Malá veľká krajina LittleBigCountry Gymnázium sv. Tomáša Akvinského
Official name- the Slovak Republic Area: 49,000 km2 Population: 5.5 mil. Capital city: Bratislava Government type:parliamentary democracy Administrative division: 8 counties, 79 districts Official language:Slovak Population in cities and towns: 56% Ethnic groups: Slovaks – 86%, Hungarians-10%, Romany – 2%, Ruthenians– 1%, other Religions:Roman Catholics– 69%, Lutherans– 11%, Greek Catholics – 4%, other
Religioussightsofinterest and reserves of folk architecture
St. Michael’s Chapeland the Urban’sTower proclaimed to be National Cultural Heritage in 1970
St. Michael’s Chapel erected in the 14th century as a burial spot for the St. Elizabeth’s Cathedral there used to be a city graveyard next to the chapel (now a park) in the 17th century - the only place where Slovak holy masses were served
Interior of St.Michael’s Chapel St. Elisabeth’s Cathedral and St.Michael’s Chapel
Litmanová a pilgrimage place in PresovCounty visited yearly by thousands of pilgrims between 1990-1995 Virgin Mary annunciated to 3 children on the hill called Zvir
Church in the village of Žehra theChurchof Holy Spirit - a sacral building from the second half of the 13thcentury the most valuable sights in the church - wall paintings creating a complete iconographic cycle registered in the list of National as well as UNESCO Cultural Heritage
Folk architecture reserves- open-airhistoricalmuseums Osturňa, Plavecký Peter, Podbiel, Sebechleby, Špania dolina, Veľké Leváre, Čičmany, Brhlovce, Vlkolínec, Ždiar
Vlkolínec more than 40 wooden houses from 16th -19thcenturies naturally set into spectacular nature How did our ancestors live? Who were they? What did they deal with? How did they sleep and cook? HERE you will find answers to these questions ! even today approx. 20 people still live in the historical village
Čičmany a village famous for its unique old architecture typical feature: painted log cabins (wooden houses)
Ždiar a village founded in the beginning of the 17thcentury known for its well preserved folk architecture and peculiar folk costumes a very attractive region for tourists
Castles Slovakia is the country that boasts about the big number of castles.
Devín Castle situated at the confluence of the Danube and Morava Rivers built in 864 (one of the oldest castles on the territory of Slovakia) belongs to very important landmarks of Slovak past; a very important monument of Slovak history: - inhabited in the prehistoric times - a part of border fortification system of the Roman Empire called Limes Romanus - a very important protective fortress in the times of Great Moravia
Spišský Castle the largest castle in central Europe founded in the 12thcentury the Romanesque palace(in the northern part) - the oldest and the most important part the seat of the king Jan Zapolsky for several years a National Cultural Monument and belongs to the World Cultural Heritage
Krásna Hôrka Castle the first document dates back to 1333 in the castle: a collection of medieval armours, a chapel, the tomb of Andrassy noble family and a torture chamber, a mummy of one member of the dynasty
BetliarMansion one of the most beautiful mansions in Slovakia situated in the Gemerregion built atthe beginning of the 18th century by Stefan Andrassy presents the collection of valuable pieces of art (china, furniture, armours, jewellery and hunting trophies).. local library possesses more than 20,000 books surrounded by a spectacular English park registered in the list of world historical gardens
BratislavaCastle one of the important landmarks of our capital city Bratislava errectedin the 9th century on the spot of the former old Slavonic settlement in the 16th century Bratislava became the seat of the emperor and for 200 years it was the city where kings of Austro – Habsburg monarchy were crowned these days - a museum; a part of the castle is used for representative purposes by the President, Government and National Assembly
Bojnice Castle the first record dates back to 1113 the last owner Jan Frantisek Palffy had it rebuilt according to French gothic castles on the LoiraRiver Apart from seeing the exposition in the castle visitors can enjoy the Festival of Ghosts and Witches
Trenčiansky Castle a rather big, newly renovated castle built on the lime cliff overlooking the city of Trencin in the west of Slovakia connected with a legend of a great love during the medieval wars with the Turks
Oravský Castle built on the strategically important spot on the route connecting Poland and Austro-Habsburg monarchy erected on a high, narrow and badly accessible cliff one of the most beautiful castles in Slovakia
Badínsky medieval forest Forestpreserved in itsnatural state withoutany interference of human activities. It looks like forests used to look in the Karpaty region many years ago. Quite naturally no public is allowed to enter.
