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2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)
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2014-03-26 Libraries & Open Educational Resources (#NERCOMP14)

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  • 300BC Library of AlexandriaCharged with collecting the world’s knowledgeSent Scholars all over the known world to copy books on scrolls of papyrus
  • Throughout the middle ages, libraries primarily at Monistaries and Cathedrals
  • Books still had to be written painstakingly by hand
  • So incredibly expensive to produceThat early universities did what were called dictationsWhere the scholar would slowly read the bookAnd others would copy it down
  • And often times in libraries books were chained to desks because they were so valuable
  • 15thcentury Gutenberg invented the printing pressDramatically reduced the cost of booksMade it possible for many copies to be produced
  • And as books proliferated the challenge shifted from cost to finding ways for people to access themAnd that’s the role that libraries performedBut access was still limited by the physical form of a bookIf one person checked it out, others couldn’t have access to it
  • And with the advent of digital technology everything changedBecause it separates the knowledge from the physical form it takesIt is possible for many people to read a single book at onceAnd the cost of doing so drops effectively to zeroLiterally possible to educate the entire world
  • Cost of textbooks rising rapidly82%$1200
  • Same thing happening for scholarly journalsLibrarians in the crowd probably recognize this graph from your own institution
  • Need to take advantage of the opportunities afforded by the Internet, and all it entails to come up a with a vision for a new system that better serves scholarship and research. If we could create, from the ground floor up, the ideal system, what would it look like?
  • That’s the idea behind Open Access. Vision of an ultimate end game that would do just that.
  • That’s the idea behind Open Access. Vision of an ultimate end game that would do just that.
  • Transcript

