The Problem Students spend $900 per year Prices rising 2-4x inflation Students spend$900 per year Prices rising 2-4x inflation Affects some students more than others
The Problem Broken Market Flawed market structure gives publishers too much power Producer Consumer
The Problem Broken Market Flawed market structure gives publishers too much power Publisher Student Professor
The Problem Publisher Broken Model Self-destructive business model drives publisher market abuses Each textbook is bought and sold several times, but the publisher only profits on the first sale Bookstore used books Students
About Open Textbooks 4. Other formats 1. A textbook 2. Open license 3. Online access What is an opentextbook?
About Open Textbooks 94% Comfortable with print Students showed a strong preference for print as their primary format. 48% Comfortable with digital 25% Digital 75% Print 60% Low-cost print 40% Free online 70% wanted the option to use both
About Open Textbooks Print on demand $29.35 Sony Reader free PDF free Online free Kindle DX free Kinkos $25.00 LaTeX free Self-print at cost
About Open Textbooks PDF $24.95 Print (color) $59.95 Online free Print (B+W) $29.95 Self-print at cost Study package $14.95 Audio book $39.95
Open Textbook Models E-books and Open Textbooks: Digital One of several format options Readable on computer or e-reader Marginal cost near zero
About Open Textbooks E-books Need passcode Limited license Mutually exclusive with other formats Still prone to piracy Open Books
Open Textbook Models 1. Individual authors Personal motivations Sabbatical time/grant funding Count open textbooks toward tenure?
Open Textbook Models 2. Institutional projects A consortium of 80+ community colleges is pooling resources to write and review texts Rice University founded CNX.org, a platform that hosts numerous open books Hewlett & Maxfield Foundations funded the creation of a new open textbook
Open Textbook Models 3. Government funding A new bill introduced by Sen. Durbin (D-IL) would create a federal grant program to create open textbooks through the NSF The WA community college system received state funding to create open curriculum & texts for the 80 highest enrollment courses.
Open Textbook Models 4. Commercial publishers Flat World Knowledge is the first open textbook publisher. Their first books launched in spring 2009, and are now used at over 400 schools.
What You Can Do Seek, consider and adopt open textbooks in your own courses Give preference to publishers with open-access business models Regain the rights to older books and release them as open textbooks
What You Can Do Join us at the table as we pursue federal funding for open textbooks
Open-Access Textbooks Nicole Allen The Student PIRGs 2010 TAA Conference June 25, 2010