@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Open Educational
Resources
Nicole Allen (nicole@sparc.arl.org)
Director of Open Education, SPARC
M...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
SPARC, the Scholarly Publishing and Academic
Resources Coalition, is an international alliance of
...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Macroeconomics (5th Edition) by Stephen D. Williamson
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://www.ucsbstuff.com
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://www.ucsbstuff.com
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://www.coursesmart.com/macroeconomics-fifth-edition/stephen-d-
williamson/dp/9780132992...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://www.coursesmart.com/macroeconomics-fifth-edition/stephen-d-
williamson/dp/9780132992...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Image © from http://www.cnn.com/2013/06/28/showbiz/heat-director-buddy-cop/
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-368
Figure 1: Estimated Increases in New College Textboo...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Market Failure
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
$1,207
Average student budget for books and
supplies for the 2013-2014 academic
year
Source http:/...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
1 in 2
Students say they have at some point
taken fewer courses due to the cost of
textbooks
Sourc...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
65% of students report skipping a
required textbook because of the
high price
Source http://www.st...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Students can’t learn
from materials
they can’t afford
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
(at least it gets students
to visit the library?)
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
We can do better.
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
OPEN
EDUCATIONAL
RESOURCES
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Hewlett Foundation Definition:
“OER are teaching, learning, and
research resources that reside in ...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Hewlett Foundation Definition:
“OER are teaching, learning, and
research resources that reside in ...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
1. Free
(no cost, no barriers)
2. Reuse Rights
(open license or public domain)
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Open Licensing
Uses copyright to enable
free sharing and reuse
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
See www.opencontent.org for full definition.
The “5R” Permissions
• Make and own copiesRetain
• Us...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
(easy-to-use open licenses)
www.creativecommons.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
most
free
least
free
Slide adapted from Cable Green http://www.slideshare.com/cgreen
OER
not
OER
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
OpenCourseWare
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Captured from http://ocw.mit.edu/about/
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
www.oeconsortium.org
200+ institutions
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Captured from http://open.umich.edu/education/med
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Captured from http://open.umich.edu/education/med/m1/patients-pop-decision-
making/fall2011/materi...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Captured from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DFU7fUff7PA
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://www.oerafrica.org/healthoer
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
OER Repositories
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
http://cnx.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
www.sparc.arl.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
http://www.oercommons.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Open Textbooks
www.sparc.arl.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Captured from http://openstaxcollege.org/
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Open Textbook (Example)
• Free online
• Free PDF
• Free ePub
• Print $49.73
• Instructor can adapt...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
http://www.bkstr.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/ProductDisplay?catalogId=10001&categoryId=9602&lang...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
http://oregonstate.edu/ua/ncs/archives/2014/feb/osu-open-textbook-initiative-aims-reduce-
student-...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
http://open.umn.edu
100+ open textbooks
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Institutional Initiatives
www.sparc.arl.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Captured from http://opencourselibrary.org/
81 Courses
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
All OER 2-Year Degree
www.sparc.arl.org
The cost of college textbooks has risen 812% since 1978, m...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Funder Policies
www.sparc.arl.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://www.doleta.gov/taaccct/
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source
http://www.californiacommunitycolleges.cccco.edu/Portals/0/DocDownloads/PressReleases/SEP20...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Faculty Support
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Image © from http://www.teleread.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/bookstorerummage.jpg
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
About Lumen Learning
Open Educational Resources represent a largely untapped opportunity to reduce...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://guides.library.umass.edu/content.php?pid=87648&sid=4778777
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
www.sparc.arl.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Impacts
www.sparc.arl.org
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
$1M student savings, and counting
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Supporting Adoption
Developmental Math Results"
Percentage passing with C or better
48.40%
60.18%
...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://pm4id.org/
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Source http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2821
50% savings ($5/book)
and same test scores
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Adopt/Adapt
Share/Create
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
What course content are faculty
members using?
Can it be supplemented
or replaced with OER?
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
What PD and instructional
design services are offered?
Can OER be part of them?
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Where is content being created
on campus?
Can it be licensed as OER?
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
How does your campus
disseminate content?
Can it support sharing OER?
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Advance our systems
for sharing information
toward openness
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
www.sparc.arl.org
November 15-17 | Washington, D.C.
Sponsor a student from your campus
www.opencon...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
www.sparc.arl.org
November 19-21 | Washington, D.C.
Day-long track on Libraries & OER
www.openedco...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
www.sparc.arl.org
Libraries & OER Forum
http://www.sparc.arl.org/resource/sparc-
libraries-oer-for...
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
www.sparc.arl.org
Be part of the solution
www.sparc.arl.org/membership
@txtbks | sparc.arl.org
Open Educational
Resources
Nicole Allen (nicole@sparc.arl.org)
Director of Open Education, SPARC
M...
