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US History Ch 7.4
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US History Ch 7.4

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  • Question for thought: How might you try to defeat a more powerful army?
  • Transcript

    • 1. U.S. History Chapter 7: The American Revolution Section 4: The Patriots Gain New Hope
    • 2. Victory in New Jersey
      • November 1776: Howe captured New York
      • Settle in for winter
      General William Howe
    • 3. Victory in New Jersey
      • New Jersey left in Hessian control
    • 4. Victory in New Jersey
      • Battle of Trenton —battle in which Washington’s troops crossed the Delaware to launch a surprise attack
    • 5. Victory in New Jersey December 25, 1776: Washington & troops cross icy Delaware River
    • 6.  
    • 7.  
    • 8.  
    • 9.  
    • 10.  
    • 11. Victory in New Jersey
      • Battle of Trenton:
        • Patriot victory
        • 900 Hessians captured, 5 American casualties
        • Morale boost
    • 12. Victory in New Jersey
      • Battle of Princeton —battle in which Patriots circled a British camp in the dark & attacked in the morning
    • 13.  
    • 14. Victory in New Jersey
      • Battle of Princeton
        • Campfires left burning
        • Circles behind British troops
    • 15.  
    • 16. Victory in New Jersey
      • Battle of Princeton
        • Patriot Victory
        • Second of Washington’s three battlefield victories
    • 17. Turning Point at Saratoga
      • British embarrassed
      • Devise plan to cut off New England
    • 18. Turning Point at Saratoga
      • General John Burgoyne to recapture Ft. Ticonderoga & move south
    • 19. Turning Point at Saratoga
      • A second for will march east from Lake Ontario
    • 20. Turning Point at Saratoga
      • General Howe will move north from New York City
    • 21. Turning Point at Saratoga
      • All three forces to converge at Albany
    • 22. Turning Point at Saratoga
      • July 1777: Burgoyne captures Ticonderoga
      • Path to Albany difficult
      John Burgoyne
    • 23. Turning Point at Saratoga
      • Howe decides to attack Philadelphia
      • Meets George Washington along the way
      General William Howe
    • 24. Turning Point at Saratoga
      • September 11, 1777: Patriots defeated at Brandywine Creek
    • 25. Turning Point at Saratoga
      • Howe & force from Ontario area delayed
      • Burgoyne greatly outnumbered
    • 26. Turning Point at Saratoga
      • Battle of Saratoga —marked a major turning point in the Revolutionary War
    • 27. Turning Point at Saratoga
      • General Horatio Gates drove back a British attack
      Horatio Gates
    • 28. Turning Point at Saratoga
      • Benedict Arnold staged a charge that led to a British retreat
      Benedict Arnold
    • 29.  
    • 30. Turning Point at Saratoga
      • October 17, 1777: Burgoyne surrenders to Gates
    • 31. Turning Point at Saratoga
      • Effects:
        • Morale boost
        • Increased foreign support
    • 32. Foreign Aid France Spain
    • 33. Foreign Aid
      • Bernardo de Galvez
        • Spanish governor of Louisiana
        • Attacked British forts along Mississippi River & Florida
      Bernardo de Galvez
    • 34. Galveston Island named in honor
    • 35.  
    • 36. Foreign Aid
      • Marquis de Lafayette:
        • Arrived Summer 1777
        • Wounded at Brandywine Creek
        • Gave money to support Revolution
      Marquis de Lafayette
    • 37. Winter at Valley Forge
      • December 1777: troops settle at Valley Forge for winter
      • Food & clothing shortages
      • 1/5 of soldiers died
    • 38.  
    • 39.  
    • 40.  
    • 41. Winter at Valley Forge
      • Friedrich von Steuben:
        • Prussian
        • Taught troops drill procedure
      Friedrich von Steuben
    • 42.  
    • 43. The War at Sea
      • Navy & Marines established 1775
      • Feb 1776: only 8 ships
      • British had large navy
      • Strategy: attack individual ships
    • 44. The War at Sea
      • John Paul Jones —responsible for much of America’s naval success
      John Paul Jones
    • 45. “ I have not yet begun to fight!”
    • 46.  
    • 47.  

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