Eslobakiako aurkezpena


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Eslobakiako aurkezpena

  1. 1. Malá veľká krajina<br />LittleBigCountry<br />Gymnázium <br />sv. Tomáša Akvinského<br />
  2. 2. Official name- the Slovak Republic<br />Area: 49,000 km2<br />Population: 5.5 mil.<br />Capital city: Bratislava<br />Government type:parliamentary democracy<br />Administrative division: 8 counties, 79 districts<br />Official language:Slovak<br />Population in cities and towns: 56%<br />Ethnic groups: Slovaks – 86%, Hungarians-10%, Romany – 2%, Ruthenians– 1%, other<br />Religions:Roman Catholics– 69%, Lutherans– 11%, Greek Catholics – 4%, other<br />
  3. 3. Religioussightsofinterest<br />and <br />reserves of folk architecture<br />
  4. 4. Červený kláštor - monastery<br /><ul><li>established by monks cartusians in 1319 </li></ul>the best-known monks who lived there: <br />Cyprian<br />-collection of curative herbs <br />RomualdHadbavny<br /> - author of Latin-Slovak dictionary<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. St.Elizabeth’s Cathedral<br /><ul><li>the biggest church in Slovakia with the area of 1,200 m2and with capacity of 5,000 people
  7. 7. the easternmost gothic dome in Europe
  8. 8. alongside with the </li></ul>St. Michael’s Chapeland the Urban’sTower proclaimed to be National Cultural Heritage in 1970<br />
  9. 9. St. Michael’s Chapel<br />erected in the 14th century as a burial spot for the St. Elizabeth’s Cathedral <br />there used to be a city graveyard next to the chapel (now a park)<br />in the 17th century - the only place where Slovak holy masses were served<br />
  10. 10. Interior of St.Michael’s Chapel<br />St. Elisabeth’s Cathedral and St.Michael’s Chapel<br />
  11. 11. St. Jacob’s Church in Levoča<br /><ul><li>the second biggest in Slovakia, originally gothic
  12. 12. on the list of sights included in National Cultural Heritage
  13. 13. of great historical value</li></ul>the St. Jacob’s altar<br /> -the highest gothic wooden altar in the world (18,62m high)<br />- created by one of the most famous medieval carvers in Europe Master Pavol of Levoča<br />
  14. 14. <-- MasterPavol’s altar<br />
  15. 15. Wooden churches<br />outstanding and unique for their construction which was carried out without using a single metal nail<br />some of them are included in the World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO.<br />
  16. 16. Hervantov<br />Príkra<br />
  17. 17. Litmanová<br />a pilgrimage place in PresovCounty visited yearly by thousands of pilgrims<br />between 1990-1995 Virgin Mary annunciated to 3 children on the hill called Zvir<br />
  18. 18. Church in the village of Žehra<br />theChurchof Holy Spirit<br /> - a sacral building from the second half of the 13thcentury<br />the most valuable sights in the church - wall paintings creating a complete iconographic cycle<br />registered in the list of National as well as UNESCO Cultural Heritage<br />
  19. 19. Folk architecture reserves- open-airhistoricalmuseums<br />Osturňa, <br />Plavecký Peter, <br />Podbiel, <br />Sebechleby, <br />Špania dolina, <br />Veľké Leváre, <br />Čičmany, <br />Brhlovce, <br />Vlkolínec, <br />Ždiar<br />
  20. 20. Vlkolínec<br />more than 40 wooden houses from 16th -19thcenturies naturally set into spectacular nature<br />How did our ancestors live? Who were they? What did they deal with? How did they sleep and cook? HERE you will find answers to these questions !<br />even today approx. 20 people still live in the historical village<br />
  21. 21. Čičmany<br />a village famous for its unique old architecture<br />typical feature: painted log cabins (wooden houses)<br />
  22. 22. Ždiar<br />a village founded in the beginning of the 17thcentury<br />known for its well preserved folk architecture and peculiar folk costumes<br />a very attractive region<br /> for tourists<br />
  23. 23. Castles<br />Slovakia is the country that boasts about the big number of castles.<br />
  24. 24. Devín Castle<br />situated at the confluence of the Danube and Morava Rivers<br />built in 864 (one of the oldest castles on the territory of Slovakia)<br />belongs to very important landmarks of Slovak past; a very important monument of Slovak history:<br /> - inhabited in the prehistoric times<br /> - a part of border fortification system of the Roman Empire called Limes Romanus<br /> - a very important protective fortress in the times of Great Moravia<br />
