Open Educational Resources Overview (Penn Libraries, 2014-04-09)

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  • 1. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Educational Resources Nicole Allen Director of Open Education, SPARC UPenn Libraries April 9, 2014
  • 2. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org SPARC®, the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, is an international alliance of academic and research libraries working to create a more open system of scholarly communication.
  • 3. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  • 4. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  • 5. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  • 6. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  • 7. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Image © yaskii http://www.shutterstock.com/gallery-437380p1.html
  • 8. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Except…
  • 9. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-368 Figure 1: Estimated Increases in New College Textbook Prices, College Tuition and Fees, and Overall Consumer Price Inflation, 2002 to 2012 prices grew by 28 percent. 8 These price increases occurred from December 1986 to December 2004.
  • 10. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  • 11. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org -50% 0% 50% 100% 150% 200% 250% 300% 350% 400% 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 Year MIT Libraries Materials Purchases vs. CPI % Increase 1986-2006 Consumer Price Index % + Serial Expenditures % + # Serials Purchased % + # Books Purchased % + Book Expenditures % + Journal expenditure Inflation
  • 12. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://www.springer.com/us/librarians/journal-price-list
  • 13. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Shouldn’t digital technology solve this problem?
  • 14. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  • 15. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  • 16. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  • 17. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  • 18. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  • 19. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Of course there are workarounds….
  • 20. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  • 21. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org “65% of students said that they had decided against buying a textbook because it was too expensive… 94% were concerned that doing so would hurt their grade.” -- 2014 report by U.S. PIRG http://www.studentpirgs.org/reports/sp/fixing-broken-textbook-market
  • 22. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  • 23. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org We need a better solution.
  • 24. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES
  • 25. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Educational Resources (OER) are textbooks and other academic materials that are published online for everyone to use, adapt and share freely
  • 26. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open License Amends the default “All Rights Reserved” terms of copyright to “Some Rights Reserved,” granting blanket permission in advance to everyone to use the material
  • 27. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Four “R’s” of Open Reuse Revise Remix Redistribute (With attribution to the author)
  • 28. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Textbook (Example) • Free online • Free PDF • Free ePub • Print $49.73 • Instructor can adapt and distribute http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physics
  • 29. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://www.bkstr.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/ProductDisplay?catalogId=10001&categoryId=9602&langId=- 1&productId=4000000000002535744&storeId=216405&productStoreId=216405
  • 30. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OpenCourseWare • Teaching and learning materials made available under an open license and presented in a course format • 200+ institutions • 30,000 modules http://www.ocwconsortium.org/
  • 31. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OER Repositories • Connexions: http://cnx.org • OER Commons: http://www.oercommons.org • Open Textbook Library: http://open.umn.edu • Many more…
  • 32. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Free, immediate online access to research articles coupled with full reuse rights Open Access Articles
  • 33. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Advantages of OER • Affordable: free online, free to download, hardcopies cost $20-40 • Accessible: all students have access starting day one of the course • Flexible: instructors can tailor the material to suit the curriculum
  • 34. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Advantages of OER • Born Digital: easier to update, integrate multimedia • Worry Free: copyright permission granted in advance
  • 35. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Barriers for OER • Awareness of OER as an option • Discovery of appropriate OER • Evaluating the quality of OER • Logistics of adopting OER • Sustainable publishing of OER
  • 36. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Libraries & OER
  • 37. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://guides.library.umass.edu/content.php?pid=87648&sid=4778777
  • 38. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Education Initiative • Call for applications from faculty for mini-grants • Two one-hour workshops reviewing OER and other low-cost resources • Consultation sessions with librarians and library partners • Adoption of OER & low cost materials
  • 39. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Education Initiative • 30 faculty participants • 44 courses • $46,000 invested, $700,000+ saved by 5000+ students • Faculty said 4.36 on a scale of 5 “Student performance improved compared to past semesters when a traditional textbook was used”
  • 40. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Similar Projects • Temple University • UCLA • Kansas State University • University of Oklahoma • Tacoma Community College • More…
  • 41. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
  • 42. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Digital Coursepack Pilot • Began to support an iPad project and specific classes/instructors (Fall 2012). • Expanded to include a variety of campus partners (Copyright Permissions, Bookstore). • Includes a variety of content types. • Integrated into Moodle (CMS) environment. • Support services developing around open content and other alternative course content.
  • 43. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Digital Coursepack Pilot
  • 44. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://open.umn.edu
  • 45. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://open.umn.edu
  • 46. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://open.umn.edu
  • 47. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://oregonstate.edu/ua/ncs/archives/2014/feb/osu-open-textbook-initiative-aims-reduce-student-costs-enhance-learning
  • 48. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Oregon State University • Pilot program that facilitates the development of open access textbooks • Collaboration between OSU Libraries, OSU Press and OSU Extended Campus • Publication of the first four open textbooks will take place in 2014-2015
  • 49. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Oregon State University • Each will be made available in four free digital formats - HTML, PDF, iBooks & ePub • Print-on-demand through OSU Press • Authors will receive royalties on print-on- demand sales and a $5,000-$15,000 budget transfer
  • 50. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Oregon State University • First open textbook was developed from an existing OSU Press book as part of this project • “Living with Earthquakes in the Pacific Northwest” by Robert S. Yeats • Available at:http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/oer/Earthquake .pdf
  • 51. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://opensuny.org
  • 52. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Barriers for OER • Awareness of OER as an option • Discovery of appropriate OER • Evaluating the quality of OER • Logistics of adopting OER • Sustainable publishing of OER
  • 53. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org How Libraries Can Support OER • Awareness of OER as an option • Discovery of appropriate OER • Evaluating the quality of OER • Logistics of adopting OER • Sustainable publishing of OER
  • 54. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Libraries transformed the conversation around access to research, they can do the same for learning materials
  • 55. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Educational Resources
  • 56. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Libraries & OER Forum Public discussion list intended for academic and research librarians interested in OER. Sign up: http://www.sparc.arl.org/resource/sparc- libraries-oer-forum
  • 57. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OER Campus Project List Resource describing library initiatives to advance OER, for release in April. Add your campus: http://www.sparc.arl.org/issues/oer/cam pus-project-form
  • 58. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OER Campus Tour SPARC staff will be traveling across the country to educate librarians, students and others about OER. Interested? nicole@sparc.arl.org
  • 59. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Education 2014 • Annual OER conference • Nov 19-21, 2014, Washington, DC • Track dedicated to Libraries & OER Learn more: http://www.openedconference.org
  • 60. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Other Resources http://www.sparc.arl.org/resources Nicole Allen nicole@sparc.arl.org 401-484-8104 @txtbks