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US History Ch 7.4
 

US History Ch 7.4

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  • Question for thought: How might you try to defeat a more powerful army?

US History Ch 7.4 US History Ch 7.4 Presentation Transcript

  • U.S. History Chapter 7: The American Revolution Section 4: The Patriots Gain New Hope
  • Victory in New Jersey
    • November 1776: Howe captured New York
    • Settle in for winter
    General William Howe
  • Victory in New Jersey
    • New Jersey left in Hessian control
  • Victory in New Jersey
    • Battle of Trenton —battle in which Washington’s troops crossed the Delaware to launch a surprise attack
  • Victory in New Jersey December 25, 1776: Washington & troops cross icy Delaware River
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  • Victory in New Jersey
    • Battle of Trenton:
      • Patriot victory
      • 900 Hessians captured, 5 American casualties
      • Morale boost
  • Victory in New Jersey
    • Battle of Princeton —battle in which Patriots circled a British camp in the dark & attacked in the morning
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  • Victory in New Jersey
    • Battle of Princeton
      • Campfires left burning
      • Circles behind British troops
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  • Victory in New Jersey
    • Battle of Princeton
      • Patriot Victory
      • Second of Washington’s three battlefield victories
  • Turning Point at Saratoga
    • British embarrassed
    • Devise plan to cut off New England
  • Turning Point at Saratoga
    • General John Burgoyne to recapture Ft. Ticonderoga & move south
  • Turning Point at Saratoga
    • A second for will march east from Lake Ontario
  • Turning Point at Saratoga
    • General Howe will move north from New York City
  • Turning Point at Saratoga
    • All three forces to converge at Albany
  • Turning Point at Saratoga
    • July 1777: Burgoyne captures Ticonderoga
    • Path to Albany difficult
    John Burgoyne
  • Turning Point at Saratoga
    • Howe decides to attack Philadelphia
    • Meets George Washington along the way
    General William Howe
  • Turning Point at Saratoga
    • September 11, 1777: Patriots defeated at Brandywine Creek
  • Turning Point at Saratoga
    • Howe & force from Ontario area delayed
    • Burgoyne greatly outnumbered
  • Turning Point at Saratoga
    • Battle of Saratoga —marked a major turning point in the Revolutionary War
  • Turning Point at Saratoga
    • General Horatio Gates drove back a British attack
    Horatio Gates
  • Turning Point at Saratoga
    • Benedict Arnold staged a charge that led to a British retreat
    Benedict Arnold
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  • Turning Point at Saratoga
    • October 17, 1777: Burgoyne surrenders to Gates
  • Turning Point at Saratoga
    • Effects:
      • Morale boost
      • Increased foreign support
  • Foreign Aid France Spain
  • Foreign Aid
    • Bernardo de Galvez
      • Spanish governor of Louisiana
      • Attacked British forts along Mississippi River & Florida
    Bernardo de Galvez
  • Galveston Island named in honor
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  • Foreign Aid
    • Marquis de Lafayette:
      • Arrived Summer 1777
      • Wounded at Brandywine Creek
      • Gave money to support Revolution
    Marquis de Lafayette
  • Winter at Valley Forge
    • December 1777: troops settle at Valley Forge for winter
    • Food & clothing shortages
    • 1/5 of soldiers died
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  • Winter at Valley Forge
    • Friedrich von Steuben:
      • Prussian
      • Taught troops drill procedure
    Friedrich von Steuben
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  • The War at Sea
    • Navy & Marines established 1775
    • Feb 1776: only 8 ships
    • British had large navy
    • Strategy: attack individual ships
  • The War at Sea
    • John Paul Jones —responsible for much of America’s naval success
    John Paul Jones
  • “ I have not yet begun to fight!”
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