  25. 25. Spišský Castle<br />the largest castle in central Europe<br />founded in the 12thcentury<br />the Romanesque palace(in the northern part) - the oldest and the most important part <br />the seat of the king Jan Zapolsky for several years<br />a National Cultural Monument and belongs to the World Cultural Heritage<br />
  26. 26. Krásna Hôrka Castle<br />the first document dates back to 1333<br />in the castle: a collection of medieval armours, a chapel, the tomb of Andrassy noble family and a torture chamber, a mummy of one member of the dynasty<br />
  27. 27. BetliarMansion<br />one of the most beautiful mansions in Slovakia <br />situated in the Gemerregion<br />built atthe beginning of the 18th century by Stefan Andrassy<br />presents the collection of valuable pieces of art (china, furniture, armours, jewellery and hunting trophies)..<br />local library possesses more than 20,000 books<br />surrounded by a spectacular English park registered in the list of world historical gardens<br />
  28. 28. BratislavaCastle<br />one of the important landmarks of our capital city Bratislava<br />errectedin the 9th century on the spot of the former old Slavonic settlement<br />in the 16th century Bratislava became the seat of the emperor and for 200 years it was the city where kings of Austro – Habsburg monarchy were crowned<br />these days - a museum; a part of the castle is used for representative purposes by the President, Government and National Assembly <br />
  29. 29. Bojnice Castle<br />the first record dates back to 1113<br />the last owner Jan Frantisek Palffy had it rebuilt according to French gothic castles on the LoiraRiver <br />Apart from seeing the exposition in the castle visitors can enjoy the Festival of Ghosts and Witches<br />
  30. 30. Trenčiansky Castle<br />a rather big, newly renovated castle built on the lime cliff overlooking the city of Trencin in the west of Slovakia<br />connected with a legend of a great love during the medieval wars with the Turks<br />
  31. 31. Oravský Castle<br />built on the strategically important spot on the route connecting Poland and Austro-Habsburg monarchy<br />erected on a high, narrow and badly accessible cliff<br />one of the most beautiful castles in Slovakia<br />
  32. 32. National parks in Slovakia<br />
  33. 33. National Park Malá Fatra (NPMF)<br />Region: žilinský<br />Established: 1988<br />Area: 230km2<br />
  34. 34. National Park Muránska planina (NPMP)<br />Region: banskobystrický<br />Established: 1998<br />Area: 200km2<br />
  35. 35. National Park Nízke Tatry (NAPANT)<br />Region: žilinský, banskobystrický<br />Established: 1978<br />Area: 730km2<br />
  36. 36. National Park Poloniny (NPP)<br />Region: prešovský<br />Place: Bukovské vrchy<br />Established: 1997<br />Area: 300km2<br />
  37. 37. Národný park Slovenský kras (NPSK)<br />Region: košický <br />Established: 2002<br />Area: 350km2<br />
  38. 38. National Park Slovenský raj (NPSR)<br />Region: košický, prešovský <br />Established: 1988<br />Area: 200km2<br />
  39. 39. National Park Veľká Fatra (NPVF)<br />Region: žilinský, banskobystrický<br />Established: 2002<br />Area: 400km2<br />
  40. 40. Pieninský national park (PIENAP)<br />Region: prešovský<br />Place: Pieniny<br />Established: 1967<br />Area: 40km2<br />
  41. 41. Tatranský national park (TANAP)<br />Region: žilinský, prešovský <br />Established: 1949<br />Area: 740km2 <br />
  42. 42. Chosen sights of natural value and reserves<br />
  43. 43. HerlianskyGeyser<br />artificially drilled cold geyser<br />eruption lasts for about 25 min. with breaks lasting from 32-40 hrs<br />
  44. 44. VrbickéMountain Lake<br /><ul><li>akeof glacier origin
  45. 45. the biggest natural lake of this kind in the Low Tatras
  46. 46. created after the glacier on the northern side of summit Chopokmelted</li></li></ul><li>Silickáľadnica(ice-cave)<br /><ul><li>situated at the altitude of 503 metres (the lowest located cave in the world)
  47. 47. created when the ceiling of the older underground dome fell down around 2000 years ago
  48. 48. important archeological site
  49. 49. included in UNESCO list of natural wonders</li></li></ul><li>Badínsky medieval forest<br />Forestpreserved in itsnatural state withoutany interference of human activities. It looks like forests used to look in the Karpaty region many years ago. Quite naturally no public is allowed to enter.<br />