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OER Overview (MCCLPHEI Annual Conference 6/19/14 Salem, MA)

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OER Overview (MCCLPHEI Annual Conference 6/19/14 Salem, MA)

  1. 1. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Open Educational Resources Nicole Allen (nicole@sparc.arl.org) Director of Open Education, SPARC MCCLPHEI Annual Conference | June 19, 2014 Except where otherwise noted…
  2. 2. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org SPARC, the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, is an international alliance of academic and research libraries working to create a more open system of scholarly communication. www.sparc.arl.org
  3. 3. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Macroeconomics (5th Edition) by Stephen D. Williamson
  4. 4. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.ucsbstuff.com
  5. 5. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.ucsbstuff.com
  6. 6. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.coursesmart.com/macroeconomics-fifth-edition/stephen-d- williamson/dp/9780132992787
  7. 7. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.coursesmart.com/macroeconomics-fifth-edition/stephen-d- williamson/dp/9780132992787
  8. 8. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Image © from http://www.cnn.com/2013/06/28/showbiz/heat-director-buddy-cop/
  9. 9. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-368 Figure 1: Estimated Increases in New College Textbook Prices, College Tuition and Fees, and Overall Consumer Price Inflation, 2002 to 2012 prices grew by 28 percent.
  10. 10. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Market Failure
  11. 11. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org $1,207 Average student budget for books and supplies for the 2013-2014 academic year Source http://trends.collegeboard.org/college-pricing/figures-tables/average-estimated-undergraduate- budgets-2013-14
  12. 12. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 1 in 2 Students say they have at some point taken fewer courses due to the cost of textbooks Source http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
  13. 13. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 65% of students report skipping a required textbook because of the high price Source http://www.studentpirgs.org/reports/sp/fixing-broken-textbook-market The vast majority of these students thought it could hurt their grades
  14. 14. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Students can’t learn from materials they can’t afford
  15. 15. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  16. 16. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org (at least it gets students to visit the library?)
  17. 17. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org We can do better.
  18. 18. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES
  19. 19. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Hewlett Foundation Definition: “OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or are released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and repurposing by others”
  20. 20. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Hewlett Foundation Definition: “OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or are released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and repurposing by others”
  21. 21. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org 1. Free (no cost, no barriers) 2. Reuse Rights (open license or public domain)
  22. 22. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Open Licensing Uses copyright to enable free sharing and reuse
  23. 23. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org See www.opencontent.org for full definition. The “5R” Permissions • Make and own copiesRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The$5Rs$
  24. 24. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org (easy-to-use open licenses) www.creativecommons.org
  25. 25. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org most free least free Slide adapted from Cable Green http://www.slideshare.com/cgreen OER not OER
  26. 26. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org
  27. 27. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org OpenCourseWare
  28. 28. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://ocw.mit.edu/about/
  29. 29. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.oeconsortium.org 200+ institutions
  30. 30. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://open.umich.edu/education/med
  31. 31. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://open.umich.edu/education/med/m1/patients-pop-decision- making/fall2011/materials
  32. 32. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DFU7fUff7PA
  33. 33. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.oerafrica.org/healthoer
  34. 34. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org OER Repositories
  35. 35. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://cnx.org
  36. 36. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org
  37. 37. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://www.oercommons.org
  38. 38. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Open Textbooks www.sparc.arl.org
  39. 39. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://openstaxcollege.org/
  40. 40. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Open Textbook (Example) • Free online • Free PDF • Free ePub • Print $49.73 • Instructor can adapt and distribute http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physics
  41. 41. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://www.bkstr.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/ProductDisplay?catalogId=10001&categoryId=9602&langId=- 1&productId=4000000000002535744&storeId=216405&productStoreId=216405
  42. 42. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://oregonstate.edu/ua/ncs/archives/2014/feb/osu-open-textbook-initiative-aims-reduce- student-costs-enhance-learning
  43. 43. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org http://open.umn.edu 100+ open textbooks
  44. 44. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Institutional Initiatives www.sparc.arl.org
  45. 45. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Captured from http://opencourselibrary.org/ 81 Courses
  46. 46. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org All OER 2-Year Degree www.sparc.arl.org The cost of college textbooks has risen 812% since 1978, more than the rates of inflation, health care, new home prices, and college tuition. More and more, college students are unable to afford their textbooks, and as many as 70% of students have reported avoiding buying at least one textbook for their courses. Not surprisingly, these students do not do as well academically. As of May 2013, if a TCC student purchased all of the textbooks required for a business administration degree, that student would spend $3,678.95 on new books. While used textbooks may lower this price, their availability is, at best, uneven. But the problem with printed textbooks goes beyond financial cost; textbooks “ cost” students and teachers in other ways as well. Because textbooks are frequently written for broad audiences in the hopes that they will fill the learning support needs and be adopted by large numbers of faculty and departments, they are filled with content and exercises that are superfluous to a specific course’ s learning outcomes. The cost here is in teaching efficiency and effectiveness. Fortunately a solution to both problems exists. Beginning in Fall 2013, TCC became the first college in the U.S. to create an Associate of Science degree based solely on open educational resources (OER), academically vetted and publicly licensed content. After a one-semester pilot project, the true measures of accomplishment are • student success • and increased instructor effectiveness. Early data suggest the Z-Degree will meet both goals. Z Courses experienced greater student retention and Tidewater CommunityCollege ismakingcollegemoreaffordable.
