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2014-03-18 US OER Policy Overview for #OERPolicyWorks
 

2014-03-18 US OER Policy Overview for #OERPolicyWorks

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    2014-03-18 US OER Policy Overview for #OERPolicyWorks 2014-03-18 US OER Policy Overview for #OERPolicyWorks Presentation Transcript

    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition U.S. OER Policy Nicole Allen Director of Open Education, SPARC OER Policy Workshop (#OERPolicyWorks) March 18, 2014 Warsaw, Poland
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition SPARC®, the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, is an international alliance of academic and research libraries working to create a more open system of scholarly communication.
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy Levels • Federal • State • Institutional
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Legislative (makes laws) Executive (enforces laws) Judiciary (interprets laws) Congress Bills (Laws) Resolutions The President Regulations Courts Case Law Executive Actions House Senate Agencies U.S. Federal Structure Plans
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition U.S. State Structure (Same) Legislative (makes laws) Executive (enforces laws) Judiciary (interprets laws) Legislature Bills (Laws) Resolutions Governor Regulations Courts Case Law Executive Actions House Senate Agencies
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition U.S. K-12 Textbooks • Publishing market $18.3 billion (2011) • Textbooks are selected and purchased by states or districts • No federal control over curriculum • 45 states have adopted the “common core” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Higher_education_in_the_United_States http://www.aepweb.org/aepweb/?p=3261&option=com_wordpress&Itemid=68 http://www.corestandards.org/
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Common Core Adoption http://www.corestandards.org/
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition U.S. Higher Ed Textbooks • Textbooks & supplies ~$1,200 per student per year • Textbook market is $8.8 billion per year • Textbooks selected by individual professors and purchased by individual studentshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Higher_education_in_the_United_States http://www.nces.ed.gov/programs/digest
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition “Broken Economics”
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-368 Figure 1: Estimated Increases in New College Textbook Prices, College Tuition and Fees, and Overall Consumer Price Inflation, 2002 to 2012 prices grew by 28 percent. 8 These price increases occurred from December 1986 to December 2004.
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition “65% of students said that they had decided against buying a textbook because it was too expensive… 94% were concerned that doing so would hurt their grade.” -- 2014 report by U.S. PIRG http://www.studentpirgs.org/reports/sp/fixing-broken-textbook-market
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition U.S. OER Advocacy • Policy driven by problems in the system • Wide variety of policies at many different levels • Most victories spearheaded by small coalitions or individual groups • OER Advocacy listserv & monthly call
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policies Investing in OER
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Types of OER Policy 1. Invest resources explicitly in the creation or adoption of OER 2. Inject open licensing into systems that create educational resources 3. Endorse or call for OER 4. Remove barriers to OER * This is a working theory, let’s see if it holds true outside the U.S. *
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Federal Agency Program (2010) http://www.doleta.gov/taaccct/
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition http://www.doleta.gov/taaccct/ Federal Agency Program (2010)
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition http://www.doleta.gov/taaccct/ Federal Agency Program (2010)
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Federal Bill (proposed 2013) http://www.sparc.arl.org/advocacy/national/act Affordable College Textbook Act
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Federal Bill (proposed 2013) http://www.sparc.arl.org/advocacy/national/act Affordable College Textbook Act (3) OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCE- The term `open educational resource' means an educational resource that is licensed under an open license and made freely available online to the public. (4) OPEN LICENSE- The term `open license' means a worldwide, royalty-free, non- exclusive, perpetual, irrevocable copyright license granting the public permission to access, reproduce, publicly perform, publicly display, adapt, distribute, and otherwise use the work and adaptations of the work for any purpose, conditioned only on the requirement that attribution be given to authors as designated.
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition State Bill (2012) Open source textbook bill passes state Legislature http://www.dailycal.org/2012/09/05/open-source-textbook-bill-passes-state-legislature/
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition State Bill (2012) http://apps.leg.wa.gov/billinfo/summary.aspx?bill=2337&year=2011
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Open Licensing Policies
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Institutional Policy (2013) http://www.californiacommunitycolleges.cccco.edu/Portals/0/DocDownloads/PressReleases/SEP2013/PRESS _RELEASE_CreativeCommonsBY_090913_FINAL.pdf
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Federal OER Licensing Bill? SPARC supports FASTR, a bill to expand open access to federally funded research. We are working to build interest in a similar policy for educational resources. http://sparc.arl.org/advocacy/national/fastr
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policies Endorsing OER
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Federal Tech. Plan (2010) 4.3 Support the development and use of open educational resources to promote innovative and creative opportunities for all learners and accelerate the development and adoption of new open technology-based learning tools and courses. The value of open educational resources is now recognized around the world, leading to the availability of a vast array of learning, teaching, and research resources that learners of any age can use across all content areas. Realizing this value will require new policies concerning the evaluation and selection of instructional materials so that digital resources are considered and processes are established for keeping educational resource content up to date, appropriate, and tagged according to identified content interoperability standards. http://www.ed.gov/technology/netp-2010/executive-summary
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Federal Bill (proposed 2013) Transforming Education through Technology Act http://beta.congress.gov/bill/113th-congress/house-bill/521
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition State Resolutions (2013) http://openstates.org/nd/bills/63/HCR3009/documents/NDD00006411/
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Institutional Policy (2004) http://faculty.deanza.fhda.edu/PublicDomain/stories/storyReader$7
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Student Resolution
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policies that Remove Barriers to OER
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Federal Bill (2008) http://www.studentpirgs.org/news/congress-moves-cut-textbook-costs-landmark-bill
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Notable Programs
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition State Program (2012) http://utahopentextbooks.org/2012/01/25/114/
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Provincial Program (2012) http://open.bccampus.ca/
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Institutional Program (2013) http://www.tcc.edu/news/press/2013/TextbookFreeDegree.htm
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Library Program (2011)
    • #oerpolicyworks @txtbks @sparc_na Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition U.S. OER Policy Nicole Allen Director of Open Education, SPARC OER Policy Workshop (#OERPolicyWorks) March 18, 2014 Warsaw, Poland