  50. 50. Morské oko(Sea Eye)<br /><ul><li>the biggest lake of volcanic origin in Slovakia situated in eastern part of the country in the Vihorlatmountain chain</li></li></ul><li>Šomoška<br /> <br /><ul><li>‘’ Stone waterfall ‘’ made of basalt
  51. 51. the gothic castleŠomoškabuiltfrombasaltbricksissituatedatthe top ofthisnaturaljewel</li></li></ul><li>Caves<br />
  52. 52. 44 caves and abysses in Slovakia are included among National Natural Sights<br /> UNESCO lists -Dobšinská ľadová cave, Domica, Gombasecká cave, Jasovská cave, Krásnohorská cave andOchtinskáaragonitová cave<br />13 of them are open to public<br />
  53. 53. Dobšinská Ice Cave<br />Length:1,483 m<br />a well-known ice cave of world importance<br />the thickest ice spot<br /> =26,5 m<br />
  54. 54. Domica Cave<br />Length: 5,368 m <br />includes important archeological sites<br />many kinds of bats live here<br />There is the small river Styx 140 m long so you can go sailing if you wish <br />
  55. 55. GombaseckáCave<br />A karstcave in the region of Slovenskykras<br />respiratory diseases used to be healed there<br />one of the youngest caves onthe territory of Slovakia<br />
  56. 56. OchtinskáAragonite Cave<br />length: 585 m<br />one of 3 aragonite caves all over the world open to public<br />aragonite keeps growing all the time and this way it maintains its white colour and clear looks<br />
  57. 57. Interesting rock formations<br />
  58. 58. MarkušovskýRocky Mushroom<br />formed by both wind and river activity<br />Height: 8 m<br />
  59. 59. Havrania rock<br />located in the central part of the Slovak Paradise<br />includes several minor caves<br />
  60. 60. Important Slovak Spas<br />History of Slovak spas dates back to the 13th century. There are more than 1,200 known mineral and thermal springs on the territory of Slovakia. <br />As far as the number of mineral springs is concerned Slovakia is one of the richest countries in the world. <br />Important spas in Slovakia: Piešťany, Bardejov, Dudince, Smrdáky, Kováčová, Sliač, Trenčianske Teplice, ...<br />
  61. 61. Bardejovské spa is rich in history. The first written document dates back to 1247 during the reign of king Belo IV. Regular healing therapy started in the 15th century. <br />Bardejovské kúpele<br />
  62. 62. Spa Piešťany<br />World famous spa town Piešťanyis known for thermal mineral water and sulphurous mud. Water temperature is around 67-69 ºC.Its healing effect on kinetic /moving/ parts are extraordinary and unique.<br />
  63. 63. Scenerious environment of Strážovské vrchy and healingeffectsofthermalspringsmake Trenčianske Teplice spaoneoftheoldest and most visited spas in Slovakia. They are calledthe Pearl ofCarpathians. Water temperature reaches up to 40 ºC.<br />Spa Trenčianske Teplice<br />
  64. 64. Technical points of interest<br /> Slovakia is the country rich in technical sights. To name some of them we could depict mills, water dams, mining constructions and bridges.<br />
  65. 65. Opal mines<br />Beautiful opals from mines in the eastern Slovakia are admired and famous all over the world .<br /> The biggest in the world is the opal called Harlekyn. It was found in Slovakia in 1775, is 13 cm long and weighs 594 grams (2970 carats). Its price is estimated to be $500,000. It is exhibited in the Museum of Natural Sciences in Vienna, Austria. <br />Legendary is also the opal Burning of Troy which is one part of the French Coronation Treasure. <br />
  66. 66. Opál Harlekýn<br />
  67. 67. Observatory on Lomnicky Peak<br /><ul><li>located in the altitude of 2,632 m above the sea level in the High Tatrasregion
  68. 68. the highest point on the territory of Slovakia where people regularly work</li></li></ul><li>One of the biggest tourist attractions in central Slovakia. In the past wood was transported along the picturesque valley, nowadays it is used exclusively by tourists.<br />Čiernohronskárailway track<br />
  69. 69. Kremnická Mine<br />Kremnica is the historical centre of gold-mining in Slovakia as well as the centre of Slovak coinage /mintage/.In the past billions of coins for many countries in the world were coined here. Coins have been made in Kremnica for more than 700 years.<br />