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Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
Eslobakiako aurkezpena
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Eslobakiako aurkezpena

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  • 1. Malá veľká krajina
    LittleBigCountry
    Gymnázium
    sv. Tomáša Akvinského
  • 2. Official name- the Slovak Republic
    Area: 49,000 km2
    Population: 5.5 mil.
    Capital city: Bratislava
    Government type:parliamentary democracy
    Administrative division: 8 counties, 79 districts
    Official language:Slovak
    Population in cities and towns: 56%
    Ethnic groups: Slovaks – 86%, Hungarians-10%, Romany – 2%, Ruthenians– 1%, other
    Religions:Roman Catholics– 69%, Lutherans– 11%, Greek Catholics – 4%, other
  • 3. Religioussightsofinterest
    and
    reserves of folk architecture
  • 4. Červený kláštor - monastery
    • established by monks cartusians in 1319
    the best-known monks who lived there:
    Cyprian
    -collection of curative herbs
    RomualdHadbavny
    - author of Latin-Slovak dictionary
  • 5.
  • 6. St.Elizabeth’s Cathedral
    • the biggest church in Slovakia with the area of 1,200 m2and with capacity of 5,000 people
    • 7. the easternmost gothic dome in Europe
    • 8. alongside with the
    St. Michael’s Chapeland the Urban’sTower proclaimed to be National Cultural Heritage in 1970
  • 9. St. Michael’s Chapel
    erected in the 14th century as a burial spot for the St. Elizabeth’s Cathedral
    there used to be a city graveyard next to the chapel (now a park)
    in the 17th century - the only place where Slovak holy masses were served
  • 10. Interior of St.Michael’s Chapel
    St. Elisabeth’s Cathedral and St.Michael’s Chapel
  • 11. St. Jacob’s Church in Levoča
    • the second biggest in Slovakia, originally gothic
    • 12. on the list of sights included in National Cultural Heritage
    • 13. of great historical value
    the St. Jacob’s altar
    -the highest gothic wooden altar in the world (18,62m high)
    - created by one of the most famous medieval carvers in Europe Master Pavol of Levoča
  • 14. <-- MasterPavol’s altar
  • 15. Wooden churches
    outstanding and unique for their construction which was carried out without using a single metal nail
    some of them are included in the World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO.
  • 16. Hervantov
    Príkra
  • 17. Litmanová
    a pilgrimage place in PresovCounty visited yearly by thousands of pilgrims
    between 1990-1995 Virgin Mary annunciated to 3 children on the hill called Zvir
  • 18. Church in the village of Žehra
    theChurchof Holy Spirit
    - a sacral building from the second half of the 13thcentury
    the most valuable sights in the church - wall paintings creating a complete iconographic cycle
    registered in the list of National as well as UNESCO Cultural Heritage
  • 19. Folk architecture reserves- open-airhistoricalmuseums
    Osturňa,
    Plavecký Peter,
    Podbiel,
    Sebechleby,
    Špania dolina,
    Veľké Leváre,
    Čičmany,
    Brhlovce,
    Vlkolínec,
    Ždiar
  • 20. Vlkolínec
    more than 40 wooden houses from 16th -19thcenturies naturally set into spectacular nature
    How did our ancestors live? Who were they? What did they deal with? How did they sleep and cook? HERE you will find answers to these questions !
    even today approx. 20 people still live in the historical village
  • 21. Čičmany
    a village famous for its unique old architecture
    typical feature: painted log cabins (wooden houses)
  • 22. Ždiar
    a village founded in the beginning of the 17thcentury
    known for its well preserved folk architecture and peculiar folk costumes
    a very attractive region
    for tourists
  • 23. Castles
    Slovakia is the country that boasts about the big number of castles.
