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2012 11-02 OER and Graduate Students (NAGPS Conference)
 

2012 11-02 OER and Graduate Students (NAGPS Conference)

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2012 11-02 OER and Graduate Students (NAGPS Conference) 2012 11-02 OER and Graduate Students (NAGPS Conference) Presentation Transcript

  • Open Educational Resources: Overview and Impact on Graduate Students Nicole Allen The Student PIRGs nicole@studentpirgs.org • @txtbks NAGPS National Conference 2012 November 2, 2012 • Duke Universitywww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • Textbooks cost HOW much?www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • Textbook Cost Increases vs. InflationTextbook wholesale 600%prices have been rising 500% Textbooksfour times the rate of 400%inflation for the last three Inflationdecades. 300% 200%Source: U.S. Department 100%of Labor Statistics 0% www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • Avg. student budget for books & supplies is $1,168* per year * Publishers and bookstores estimate actual spending is lower, but…www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • 7 in 10 students skip buying one or more textbook due to costwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • The average introductory textbook costs $176www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  •      really???  www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • Bundled textbooks cost 10-50% more than the book alone (not even counting lost buyback potential)www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • E-textbooks cost more on avg. than renting print textbookswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • But how can publishers get away with this?www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • $8.8 Billion Industrywww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • 5 Playerswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • “Broken Market”www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • Normal Marketwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OAWeekPhilly |
  • “Broken” Textbook Marketwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • Wish I could exploit people like that…www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • It’s the 21st century! Aren’t e- books solving this problem?www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • OER & OA: Similarities• Prices have risen rapidly, resulting in consumers losing access• Root of the problem is a “broken” market• Faculty are the lynchpin• The solution lies in new publishing models
  • Solving the Textbook Cost Crisiswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • Cost-Saving Measures E-Readers 39% E-Books 52% Rentals 61%Used Books 25%www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • Students have many ways to save, which is good…www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • But to solve the problem, we need something betterwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • Open Educational Resources (OER)www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • Educational materials offered under a license allowing the public to freely use, adapt and distribute the contentwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • Definition: “Educational Resources”• Textbooks • Tutorials• Assessments • Video lectures• Study guides • Graphics• Online courses • Slides• Lecture notes • And so on… www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • Definition: “Open License”Legal permission from the copyrightowner to use the resource freely in thefollowing ways (known as the “4 R’s”)• Reuse • Remix• Revise • Redistribute www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • Open Educational Resources1. Open Textbooks 3. OER RepositoriesOER textbooks Mix and match• 3,400 adoptions • CNX.org• 1,800 institutions • MERLOT.org• 100+ high-quality books • OERCommons.org • Curriki.org2. OpenCourseWareExisting materials made open• 250+ universities• 17,000+ universities www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • OER & OA: Differences• Educational content (interchangeable) vs. scholarly research (unique)• Emphasis on creating new content, rather than open-licensing existing content• Creating OER isn’t enough to solve the problem; it must be promoted to get used
  • Open textbooks are the “beachhead” for OERwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • Example: Open Textbookwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • Open Textbook Publishing Modelswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • Publishers (for-profit)www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • Read full bookfree online
  • Option to buyextra items
  • Publishers (non-profit)
  • Solves the “Broken Market”www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • State-Sponsored Programs
  • Faculty Editorial Boards
  • Individual Authorswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • Open Textbook Adoptionwww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • What You Can Dowww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • What You Can Do1. Support faculty to find and adopt OER (or other low-cost/free curricular resources)www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • What You Can Do1. Support faculty to find and adopt OER (or other low-cost/free curricular resources)2. Get involved in local OER initiativeswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • What You Can Do1. Support faculty to find and adopt OER (or other low-cost/free curricular resources)2. Get local OER initiatives3. Continue helping students save moneywww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • What You Can Do1. Support faculty to find and adopt OER (or other low-cost/free curricular resources)2. Get involved in local OER initiatives3. Continue helping students save money4. Engage students as advocateswww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • www.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |
  • An Overview of the Textbook Market and Strategies to Reduce Costs Nicole Allen The Student PIRGs nicole@studentpirgs.org • @txtbks Textbooks and Their Stakeholders November 1, 2012 • Northeastern Universitywww.MakeTextbooksAffordable.org | nicole@studentpirgs.org | @txtbks | #OpenTextbooks |