    • 1. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Libraries & Open Educational Resources Nicole Allen Director of Open Education, SPARC NERCOMP Annual Conference (#NERCOMP14) March 26, 2014 Providence, RI
    • 2. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org SPARC®, the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, is an international alliance of academic and research libraries working to create a more open system of scholarly communication.
    • 3. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
    • 4. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
    • 5. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
    • 6. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
    • 7. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
    • 8. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
    • 9. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
    • 10. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Image © yaskii http://www.shutterstock.com/gallery-437380p1.html
    • 11. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Except…
    • 12. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-368 Figure 1: Estimated Increases in New College Textbook Prices, College Tuition and Fees, and Overall Consumer Price Inflation, 2002 to 2012 prices grew by 28 percent. 8 These price increases occurred from December 1986 to December 2004.
    • 13. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
    • 14. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org -50% 0% 50% 100% 150% 200% 250% 300% 350% 400% 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 Year MIT Libraries Materials Purchases vs. CPI % Increase 1986-2006 Consumer Price Index % + Serial Expenditures % + # Serials Purchased % + # Books Purchased % + Book Expenditures % + Journal expenditure Inflation
    • 15. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://www.springer.com/us/librarians/journal-price-list
    • 16. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Shouldn’t digital technology solve this problem?
    • 17. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
    • 18. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
    • 19. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
    • 20. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
    • 21. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
    • 22. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Of course there are workarounds….
    • 23. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
    • 24. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
    • 25. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org “65% of students said that they had decided against buying a textbook because it was too expensive… 94% were concerned that doing so would hurt their grade.” -- 2014 report by U.S. PIRG http://www.studentpirgs.org/reports/sp/fixing-broken-textbook-market
    • 26. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org We need a better solution.
    • 27. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES
    • 28. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Educational Resources (OER) are textbooks and other academic materials that are published online for everyone to use, adapt and share freely
    • 29. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open License Amends the default “All Rights Reserved” terms of copyright to “Some Rights Reserved,” granting blanket permission in advance to everyone to use the material
    • 30. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Four “R’s” of OpenReuse Revise Remix Redistribute (With attribution to the author)
    • 31. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Textbooks • Free, online, accessible to all students starting day one of the course • Available in many formats including online, PDF and print ($20-40) • Openly licensed and adaptable by instructors
    • 32. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Textbook (Example) • Free online • Free PDF • Free ePub • Print $49.73 • Instructor can adapt and distribute http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physics
    • 33. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://www.bkstr.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/ProductDisplay?catalogId=10001&categoryId=9602&langId=- 1&productId=4000000000002535744&storeId=216405&productStoreId=216405
    • 34. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OpenCourseWare • Teaching and learning materials made available under an open license and presented in a course format • 200+ institutions • 30,000 modules http://www.ocwconsortium.org/
    • 35. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OER Repositories • Connexions: http://cnx.org • OER Commons: http://www.oercommons.org • Open Textbook Library: http://open.umn.edu • Many more…
    • 36. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Free, immediat e online access to research articles coupled with full reuse rights Open Access Articles
    • 37. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Barriers for OER • Awareness of OER as an option • Discovery of appropriate OER • Evaluating the quality of OER • Logistics of adopting OER • Sustainable publishing of OER
    • 38. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Libraries & OER
    • 39. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://guides.library.umass.edu/content.php?pid=87648&sid=4778777
    • 40. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Education Initiative • Call for applications from faculty for mini-grants • Two one-hour workshops reviewing OER and other low-cost resources • Consultation sessions with librarians and library partners • Adoption of OER & low cost materials
    • 41. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Education Initiative • 30 faculty participants • 44 courses • $46,000 invested, $700,000+ saved by 5000+ students • Faculty said 4.36 on a scale of 5 “Student performance improved compared to past semesters when a traditional textbook was used”
    • 42. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Similar Projects • Temple University • UCLA • Kansas State University • University of Oklahoma • Tacoma Community College • More…
    • 43. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org
    • 44. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Digital Coursepack Pilot • Began to support an iPad project and specific classes/instructors (Fall 2012). • Expanded to include a variety of campus partners (Copyright Permissions, Bookstore). • Includes a variety of content types. • Integrated into Moodle (CMS) environment. • Support services developing around open content and other alternative course content.
    • 45. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Digital Coursepack Pilot
    • 46. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://open.umn.edu
    • 47. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://open.umn.edu
    • 48. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://open.umn.edu
    • 49. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://oregonstate.edu/ua/ncs/archives/2014/feb/osu-open-textbook-initiative-aims-reduce-student-costs-enhance-learning
    • 50. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Oregon State University • Pilot program that facilitates the development of open access textbooks • Collaboration between OSU Libraries, OSU Press and OSU Extended Campus • Publication of the first four open textbooks will take place in 2014-2015
    • 51. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Oregon State University • Each will be made available in four free digital formats - HTML, PDF, iBooks & ePub • Print-on-demand through OSU Press • Authors will receive royalties on print-on- demand sales and a $5,000-$15,000 budget transfer
    • 52. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Oregon State University • First open textbook was developed from an existing OSU Press book as part of this project • “Living with Earthquakes in the Pacific Northwest” by Robert S. Yeats • Available at:http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/oer/Earthquake .pdf
    • 53. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org http://opensuny.org
    • 54. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Barriers for OER • Awareness of OER as an option • Discovery of appropriate OER • Evaluating the quality of OER • Logistics of adopting OER • Sustainable publishing of OER
    • 55. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Libraries transformed the conversation around access to research, they can do the same for learning materials
    • 56. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Educational Resources
    • 57. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Libraries & OER Forum Public discussion list intended for academic and research librarians interested in OER. Sign up: http://www.sparc.arl.org/resource/sparc -libraries-oer-forum
    • 58. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OER Campus Project List Resource describing library initiatives to advance OER, for release in April. Add your campus: http://www.sparc.arl.org/issues/oer/cam pus-project-form
    • 59. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org OER Campus Tour SPARC staff will be traveling across the country to educate librarians, students and others about OER. Interested? nicole@sparc.arl.org
    • 60. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Open Education 2014 • Annual OER conference • Nov 19-21, 2014, Washington, DC • Track dedicated to Libraries & OER Learn more: http://www.openedconference.org
    • 61. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org New England OER Summit • Wednesday April 23, 2014 10am-3pm • Shrewsbury, MA • Keynote: Kim Thanos, Lumen Learning • http://bit.ly/newenglandoersummit
    • 62. @txtbksScholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition sparc.arl.org Other Resources http://www.sparc.arl.org/resources http://www.sparc.arl.org/membership Nicole Allen nicole@sparc.arl.org 401-484-8104 @txtbks

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