  47. 47. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Funder Policies www.sparc.arl.org
  48. 48. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.doleta.gov/taaccct/
  49. 49. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://www.californiacommunitycolleges.cccco.edu/Portals/0/DocDownloads/PressReleases/SEP2013/ PRESS_RELEASE_CreativeCommonsBY_090913_FINAL.pdf
  50. 50. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Faculty Support
  51. 51. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Image © from http://www.teleread.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/bookstorerummage.jpg
  52. 52. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org About Lumen Learning Open Educational Resources represent a largely untapped opportunity to reduce costs to both institutions and learners, while at the same time improving student success. However, many institutional leaders are unsure what to do to help their institutions, faculty, and learners take full advantage of OER. This is where Lumen enters the picture. Co-founded by open education visionary Dr. David Wiley and education technology strategist Kim Thanos, Lumen is dedicated to facilitating broad, successful adoption of OER. After years of pioneering work in open education as individuals, David and Kim collaborated on the Next Generation Learning Challenges grant-funded Kaleidoscope Open Course Initiative in 2012 to replace textbooks with OER in community college classrooms. Project goals included lowering textbook costs by 50% and improving student success rates. No one was quite prepared for the actual project outcomes, which resulted in moving the cost of required textbooks to $0 and improving average student success rates by over 10% compared to student performance in the same courses offered by the same instructors in prior years. You can read more about the Kaleidoscope Open Course Initiative on the Successful Projects page. Adding this concrete proof to the body of evidence supporting OER, David and Kim decided to join forces to help more educational institutions and students realize gains like these. Lumen helps institutional leaders and faculty address the major challenges of OER adoption: ! Finding quality content and mapping it to course learning outcomes. Lumen works with faculty http://www.lumenlearning.org
  53. 53. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://guides.library.umass.edu/content.php?pid=87648&sid=4778777
  54. 54. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org
  55. 55. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Impacts www.sparc.arl.org
  56. 56. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org $1M student savings, and counting
  57. 57. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Supporting Adoption Developmental Math Results" Percentage passing with C or better 48.40% 60.18% 0.00% 10.00% 20.00% 30.00% 40.00% 50.00% 60.00% 70.00% Spring 2011 No OER Spring 2013 All OER n=2,842 Adapted from slides by David Wiley available under CC BY at http://www.slideshare.net/opencontent About Lumen Lear Open Educational Resources represent a and learners, while at the same time imp unsure what to do to help their institution This is where Lumen enters the picture. Co-founded by open education visionary Lumen is dedicated to facilitating broad, After years of pioneering work in open ed Generation Learning Challenges grant-fu textbooks with OER in community colleg 50% and improving student success rate resulted in moving the cost of required te 10% compared to student performance in You can read more about the Kaleidosco Adding this concrete proof to the body of help more educational institutions and st Lumen helps institutional leaders and fac ! Finding quality content and mapp around the country to review and agg into Open Courses that match gener course frameworks online. This proc individual or institution to download a ! Incorporating OER into academic consulting services to help institution sense to introduce OER into courses
  58. 58. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://pm4id.org/
  59. 59. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Source http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/2821 50% savings ($5/book) and same test scores
  60. 60. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Adopt/Adapt Share/Create
  61. 61. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org What course content are faculty members using? Can it be supplemented or replaced with OER?
  62. 62. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org What PD and instructional design services are offered? Can OER be part of them?
  63. 63. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Where is content being created on campus? Can it be licensed as OER?
  64. 64. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org How does your campus disseminate content? Can it support sharing OER?
  65. 65. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Advance our systems for sharing information toward openness
  66. 66. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org November 15-17 | Washington, D.C. Sponsor a student from your campus www.opencon2014.org
  67. 67. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org November 19-21 | Washington, D.C. Day-long track on Libraries & OER www.openedconference.org
  68. 68. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org Libraries & OER Forum http://www.sparc.arl.org/resource/sparc- libraries-oer-forum
  69. 69. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org www.sparc.arl.org Be part of the solution www.sparc.arl.org/membership
  70. 70. @txtbks | sparc.arl.org Open Educational Resources Nicole Allen (nicole@sparc.arl.org) Director of Open Education, SPARC MCCLPHEI Annual Conference | June 19, 2014 Except where otherwise noted…
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