Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

Open Textbooks and
Solving the Textbook
Cost Cri...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

Open Educational Resources Program

nicole@sparc...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

7 in 10
Graduating seniors had
student debt
(cla...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

$29,400
Average undergraduate
student debt at gr...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

$1,207
Average student budget for
books and supp...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

82%
Increase of textbook prices
2002-2012
(3x th...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

$8.8 billion
Annual size of the US higher
educat...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

“Broken Market”

Open Educational Resources Prog...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

Open Educational Resources Program

nicole@sparc...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

Open Educational Resources Program

nicole@sparc...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

How Students Save
% Student Savings Over New Pri...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

2 in 5
Students report they have
shared books wi...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

1 in 3
Students report downloading
course materi...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

7 in 10
Undergraduates skipped
buying one or mor...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

1 in 3
Students say at some point
they earned a ...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

1 in 3
Students say at some point
they earned a ...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

1 in 2
Students say they have at
some point take...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

Students can’t learn
from textbooks if
they can’...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

OPEN TEXTBOOKS
Free (usually
online)
Open (open
...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

OPEN
EDUCATIONAL
RESOURCES (OER)
Academic materi...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

80% / ~$100
Students savings per course
when ope...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

Studies show that the use of
open textbooks is c...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

~$100M
Students savings worldwide to
date from t...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

~100-200
”Professional grade” open
textbooks ava...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

Open Textbook Catalog
Open Textbook Catalog
In a...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

What Needs to Happen
• More “turn key” open text...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

What You Can Do
• Faculty: the lynchpin, as both...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

What You Can Do
• Publishers: transition to open...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

Open textbooks can
happen, but we need
to make t...
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

www.sparc.arl.org

Nicole Allen
nicole@sparc.arl.org
Twitter: @txtb...
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Open Textbooks and Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis (Joint Mathematics Meetings, 1/17/14, Baltimore, MD)

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Open Textbooks and Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis (Joint Mathematics Meetings, 1/17/14, Baltimore, MD)

  1. 1. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org Open Textbooks and Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis Nicole Allen OER Program Director, SPARC Joint Mathematics Meetings January 17, 2014 Baltimore, MD Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  2. 2. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  3. 3. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org 7 in 10 Graduating seniors had student debt (class of 2012) http://projectonstudentdebt.org Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  4. 4. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org $29,400 Average undergraduate student debt at graduation (class of 2012) http://projectonstudentdebt.org Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  5. 5. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org $1,207 Average student budget for books and supplies for 20132014 year http://trends.collegeboard.org/college-pricing/figures-tables/average-estimatedundergraduate-budgets-2013-14 Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  6. 6. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org 82% Increase of textbook prices 2002-2012 (3x the rate of inflation) http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-368 Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  7. 7. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org $8.8 billion Annual size of the US higher education textbook market http://info.xplana.com/report/pdf/Xplana_Whitepaper_2011.pdf Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  8. 8. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org “Broken Market” Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  9. 9. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  10. 10. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  11. 11. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org How Students Save % Student Savings Over New Print Text E-Readers 39% E-Books 52% Rentals Used Books 61% 25% http://www.studentpirgs.org/reports/cover-cover-solution Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  12. 12. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org 2 in 5 Students report they have shared books with classmates to reduce costs http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2010_fsts_report_01sep2011.pdf Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  13. 13. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org 1 in 3 Students report downloading course material from an unauthorized website (up from 1 in 5 in 2010) http://www.bisg.org/news-5-847-press-release-now-available-student-attitudestoward-content-in-higher-education-volume-3.php Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  14. 14. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org 7 in 10 Undergraduates skipped buying one or more texts due to cost http://www.studentpirgs.org/news/ap/high-prices-prevent-college-students-buyingassigned-textbooks Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  15. 15. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org 1 in 3 Students say at some point they earned a poor grade because they could not afford to buy the textbook http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  16. 16. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org 1 in 3 Students say at some point they earned a poor grade because they could not afford to buy the textbook http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  17. 17. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org 1 in 2 Students say they have at some point taken fewer courses due to the cost of textbooks http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  18. 18. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org Students can’t learn from textbooks if they can’t afford them Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  19. 19. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org OPEN TEXTBOOKS Free (usually online) Open (open license) Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  20. 20. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES (OER) Academic materials that everyone can use, adapt and share freely. Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  21. 21. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org 80% / ~$100 Students savings per course when open textbooks used in place of traditional http://www.studentpirgs.org/reports/cover-cover-solution Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  22. 22. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org Studies show that the use of open textbooks is correlated with higher grades and retention rates http://www.eurodl.org/?p=current&article=533 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02680513.2012.716657 http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1523 Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  23. 23. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org ~$100M Students savings worldwide to date from the use of OER instead of traditional materials http://openeducation2013.sched.org/event/90d9e1c479a944181f771f720ef967db Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  24. 24. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org ~100-200 ”Professional grade” open textbooks available for common college courses http://openeducation2013.sched.org/event/90d9e1c479a944181f771f720ef967db Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  25. 25. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org Open Textbook Catalog Open Textbook Catalog In an effort to reduce costs for students, the College of Education and Human Development has created this catalog of open textbooks to be reviewed by faculty members. Read full press release Open textbooks are complete textbooks released under a Creative Commons, or similar, license. In an effort to reduce costs for students, the College of Education and Human Instructors can customize open textbooks to fit their course needs by Development has created this their own content. Students can reviewed by digital remixing, editing, and adding catalog of open textbooks to be access free faculty members. or purchase low-cost print copies of open textbooks. versions http://open.umn.edu/ Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  26. 26. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org What Needs to Happen • More “turn key” open textbooks: create new and improve existing • More support for adoption: professional development, time buyouts… • More awareness: most people don’t know what open textbooks are, we need to change that Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  27. 27. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org What You Can Do • Faculty: the lynchpin, as both authors and assigners of textbooks • Students: the most effective advocates to raise awareness of the problem • Libraries: support for curation, creation and adoption Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  28. 28. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org What You Can Do • Publishers: transition to open models and avoid bad practices • Institutions: leveraging OER to increase outcomes, competitiveness • Lawmakers: policies that support (but never mandate) the creation and use of OER Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  29. 29. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org Open textbooks can happen, but we need to make them happen Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org
  30. 30. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org Nicole Allen nicole@sparc.arl.org Twitter: @txtbks http://sparc.arl.org/issues /oer Open Educational Resources Program nicole@sparc.arl.org

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