OER and Solving the               Textbook Cost Crisis                       Open Access Week 2012                       #...
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
Textbooks         cost HOW         much???www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   ...
Textbook Cost Increases vs. InflationTextbook wholesale                                       600%prices have been rising ...
The avg. student spends $1,168     per year on books & supplieswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.o...
The average introductory             textbook costs $176www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | ...
7 in 10 students skip buying one   or more textbook due to costwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.o...
Studies show major publishers      artificially drive up costswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.or...
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
                                                                                  really???                         ...
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
But how can                                                                            publishers get                     ...
$8.8 Billion Industrywww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
5 Playerswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
“Broken Market”www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
Normal Marketwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
“Broken” Textbook Marketwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
Wish we could                                                                   exploit consumers                         ...
Solving the   Textbook Cost Crisiswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekP...
It’s the 21st century! Aren’t e-      books solving this problem?www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs...
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
But…www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
“Students have more options          than ever before”www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @t...
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
Cost-Saving Measures  E-Readers                                                                 39%      E-Books          ...
But, the savings are incremental  and don’t apply for everyonewww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.or...
How Students Say They Would       Prefer to Buy Their Textbooks                                         *                 ...
We need a better solutionwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
Open Educational     Resources (OER)www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWee...
Educational materials offered     under a license allowing the    public to freely use, adapt and       distribute the con...
Definition: “Educational Resources”•     Textbooks                                            •    Tutorials•     Assessme...
Definition: “Open License”Legal permission from the copyrightowner to use the resource freely in thefollowing ways (known ...
Open Educational Resources1. Open Textbooks                                          3. OER RepositoriesOER textbooks     ...
Open textbooks are the               “beachhead” for OERwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | ...
Open Textbook Example:            Collaborative Statisticswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   ...
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
Ordering a                                              print copywww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirg...
Open Textbook Example:           Principles of Economicswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | ...
Read full bookfree online
Option to buyextra items
Who creates OER?www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
Publishers (for-profit)www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
Publishers (non-profit)
Faculty Editorial Boards
State-Sponsored Programs
State-Sponsored Programs
Individual Authorswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
OER as a Solutionwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
Benefits for Students• Affordable access• Allows students to use whatever format  they want   – Print   – Digital• Faculty...
Benefits for Faculty• All students have access to the textbook• Textbook can be adapted to fit the  curriculum rather than...
Benefits for Authors + Publishers• Takes full advantage of technology to  reduce costs• Business models similar to the mos...
Solves the “Broken Market”www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
OER & OAwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
OER & OA: Differences• Educational content (interchangeable) vs.  scholarly research (unique)• Emphasis on creating new co...
OER & OA: Similarities• Prices have risen rapidly, resulting in consumers  losing access• Root of the problem is a “broken...
What You Can Dowww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
What Students Can Do• Speak to faculty, administrators, librarians  and others about textbook costs• Organize educational ...
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
What Faculty Can do• Adopt open textbooks• Spread the word about open textbooks to  colleagues• Sign the faculty statement...
www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
What Administrators Can do• Provide professional support to faculty• Seek input from the students• Join the $1 billion cam...
What Librarians Can do• Work with faculty to adopt open textbooks• Educate campus administrators about the  cost-saving po...
Resourceswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org   |   nicole@studentpirgs.org   | @txtbks   |   #OAWeekPhilly   |
Open Textbooks and Solving   the College Cost Crisis                       Open Access Week 2012                       #OA...
2012-10-24 OER and Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis
2012-10-24 OER and Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis
2012-10-24 OER and Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis
2012-10-24 OER and Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis
2012-10-24 OER and Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis
2012-10-24 OER and Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis
2012-10-24 OER and Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

2012-10-24 OER and Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis

219

Published on

Gave this presentation with Nick Shockey at Temple University, then a longer version at Jefferson University.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
219
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Here today
  • Start out by talking
  • four examples
  • Here today
  • 2012-10-24 OER and Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis

    1. 1. OER and Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis Open Access Week 2012 #OAWeek2012 • #OAWeekPhilly Nicole Allen The Student PIRGs nicole@studentpirgs.org • @txtbkswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    2. 2. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    3. 3. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    4. 4. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    5. 5. Textbooks cost HOW much???www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    6. 6. Textbook Cost Increases vs. InflationTextbook wholesale 600%prices have been rising 500% Textbooksfour times the rate of 400%inflation for the last three Inflationdecades. 300% 200%Source: U.S. Department 100%of Labor Statistics 0% www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    7. 7. The avg. student spends $1,168 per year on books & supplieswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    8. 8. The average introductory textbook costs $176www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    9. 9. 7 in 10 students skip buying one or more textbook due to costwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    10. 10. Studies show major publishers artificially drive up costswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    11. 11. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    12. 12.      really???  www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    13. 13. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    14. 14. But how can publishers get away with this?www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    15. 15. $8.8 Billion Industrywww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    16. 16. 5 Playerswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    17. 17. “Broken Market”www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    18. 18. Normal Marketwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    19. 19. “Broken” Textbook Marketwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    20. 20. Wish we could exploit consumers like that…www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    21. 21. Solving the Textbook Cost Crisiswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    22. 22. It’s the 21st century! Aren’t e- books solving this problem?www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    23. 23. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    24. 24. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    25. 25. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    26. 26. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    27. 27. But…www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    28. 28. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    29. 29. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    30. 30. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    31. 31. “Students have more options than ever before”www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    32. 32. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    33. 33. Cost-Saving Measures E-Readers 39% E-Books 52% Rentals 61%Used Books 25%www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    34. 34. But, the savings are incremental and don’t apply for everyonewww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    35. 35. How Students Say They Would Prefer to Buy Their Textbooks * 25% Prefer digital 34% Rent All 75% 66% Prefer Keep Some print * If forced to choose one or the other. Most students would prefer to have both. Source: Student PIRGswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    36. 36. We need a better solutionwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    37. 37. Open Educational Resources (OER)www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    38. 38. Educational materials offered under a license allowing the public to freely use, adapt and distribute the contentwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    39. 39. Definition: “Educational Resources”• Textbooks • Tutorials• Assessments • Video lectures• Study guides • Graphics• Online courses • Slides• Lecture notes • And so on… www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    40. 40. Definition: “Open License”Legal permission from the copyrightowner to use the resource freely in thefollowing ways (known as the “4 R’s”)• Reuse • Remix• Revise • Redistribute www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    41. 41. Open Educational Resources1. Open Textbooks 3. OER RepositoriesOER textbooks Mix and match• 3,400 adoptions • CNX.org• 1,800 institutions • MERLOT.org• 100+ high-quality books • OERCommons.org • Curriki.org2. OpenCourseWareExisting materials made open• 250+ universities• 17,000+ universities www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    42. 42. Open textbooks are the “beachhead” for OERwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    43. 43. Open Textbook Example: Collaborative Statisticswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    44. 44. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    45. 45. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    46. 46. Ordering a print copywww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    47. 47. Open Textbook Example: Principles of Economicswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    48. 48. Read full bookfree online
    49. 49. Option to buyextra items
    50. 50. Who creates OER?www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    51. 51. Publishers (for-profit)www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    52. 52. Publishers (non-profit)
    53. 53. Faculty Editorial Boards
    54. 54. State-Sponsored Programs
    55. 55. State-Sponsored Programs
    56. 56. Individual Authorswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    57. 57. OER as a Solutionwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    58. 58. Benefits for Students• Affordable access• Allows students to use whatever format they want – Print – Digital• Faculty customization makes for a better learning experiencewww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    59. 59. Benefits for Faculty• All students have access to the textbook• Textbook can be adapted to fit the curriculum rather than adapting the curriculum to fit the textbook• Supports academic freedomwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    60. 60. Benefits for Authors + Publishers• Takes full advantage of technology to reduce costs• Business models similar to the most successful 21st century companies• Authors get wider access to their work, higher royalty percentages.www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    61. 61. Solves the “Broken Market”www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    62. 62. OER & OAwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    63. 63. OER & OA: Differences• Educational content (interchangeable) vs. scholarly research (unique)• Emphasis on creating new content, rather than open-licensing existing content• Creating OER isn’t enough to solve the problem; it must be promoted to get used
    64. 64. OER & OA: Similarities• Prices have risen rapidly, resulting in consumers losing access• Root of the problem is a “broken” market• Faculty are the lynchpin• The solution lies in new publishing models
    65. 65. What You Can Dowww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    66. 66. What Students Can Do• Speak to faculty, administrators, librarians and others about textbook costs• Organize educational events on campus• Call on policymakers to take action• Work with the mediawww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    67. 67. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    68. 68. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    69. 69. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    70. 70. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    71. 71. What Faculty Can do• Adopt open textbooks• Spread the word about open textbooks to colleagues• Sign the faculty statement at studentpirgs.orgwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    72. 72. www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    73. 73. What Administrators Can do• Provide professional support to faculty• Seek input from the students• Join the $1 billion campaign! bit.ly/save1billionwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    74. 74. What Librarians Can do• Work with faculty to adopt open textbooks• Educate campus administrators about the cost-saving potential of OER• Set up grant programs (e.g. Temple, Umass)www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    75. 75. Resourceswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    76. 76. Open Textbooks and Solving the College Cost Crisis Open Access Week 2012 #OAWeek2012 • #OAWeekPhilly Nicole Allen The Student PIRGs nicole@studentpirgs.org • @txtbkswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×