the biggest lake of volcanic origin in Slovakia situated in eastern part of the country in the Vihorlatmountain chain
‘’ Stone waterfall ‘’ made of basalt
the gothic castleŠomoškabuiltfrombasaltbricksissituatedatthe top ofthisnaturaljewel
44 caves and abysses in Slovakia are included among National Natural Sights UNESCO lists -Dobšinská ľadová cave, Domica, Gombasecká cave, Jasovská cave, Krásnohorská cave andOchtinskáaragonitová cave 13 of them are open to public
Dobšinská Ice Cave Length:1,483 m a well-known ice cave of world importance the thickest ice spot =26,5 m
Domica Cave Length: 5,368 m includes important archeological sites many kinds of bats live here There is the small river Styx 140 m long so you can go sailing if you wish
GombaseckáCave A karstcave in the region of Slovenskykras respiratory diseases used to be healed there one of the youngest caves onthe territory of Slovakia
OchtinskáAragonite Cave length: 585 m one of 3 aragonite caves all over the world open to public aragonite keeps growing all the time and this way it maintains its white colour and clear looks
MarkušovskýRocky Mushroom formed by both wind and river activity Height: 8 m
Havrania rock located in the central part of the Slovak Paradise includes several minor caves
Important Slovak Spas History of Slovak spas dates back to the 13th century. There are more than 1,200 known mineral and thermal springs on the territory of Slovakia. As far as the number of mineral springs is concerned Slovakia is one of the richest countries in the world. Important spas in Slovakia: Piešťany, Bardejov, Dudince, Smrdáky, Kováčová, Sliač, Trenčianske Teplice, ...
Bardejovské spa is rich in history. The first written document dates back to 1247 during the reign of king Belo IV. Regular healing therapy started in the 15th century. Bardejovské kúpele
Spa Piešťany World famous spa town Piešťanyis known for thermal mineral water and sulphurous mud. Water temperature is around 67-69 ºC.Its healing effect on kinetic /moving/ parts are extraordinary and unique.
Scenerious environment of Strážovské vrchy and healingeffectsofthermalspringsmake Trenčianske Teplice spaoneoftheoldest and most visited spas in Slovakia. They are calledthe Pearl ofCarpathians. Water temperature reaches up to 40 ºC. Spa Trenčianske Teplice
Technical points of interest Slovakia is the country rich in technical sights. To name some of them we could depict mills, water dams, mining constructions and bridges.
Opal mines Beautiful opals from mines in the eastern Slovakia are admired and famous all over the world . The biggest in the world is the opal called Harlekyn. It was found in Slovakia in 1775, is 13 cm long and weighs 594 grams (2970 carats). Its price is estimated to be $500,000. It is exhibited in the Museum of Natural Sciences in Vienna, Austria. Legendary is also the opal Burning of Troy which is one part of the French Coronation Treasure.
located in the altitude of 2,632 m above the sea level in the High Tatrasregion
the highest point on the territory of Slovakia where people regularly work
One of the biggest tourist attractions in central Slovakia. In the past wood was transported along the picturesque valley, nowadays it is used exclusively by tourists. Čiernohronskárailway track
Kremnická Mine Kremnica is the historical centre of gold-mining in Slovakia as well as the centre of Slovak coinage /mintage/.In the past billions of coins for many countries in the world were coined here. Coins have been made in Kremnica for more than 700 years.