  • 24. Devín Castle
    situated at the confluence of the Danube and Morava Rivers
    built in 864 (one of the oldest castles on the territory of Slovakia)
    belongs to very important landmarks of Slovak past; a very important monument of Slovak history:
    - inhabited in the prehistoric times
    - a part of border fortification system of the Roman Empire called Limes Romanus
    - a very important protective fortress in the times of Great Moravia
  • 25. Spišský Castle
    the largest castle in central Europe
    founded in the 12thcentury
    the Romanesque palace(in the northern part) - the oldest and the most important part
    the seat of the king Jan Zapolsky for several years
    a National Cultural Monument and belongs to the World Cultural Heritage
  • 26. Krásna Hôrka Castle
    the first document dates back to 1333
    in the castle: a collection of medieval armours, a chapel, the tomb of Andrassy noble family and a torture chamber, a mummy of one member of the dynasty
  • 27. BetliarMansion
    one of the most beautiful mansions in Slovakia
    situated in the Gemerregion
    built atthe beginning of the 18th century by Stefan Andrassy
    presents the collection of valuable pieces of art (china, furniture, armours, jewellery and hunting trophies)..
    local library possesses more than 20,000 books
    surrounded by a spectacular English park registered in the list of world historical gardens
  • 28. BratislavaCastle
    one of the important landmarks of our capital city Bratislava
    errectedin the 9th century on the spot of the former old Slavonic settlement
    in the 16th century Bratislava became the seat of the emperor and for 200 years it was the city where kings of Austro – Habsburg monarchy were crowned
    these days - a museum; a part of the castle is used for representative purposes by the President, Government and National Assembly
  • 29. Bojnice Castle
    the first record dates back to 1113
    the last owner Jan Frantisek Palffy had it rebuilt according to French gothic castles on the LoiraRiver
    Apart from seeing the exposition in the castle visitors can enjoy the Festival of Ghosts and Witches
  • 30. Trenčiansky Castle
    a rather big, newly renovated castle built on the lime cliff overlooking the city of Trencin in the west of Slovakia
    connected with a legend of a great love during the medieval wars with the Turks
  • 31. Oravský Castle
    built on the strategically important spot on the route connecting Poland and Austro-Habsburg monarchy
    erected on a high, narrow and badly accessible cliff
    one of the most beautiful castles in Slovakia
  • 32. National parks in Slovakia
  • 33. National Park Malá Fatra (NPMF)
    Region: žilinský
    Established: 1988
    Area: 230km2
  • 34. National Park Muránska planina (NPMP)
    Region: banskobystrický
    Established: 1998
    Area: 200km2
  • 35. National Park Nízke Tatry (NAPANT)
    Region: žilinský, banskobystrický
    Established: 1978
    Area: 730km2
  • 36. National Park Poloniny (NPP)
    Region: prešovský
    Place: Bukovské vrchy
    Established: 1997
    Area: 300km2
  • 37. Národný park Slovenský kras (NPSK)
    Region: košický
    Established: 2002
    Area: 350km2
  • 38. National Park Slovenský raj (NPSR)
    Region: košický, prešovský
    Established: 1988
    Area: 200km2
  • 39. National Park Veľká Fatra (NPVF)
    Region: žilinský, banskobystrický
    Established: 2002
    Area: 400km2
  • 40. Pieninský national park (PIENAP)
    Region: prešovský
    Place: Pieniny
    Established: 1967
    Area: 40km2
  • 41. Tatranský national park (TANAP)
    Region: žilinský, prešovský
    Established: 1949
    Area: 740km2
  • 42. Chosen sights of natural value and reserves
  • 43. HerlianskyGeyser
    artificially drilled cold geyser
    eruption lasts for about 25 min. with breaks lasting from 32-40 hrs
  • 44. VrbickéMountain Lake
    • akeof glacier origin
    • 45. the biggest natural lake of this kind in the Low Tatras
    • 46. created after the glacier on the northern side of summit Chopokmelted
  • Silickáľadnica(ice-cave)
    • situated at the altitude of 503 metres (the lowest located cave in the world)
    • 47. created when the ceiling of the older underground dome fell down around 2000 years ago
    • 48. important archeological site
    • 49. included in UNESCO list of natural wonders
  • Badínsky medieval forest
    Forestpreserved in itsnatural state withoutany interference of human activities. It looks like forests used to look in the Karpaty region many years ago. Quite naturally no public is allowed to enter.
