California 1850's

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California 1850's

  1. 1. California in the 1850’s By Sonya Sheets
  2. 2. The Fight for Slavery in California <ul><li>Mexican-American War reduced Mexico by more than ½, and the US by 1/3 </li></ul><ul><li>Congressman David Wilmot declared involuntary servitude and slavery to not exist in said territory </li></ul><ul><li>Plunged into disunion for fifteen years later </li></ul><ul><li>It was unnecessary considering the West had inhospitable climates toward the cotton growing industry </li></ul><ul><li>Ironically, the California senators voted proslavery in the 1850’s </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Hidalgo transferred california from Mexico to the united states </li></ul><ul><li>Workers built a sawmill near Sacramento, discovering gold in the river nearby </li></ul><ul><li>Rumors leaked, despite the efforts to keep it secret </li></ul><ul><li>1848, rumors reached the East coast, plunging trhe whole country into a gold rush </li></ul>Treaty of Guadalupe
  4. 4. Banned Slavery <ul><li>After the goldrush went into effect, California modeled a law (by Iowa) to ban slavery on the west coast </li></ul><ul><li>Was supported by the forty-niners because they did not want to compete with slave labor to find their gold </li></ul><ul><li>Slave owners still brought their bondsmen to mine gold for them </li></ul>
  5. 5. “ It was to work the Gold mines on his continent that the Spaniards first brought Africans to the country.” -Senator Jefferson Davis <ul><li>Fear arose from the south that this 16 th state will tip the scales against slave states in the Senate </li></ul><ul><li>This was described as an unconstitutional violation of Southern property rights and Political equity </li></ul><ul><li>California’s law was countered by Texas becoming a slave state </li></ul>
  6. 6. Resources <ul><li>The California Gold Rush and Coming Civil War by Leonard L.Richards,Knopf,290pp. </li></ul>

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