Association of Big Ten Students 2014 (Minneapolis, MN)
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Association of Big Ten Students 2014 (Minneapolis, MN) Association of Big Ten Students 2014 (Minneapolis, MN) Presentation Transcript

  • Opening Education through Student Action Nicole Allen OER Program Director, SPARC Association of Big Ten Students Conference January 18, 2014 Minneapolis, MN Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • MY STORY Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Cheney Breaks Senate Tie on Spending Cuts By ANDREW TAYLOR The Associated Press Wednesday, December 21, 2005 WASHINGTON -- The Republican-controlled Senate passed legislation to cut federal deficits by $39.7 billion on Wednesday by the narrowest of margins, 51-50, with Vice President Dick Cheney casting the deciding vote. The measure, the product of a year's labors by the White House and the GOP in Congress, imposes the first restraints in nearly a decade in federal benefit programs such as Medicaid, Medicare and student loans. Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources nicole@sparc.arl. Coalition org http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/12/21/AR2005122100221.html www.sparc.arl.org @txtbks
  • NAME: David Reichert OFFICE: Member, U.S. House of Representatives Washington 8th District PARTY: Republican VIEWS: Moderate Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Letters to the Editor Saturday, December 31, 2005 Congress tries to make education cost even more As a college student, I am downright livid that Congress is trying to make higher education even less affordable. As you discussed in "Student Loans: Historic cuts" (Thursday), Congress's paltry attempt to appear fiscally responsible included the $12.7 billion it robbed from students over the next five years. The most dumbfounding part to me is that $12.7 billion will decrease the deficit by only $8.50 per American per year, while the cuts could increase the average student debt load by $5,800. The difference is not going to pay off the national debt, but to offset the $106 billion in tax cuts Congress passed in the same breath as the budget cuts. How dare Congress tell me that I will have an even harder time paying for college for the sake of fiscal responsibility when the congressional budget bill actually increases the deficit. The House will have one more chance to vote down the misnamed Deficit Reduction Act in February. Representatives need to remember that current students are the ones who will pay off the debt from this administration's fiscal irresponsibility. Burdening my generation with more student debt and reducing our access to college will only lower our collective earning (and taxpaying) power. Nicole Allen University of Puget Sound, Tacoma Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Letters to the Editor Monday, January 2, 2006 It's unfair to graduate with a load of debt Hooray! Finally a college student speaks out about cuts to higher education to fund tax cuts for those who presumably already have their college education. Kudos to Nicole Allen for speaking up about this issue (Sunday letters). It's about time the younger generation gets on its hind legs to fight back. I went to college in the '60s with government help, as did most of my lower-middle-class friends. As a result, we moved solidly into the middle class and beyond. What did this country receive in return for this gift to us? Millions of people who had good jobs bought homes and goods and services. We paid taxes so that we could all be better off. Guess how much debt we started our lives with as a result of this government help? None, zero, zip. We started our working lives debt free. Get going, college students. Demand no less for your generation. Diane Bowers Shoreline Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Letters to the Editor Monday, January 2, 2006 It's unfair to graduate with a load of debt “Hooray! Finally a college student speaks out about cuts to higher education to fund tax cuts for those who presumably already have their I went to college in the '60s with government help, as did most of Nicole Allen forAs a result, we college education. Kudos to my lower-middle-class friends. moved solidly into the middle class and beyond. What did this country receive in return for this gift to us? Millions speaking bought homes and goods issue (Sunday letters). of people who had good jobsup about this and services. We paid taxes so that we could all be better off. Guess It's about time the with as a result of generation gets zero, zip. We how much debt we started our lives younger this government help? None, on started our working lives debt free. its hind legs to fight back.” Hooray! Finally a college student speaks out about cuts to higher education to fund tax cuts for those who presumably already have their college education. Kudos to Nicole Allen for speaking up about this issue (Sunday letters). It's about time the younger generation gets on its hind legs to fight back. Get going, college students. Demand no less for your generation. Diane Bowers Shoreline Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition nicole@sparc.arl. org http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2006/02/images/20060208-8_d-0292-2-515h.html www.sparc.arl.org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Student Debt Yearbook What are your non-academic responsibilities while going to school? Employed as a intramural sports supervisior, event staff for University athletics, active member of the WOA, legislative liaison for CWU students Why do you think students should not graduate with so much debt? Students who graduate with debt face economic strife because of debt incurred. The future is suspended in order to pay for the past. Nickalous Central Washington University Class of 2007 Elementary Education Expected debt: $15000 What do you most look forward to when you graduate? Hope of being able to live without borrowing money to survive. Terms of Use / Privacy Policy Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • House Cuts Student Loan Interest Rates in Half msnbc.com staff and news service reports updated 1/17/2007 6:09:49 PM ET WASHINGTON -- The new Democratic-led U.S. House kept another campaign promise Wednesday and voted to help financially strapped students cover the soaring cost of college. The House set aside objections from President Bush's administration as well as concerns by lenders and passed a bill to cut in half the interest rate on need-based federal student loans over five years to 3.4 percent. Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition http://www.nbcnews.com/id/16668166/ www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • House Passes Student Aid Bill September 18, 2009 By Doug Lederman WASHINGTON -- The House of Representatives on Thursday approved sweeping legislation to overhaul the student loan programs and redirect tens of billions of dollars to student aid and other education programs, brushing aside Republican opposition and handing President Obama a significant legislative victory. The House's approval of the Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 2009, which had been a foregone conclusion for months, shifts the action to the Senate, where the outcome is slightly less predictable. Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2009/09/18/aid www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Students deliver 130,000 letters telling Congress “don’t double our rates” Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition http://www.studentpirgs.org www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • At 11th Hour, Congress Approves Freeze of Interest Rate on Some Student Loans June 29, 2012 By Michael Stratford After months of disagreement over how to pay for a temporary freeze on the interest rate for certain federal student loans, Congress on Friday passed a bill that averts a rate increase but reduces some benefits for borrowers. The measure keeps the interest rate for federally-subsidized loans to undergraduates at 3.4 percent until July 2013. Lawmakers attached themeasure to their compromise package for highway projects, which received bipartisan support in both houses of Congress. It passed the House by a 373-52 vote, and the Senate approved it 74 to 19. Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition http://chronicle.com/article/At-11th-Hour-Congress/132721/ www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Senate Reaches Deal to End Fight Over Student Loan Interest Rates By JEREMY W. PETERS Published: July 17, 2013 WASHINGTON — Senators negotiating a bipartisan deal to keep student loan rates low reached a deal on Wednesday night that could end the partisan feud on Capitol Hill that has threatened to permanently double interest rates. Two Senate aides said that the new proposal, which had been the subject of tense negotiations since the rates doubled on July 1, would include both a cap on federal Stafford and PLUS loans and a relatively low interest rate pegged to Treasury notes. Undergraduates would pay the 10-year Treasury note rate, 2.49 percent on Wednesday, plus 2.05 percent, with a cap of 8.25 percent, to protect them from inflation. Graduate students would pay the 10-year Treasury rate plus 3.6 percent, with a cap of 9.5 percent. Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition nicole@sparc.arl. org http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/18/us/politics/senate-reaches-deal-to-end-fight-over-student-loan-interestwww.sparc.arl.org rates.html?_r=0 @txtbks
  • When students speak, people listen Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org Gov. Christine Gregoire signs textbooks bill with WashPIRG nicole@sparc.arl. students org @txtbks
  • THE OPPORTUNITY Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • (1) Textbook costs can be solved immediately Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • (2) Technology makes it possible to share information freely* * There is a cost, but it’s very very tiny Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Print On Demand Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • http://www.slugbooks.com Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Why are textbooks so expensive, and what can we do about it? Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • $1,207 Average student budget for books and supplies for 20132014 year http://trends.collegeboard.org/college-pricing/figures-tables/average-estimatedundergraduate-budgets-2013-14 Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • 82% Increase of textbook prices 20022012 http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-368 Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-368 Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • $8.8 billion Annual size of the US higher education textbook market http://info.xplana.com/report/pdf/Xplana_Whitepaper_2011.pdf Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • “Broken Economics” Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • How Students Save % Student Savings Over New Print Text E-Readers 39% E-Books 52% Rentals Used Books 61% 25% http://www.studentpirgs.org/reports/cover-cover-solution Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • 2 in 5 Students report they have shared books with classmates to reduce costs http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2010_fsts_report_01sep2011.pdf Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • 1 in 3 Students report downloading course material from an unauthorized website (up from 1 in 5 in 2010) http://www.bisg.org/news-5-847-press-release-now-available-student-attitudestoward-content-in-higher-education-volume-3.php Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • 7 in 10 Undergraduates skipped buying one or more texts due to cost http://www.studentpirgs.org/news/ap/high-prices-prevent-college-students-buyingassigned-textbooks Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • 1 in 3 Students say at some point they earned a poor grade because they could not afford to buy the textbook http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey. pdf Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • 1 in 2 Students say they have at some point taken fewer courses due to the cost of textbooks http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey. pdf Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • You