History Of Computing

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  • prehistory
  • ASTROLABE WAS THE IPOD OF IT’S DAY, today few would classify it as “technology”.
  • prehistory
  • prehistory
  • prehistory
  • prehistory
  • Operation Barbarossa – 1941Hitler decides to invade RussiaBlitzkreig -> all over by late Sep 1941Reasons for failure: 1) logistics – speed left support for front line troops lagging far behind 2) resilience of Soviet forces 3) brutal weather
  • Operation Barbarossa – 1941Hitler decides to invade RussiaBlitzkreig -> all over by late Sep 1941Reasons for failure: 1) logistics – speed left support for front line troops lagging far behind 2) resilience of Soviet forces 3) brutal weather
  • Operation Barbarossa – 1941Hitler decides to invade RussiaBlitzkreig -> all over by late Sep 1941Reasons for failure: 1) logistics – speed left support for front line troops lagging far behind 2) resilience of Soviet forces 3) brutal weather
  • May 1942, Winston ChurchillThere is a winter, you know, in Russia," he said. "For a good many months the temperature is apt to fall very low. There is snow, there is frost, and all that. Hitler forgot about this Russian winter. He must have been very loosely educated. We all heard about it at school; but he forgot it. I have never made such a bad mistake as that."
  • 1812 – Napoleon invaded RussiaAt the time invincible, but returned with 40K of his original army of 640KProblems? 1) logisitics – used to foraging & forced marches, here left animals + soldiers dead 2) resilience of soviet forces – continuous retreat / regrouping & burning fields
  • 1812 – Napoleon invaded RussiaAt the time invincible, but returned with 40K of his original army of 640KProblems? 1) logisitics – used to foraging & forced marches, here left animals + soldiers dead 2) resilience of soviet forces – continuous retreat / regrouping & burning fields 3) Weather
  • http://entomology.montana.edu/historybug/napoleon/typhus_russia.htm
  • http://entomology.montana.edu/historybug/napoleon/typhus_russia.htm
  • Video of why computer history matters
  • 8000 BC Plough resulted in “agricultural revolution” that allowed fewer people to provide for
  • 8000 BC Plough resulted in “agricultural revolution” that allowed fewer people to provide for
  • http://www.converge.org.nz/pirm/nutech.htm
  • http://www.converge.org.nz/pirm/nutech.htm
  • prehistory
  • First calculator = ABACUS = first information processorhttp://www.answers.com/topic/abacushttp://www.ideafinder.com/history/inventions/abacus.htm
  • Led to development of commerce + math previously one for one matching to count / add / subtract
  • Slide rule: early 1600’s
  • Pascaline – first mechanical computing machines (1642)
  • Automated loom w/ punch cards (1830’s)

Transcript

  • 1.
    • History of Computing
    • 2. Hardware Basics
  • Technology is:
    anything that wasn’t around when you were born.
    ALAN KAY
  • 3.
  • 4. Should you care about
    OLD
    technology?
  • 5. History … illuminates reality, vitalizes memory, provides guidance in daily life.
    CICERO
  • 6. Men make their own history, but they do not make it just as they please; they do not make it under circumstances chosen by themselves, but under circumstances directly found, given and transmitted from the past.
    KARL MARX
  • 7. Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.
    GEORGE SANTAYANA
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15. Starvation, desertion, typhus, and suicide would rob the French Army of more men than all the battles of the Russian invasion combined.
    PETERSON, R. K. D.
  • 16. The Russian campaign was the decisive turning-point of the Napoleonic Wars.
    WIKIPEDIA
  • 17. Only
    ONE
    of
    MANY
  • 18. 8000 BC
  • 19. 1850 AD
  • 20. In
    1850
    60%
    of employed Americans worked in agriculture
  • 21. In
    1994
    2.7%
    of employed Americans worked in agriculture
  • 22.
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25. start
    where would you
    computer history?
  • 26. 3000
    1650
    prehistory
    ~
    BC
  • 27.
  • 28. 3000
    1950
    prehistory
    ~
    BC
  • 29.
  • 30. 1650
    1940
    mechanical
  • 31. 1650
    1940
    mechanical
  • 32.
  • 33. 1650
    1940
    mechanical
  • 34. 1650
    1940
    mechanical
  • 35. 1940
    1960
    electronic
  • 36. 1940
    1960
    electronic
  • 37. 1940
    1960
    electronic
  • 38. 1940
    1960
    electronic
  • 39. 1940
    1960
    electronic
  • 40. 1940
    1960
    electronic
  • 41. 1940
    1960
    electronic
  • 42. 1940
    1960
    electronic
  • 43. 1960
    1975
    mini
  • 44. $400,000
    ENIAC
    $20,000
    mini-computer
    1960
    1975
    mini
  • 45. 1960
    1975
    mini
  • 46. 1975
    1990
    micro
  • 47. 1975
    1990
    micro
  • 48. 1990
    present
    network
  • 49. 1990
    present
    network
  • 50. why do you
    care?