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Aztec Social Structure


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  • 1. AZTEC SOCIETY Mr. Ralston | Social Studies 8-Beginning of Chapter 8-pg 262-268
  • 2. Aztec Society
    • Highly Structured
    • Based on agriculture, trade and guided by religion.
    • Aztec societies dominated by Pyramids topped with temples where human sacrifices provided the gods with the human blood.
  • 3. Sacrifice Throwing Victims down Stairs Towers devoted to the Gods
  • 4. Aztec Society
    • Hierarchical
    3 Social Classes Pipiltin (Upper Class) Macehualtin (Commoners) Mayeques (Commoners)
    • Nobility
    • High Ranking Warriors
    • High Ranking Priests
    • Middle Class
    • Peasants
    • Tlacotin (Slaves)
  • 5. The Division of Clans: Pipiltin Priests, Warriors & Nobles Commoners Macehualtin & Mayeques
  • 6. Nobility
    • The Ruling class
    • Top positions in government, army and priesthood
    • Emperor was #1
    • Expected to conduct themselves exemplary way.
    • Punished more severely if they were disobedient.
  • 7. Commoners
    • Middle Class (Macehualtin)
    • Could improve status by gaining recognition in the military, becoming a priest, merchant, artisans or trader.
    • Warriors were seen as equals to the Nobility
  • 8. Commoners
    • Peasants (Mayeques)
      • Worked land of the nobles
      • Built and maintained temples
      • Paid taxes and tribute. They could keep what was left over.
  • 9. Commoners
      • Tlacotin (Slaves)
      • Lowest of the Low
      • Nobody born a slave – sold self if they could not afford to pay debts
      • Owners only owned the work they did
      • Slaves could buy back freedom
  • 10. Priests
    • Boys from all classes could study to become priests
    • Top Ranking positions reserved for The Pipiltin.
    • Most important job is to offer Human Sacrifice to the Gods
    • Men in priesthood did not marry
    • Women Priests received specific jobs worshiping goddesses
  • 11. Gender Roles
      • Could do crafts, run business and control their own property
      • Received legal protection from marital abuse
      • If marriage ended women had automatic custody of children.
    • Women
      • Cared for household and family
      • Could not have a position of power
  • 12. Gender Roles
    • Men
      • Did physical work and were forced to join the army when soldiers were needed.
    • Children
      • Start work at roughly age 5
      • Girls married in mid-teens
      • Boys married in late teens/early twenties
  • 13. Education
    • Free for all
    • Taught religious rituals, singing, dancing and music
      • Passed traditions from one generation to the next
      • Most information passed through stories
    • Separate schools for nobles and the Macehualtin.
    • Schooled from early teens till marriage.
  • 14. Gender Roles in Education
    • Boys and Girls were taught separately!
    • Boys Learned
    • Occupational skills
    • History
    • Religious practices
    • Characteristics of good citizenship
    • Elements of warfare
    • How to be a warrior
    • Girls Learned
    • To manage households for their spouses
    • Spinning and weaving
    • Morality
    • Religion
    • History
    • Traditions