Language• 97% Speak Spanish• 7.1% speak indigenous languages• 1.2% don’t speak Spanish The law has granted more than 60 languages the status of “national languages”. Mexico has the largest Spanish speaking population in the world with more than twice as many as the second largest Spanish speaking county. It also has the largest number of Native American language speakers on the continent.
Location/geography• 23° N 102° W• total: 1,972,550 sq km land: 1,923,040 sq km water: 49,510 sq km• Capital: Mexico City• Land sharing: Belize 250 km, Guatemala 962 km, USA 3,141 km Mexico is the world’s 14 th largest country. Mexico is commonly not considered a Central American country. It is in North America.
cLima/Weather• South: 24°C ~ 28°C• North: 20°C ~ 24°C• Above 2,000m: 16°C ~ 18°C The climate of Mexico varies according to altitude. Most of Mexico experiences a defined rainy season during the summer months
government• federal republic• 31 states The United Mexican States are a federal presidential representative democratic republic whose government is based on a congressional system.
reLigion• 95% CatholicThe Spanish arrivaland colonizationbrought RomanCatholicism to thecountry and becamethe main religion ofMexico. It’s the secondlargest Catholicnation in the world
music•drums•flutes•sea shells•Voices•guitarThe foundation of themusic of Mexico comesfrom its indigenoussounds and heritage
art •Folk artMexico is knownworldwide for its folkart traditions, mostlyderived from acombination of theindigenous andSpanish crafts.
hoLidays• Carnaval• Semana Santa• Cinco de mayo• Día de los muertos During the festivals, the people pray and burn candles to honor their saints in churches decorated with flowers and colorful utensils.
sports •Charrería •Bullfighting •Soccer •Baseball •FootballSoccer is the most popularsport in Mexico, however,boxing, baseball, longdistance races, and, morerecently, golf are also popular.
Food• Tacos• Tamales• Enchiladas Mexican food is a style of food that originated in Mexico. Mexican cuisine is known for its intense and varied flavors, colorful decoration, and variety of spices.