US History Ch 8.2

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  • 1. U.S. History Chapter 8: Forming a Government Section 2: Problems in the New Nation
  • 2. What are some reasons that the United States is the world’s most powerful country?
  • 3.  
  • 4. A Lack of Respect
    • Congress could not force states to provide soldiers for an army
    • Difficult to protect citizens & interests
    The Articles of Confederation
  • 5. A Lack of Respect
    • Difficult to enforce international treaties
    • Great Britain would not give up forts
    Singing the Treaty of Paris
  • 6. A Lack of Respect
    • Spain closed the lower Mississippi River to US ships
    View of the Mississippi River
  • 7. Trouble with Trade
    • Great Britain closed many of its ports to American ships
    • American merchants forced to pay high tariffs on U.S. exports
  • 8. Trouble with Trade
    • Farmers no longer able to export goods to British West Indies
    • Forced to hire expensive British ships to carry goods to British markets
  • 9. Trouble with Trade
    • Great Britain closed many of its ports to American ships
    • American merchants forced to pay high tariffs on U.S. exports
  • 10. Trouble with Trade
    • British selling goods cheap goods in America
    • Hurt American businesses
  • 11. Trouble with Trade
    • Congress did not have the power to pass tariffs
    • Tariffs —taxes on imports or exports
  • 12. Economic Problems at Home
    • Congress had no power to regulate interstate commerce
    • Interstate Commerce —trade between two or more states
  • 13. Economic Problems at Home
    • Each state followed their own commercial interests
    • Made business difficult for merchants doing business across state lines
  • 14. Economic Problems at Home
    • States struggled with war debt and tax collection
    • Printed large amounts of papers money
  • 15. Economic Problems at Home
    • Inflation —increased prices for goods and services combined with the reduced value of money
  • 16. 1934
  • 17. Today
  • 18.
    • Congress powerless to stop states from issuing paper money
    • Paper money was almost worthless
    Economic Problems at Home
  • 19. Economic Problems at Home
    • Debtors —people who owe money
    • Creditors —people who lend money
    • Inflation and loss of trade lead to a depression
  • 20. Debt in Massachusetts
    • Massachusetts did not print paper money
    • Tried to pay for war debt by collecting taxes on land
  • 21. Debt in Massachusetts
    • Hit farmers hard
    • Had to pay debts in gold or silver
  • 22. Debt in Massachusetts
    • Courts forced people to sell land or go to prison
  • 23. Shay’s Rebellion
    • Angry farmers began to revolt
    • Shut down courts in western part of state
  • 24. Shay’s Rebellion
    • Daniel Shays—leader of rebels
    • Farmer and Revolutionary War veteran
    Daniel Shays
  • 25. Shay’s Rebellion
    • Massachusetts government asked national government for help
    • Little it could do
    • Weakness of Confederation government
  • 26. Shay’s Rebellion
    • Reactions:
      • Example of citizens freely expressing their opinions about government
      • Embarrassment
  • 27. A Push for Change
    • 1786: Virginia calls for a national conference to change the Articles
    • Sept 1786: 5 states send delegates to Annapolis Convention
    Annapolis Convention Report
  • 28. A Push for Change
    • Annapolis convention calls on all 13 States to send delegates to a Constitutional Convention in May 1783
    Maryland Statehouse—site of Annapolis Convention