can’t learn from a textbook you can’t afford Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Open Educational Resources (OER) are textbooks and other academic materials that are published online for everyone to use, adapt and share freely Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Open Textbooks • Free, online, accessible to all students starting day one of the course • Available in many formats including online, PDF and print ($20-40) • Openly licensed and adaptable by instructors www.sparc.arl.org Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Open License Amends the default “All Rights Reserved” terms of copyright to “Some Rights Reserved,” granting blanket permission in advance to everyone to use the material Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Four “R’s” of Open Reuse Revise Remix Redistribute (With attribution to the author) Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Open Textbook (Example) • Free online • Free PDF • Free ePub • Print $49.73 • Instructor can adapt and distribute http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physics Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • http://www.bkstr.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/ProductDisplay?catalogId=10001&categoryId=9602&langId=1&productId=4000000000002535744&storeId=216405&productStoreId=216405 Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • ~100 ”Professional grade” open textbooks available for common college courses Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Open Textbook Catalog Open Textbook Catalog In an effort to reduce costs for students, the College of Education and Human Development has created this catalog of open textbooks to be reviewed by faculty members. Read full press release Open textbooks are complete textbooks released under a Creative Commons, or similar, license. In an effort to reduce costs for students, the College of Education and Human Instructors can customize open textbooks to fit their course needs by Development has created this their own content. Students can reviewed by digital remixing, editing, and adding catalog of open textbooks to be access free faculty members. or purchase low-cost print copies of open textbooks. versions http://open.umn.edu http://open.umn.edu/ Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • • • • • Open Textbook Development Individual Authors Campus-funded projects Government-funded projects Start up publishers (both for profit and non-profit) Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • 80% / ~$100 Students savings per course when open textbooks used in place of traditional http://www.studentpirgs.org/reports/cover-cover-solution Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Studies show that the use of open textbooks is correlated with higher grades and retention rates http://www.eurodl.org/?p=current&article=533 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02680513.2012.716657 http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1523 Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • ~$100M Students savings worldwide to date from the use of OER instead of traditional materials http://openeducation2013.sched.org/event/90d9e1c479a944181f771f720ef967db Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • 514,614 Students in enrolled in Big Ten Universities (incl. Maryland) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Ten_Conference (accessed 1/17/14) Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • $340,906,168 Spent per year on textbooks (using the most conservative estimate of $662) http://www.nacs.org/research/industrystatistics/higheredfactsfigures.aspx Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • $34,090,616 Potential savings if each student had just one course using an open textbook each year Assuming 8 courses per student and 80% savings Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • $136,362,467 Saved over four years Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • How do we make this a reality? Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • What Needs to Happen • More “turn key” open textbooks: create new and improve existing • More support for adoption: professional development, time buyouts… • More awareness: most people don’t know what open textbooks are, we need to change that Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Invest Public Resources Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Invest Public Resources Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Invest Campus Resources Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Invest Campus Resources Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Invest Campus Resources Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Call for Action Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Call for Action Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Raise Awareness Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Raise Awareness Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Raise Awareness Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Raise Awareness Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Who Can Help • Faculty: consider adopting open textbooks, potentially authoring open textbooks, and spreading the word to colleagues • Libraries: support for curation, creation and adoption, and support for campus organizing Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Who Can Help • Institutions: provide resources and support to faculty, leverage open textbooks to increase outcomes, competitiveness • Lawmakers: policies that support (but never mandate) the creation and use of open textbooks Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Open textbooks can happen, but we need to make them happen Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • THE CHALLENGE Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Save Students $100M by ABTS 2018 Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks
  • Nicole Allen nicole@sparc.arl.org Twitter: @txtbks http://sparc.arl.org/issues/oer Scholarly Publishing &Academic Resources Coalition www.sparc.arl.org nicole@sparc.arl. org @txtbks