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  • 1. A Hitherto Unknown Map of PalestineAuthor(s): Roberto AlmagiàReviewed work(s):Source: Imago Mundi, Vol. 8 (1951), p. 34Published by: Imago Mundi, Ltd.Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1150047 .Accessed: 20/03/2012 14:59Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspJSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. Imago Mundi, Ltd. is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Imago Mundi.http://www.jstor.org
  • 2. advance in knowledge, but not much later; they might be assigned to about 1508. The map of Italy, of whichwe possess only three sheets, may be ascribed approximately to the same period or to a somewhat later date;it may correspond to the Italia grandein seipe.Zi of which the plates and also the matrices are mentioned in theinventory of 1527, just as the appamondoa mantellino duefogli reali in tutto should correspond to the Conta-rini-Rosselli planisphere of 1506. Whether also several of the other maps listed in the inventory were Rossel-lis work cannot be asserted with certitude. In any case, these maps should be searched for: it seems hard tobelieve that all of them have been lost, and a new appeal in this sense, addressed from these pages, to studentsdoes not seem to be out of place. A hitherto unknown map of Palestine. Among the collections of printed 16th century maps censis)who worked first in Venice and later (after 1575)of the National Libraryat Florence I have found a hitherto in Rome (1). The attribution of our map to this engraverunknown map of Palestine. It is a fine copper-engraving, is made almost certain by an indication which is foundmeasuring 33 x 44.5 cm, in a mediocre state of preser- in a letter, dated September 1, 1590 addressed to Orteliusvation (a few holes). It is not graded; the scale (scala di by his friend and correspondent in Rome Phil. vanmiglia) gives 58 mm for 50 miles; the NE is roughly at Winghe. Van Winghe announced to Ortelius that he hadthe top. It carriesno indication with respect to the author, met Natale Bonifacio in Rome; the latter had at thatdate or place of printing. However, as can be seen in the time completed a map of Palestine, which he compiledreproduction, the upper part of the map has two empty with the aid of persons who had lived there, and which hecartouches one of which was probably intended to carry proposed to dedicate to the new Pope (2). In fact, Boni-the title, and the other a dedication. Between the two facio had first intended to dedicate it to Sixtus V, whocartouches, there is a pontifical coat-of-arms - that died however on August 24,1590; consequently, some-of Pope Sixtus V (1585-90); the inference is that the map one had to do the painstaking work of substituting onwas printed not later than 1590. the copper plate the coat-of-arms of the new Pope. It is The map comprises the coast from Tripolisto Gazera. possible that the engraver undertook this work, butIn the Mare Mediterraneum notice a part of the island we Sixtus Vs successor, Urban VII, remained only a fewof Cyprus. In the interior, long mountain ranges separate months on the Papal throne, like his two successors,Palestine from the neighbouring countries - Syria, Gregory XIV and Innocent IX. During 1591 InnocentPersia, Arabia, and Egypt. A small portion of the Red Sea IX also died, and Natale Bonifacio returned to his nativeappears on the map near Egypt. country early in 1592 where he died on February23, 1592. This is obviously a map of Ancient (Biblical) Palestine, These curious circumstances explain to us why thewhich is very different from any contemporary map, engraving was never finished.but does not show any progress compared with earlier Bonifacio was in the first place an engraver, not amaps. Several errors, duplicated names, transposition of cartographer, and therefore we should not be surprisedlocalities, etc., are easily observed. The nomenclature to see that the engraving of the map is better than itsis in Latin, while the map is Italian (see the names of the scientific precisionlcardinal points: Oriente, Levante, etc.). ROBERTO ALMAGIA The style of the engraving, and especially the oro-graphical drawing, the representation of the most im-portant cities (Hierusalem, Damascus,Tripolis,Beruti,etc.), (1) Cf. ALMAGIA, R. Intorno all opera cartografica diand the ornaments (ships, etc.) strongly recall to our Natale Bonifacio. Arch. Stor. per la Dalamzia, 14. 1933.mind the manner of an Italian cartographerand engraver (2) Abrahami Ortelii Epistulae .... edidit J. H.of that time, Natale Bonifacio (Natalis BonifaciusSibeni- Cantabrigae1887, No. 170, p. 408-12. HESSEL,34
  • 3. CIpAASCS . ?^lr-DAMS,tnByih- RA _.i f.#- * ~*u Ly M* lfil, - p t11 ;Wsa -S , -- [: t . i; I Gz MAP, C. 1590 PALESTINE (National Library, Florence)