  • 50. Morské oko(Sea Eye)
    • the biggest lake of volcanic origin in Slovakia situated in eastern part of the country in the Vihorlatmountain chain
  • Šomoška
     
    • ‘’ Stone waterfall ‘’ made of basalt
    • 51. the gothic castleŠomoškabuiltfrombasaltbricksissituatedatthe top ofthisnaturaljewel
  • Caves
  • 52. 44 caves and abysses in Slovakia are included among National Natural Sights
    UNESCO lists -Dobšinská ľadová cave, Domica, Gombasecká cave, Jasovská cave, Krásnohorská cave andOchtinskáaragonitová cave
    13 of them are open to public
  • 53. Dobšinská Ice Cave
    Length:1,483 m
    a well-known ice cave of world importance
    the thickest ice spot
    =26,5 m
  • 54. Domica Cave
    Length: 5,368 m
    includes important archeological sites
    many kinds of bats live here
    There is the small river Styx 140 m long so you can go sailing if you wish 
  • 55. GombaseckáCave
    A karstcave in the region of Slovenskykras
    respiratory diseases used to be healed there
    one of the youngest caves onthe territory of Slovakia
  • 56. OchtinskáAragonite Cave
    length: 585 m
    one of 3 aragonite caves all over the world open to public
    aragonite keeps growing all the time and this way it maintains its white colour and clear looks
  • 57. Interesting rock formations
  • 58. MarkušovskýRocky Mushroom
    formed by both wind and river activity
    Height: 8 m
  • 59. Havrania rock
    located in the central part of the Slovak Paradise
    includes several minor caves
  • 60. Important Slovak Spas
    History of Slovak spas dates back to the 13th century. There are more than 1,200 known mineral and thermal springs on the territory of Slovakia.
    As far as the number of mineral springs is concerned Slovakia is one of the richest countries in the world.
    Important spas in Slovakia: Piešťany, Bardejov, Dudince, Smrdáky, Kováčová, Sliač, Trenčianske Teplice, ...
  • 61. Bardejovské spa is rich in history. The first written document dates back to 1247 during the reign of king Belo IV. Regular healing therapy started in the 15th century. 
    Bardejovské kúpele
  • 62. Spa Piešťany
    World famous spa town Piešťanyis known for thermal mineral water and sulphurous mud. Water temperature is around 67-69 ºC.Its healing effect on kinetic /moving/ parts are extraordinary and unique.
  • 63. Scenerious environment of Strážovské vrchy and healingeffectsofthermalspringsmake Trenčianske Teplice spaoneoftheoldest and most visited spas in Slovakia. They are calledthe Pearl ofCarpathians. Water temperature reaches up to 40 ºC.
    Spa Trenčianske Teplice
  • 64. Technical points of interest
    Slovakia is the country rich in technical sights. To name some of them we could depict mills, water dams, mining constructions and bridges.
  • 65. Opal mines
    Beautiful opals from mines in the eastern Slovakia are admired and famous all over the world .
    The biggest in the world is the opal called Harlekyn. It was found in Slovakia in 1775, is 13 cm long and weighs 594 grams (2970 carats). Its price is estimated to be $500,000. It is exhibited in the Museum of Natural Sciences in Vienna, Austria.
    Legendary is also the opal Burning of Troy which is one part of the French Coronation Treasure.
  • 66. Opál Harlekýn
  • 67. Observatory on Lomnicky Peak
    • located in the altitude of 2,632 m above the sea level in the High Tatrasregion
    • 68. the highest point on the territory of Slovakia where people regularly work
  • One of the biggest tourist attractions in central Slovakia. In the past wood was transported along the picturesque valley, nowadays it is used exclusively by tourists.
    Čiernohronskárailway track
  • 69. Kremnická Mine
    Kremnica is the historical centre of gold-mining in Slovakia as well as the centre of Slovak coinage /mintage/.In the past billions of coins for many countries in the world were coined here. Coins have been made in Kremnica for more than 700 years.

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