U.S. History Chapter 7:  The American Revolution Section 3:  Dark Hours for the Revolution
3-9-1
The Crisis By Thomas Paine
Comparing Strengths & Weaknesses <ul><li>British Advantage </li></ul><ul><li>More money and resources </li></ul><ul><li>Or...
Comparing Strengths & Weaknesses <ul><li>American Advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting on home turf </li></ul><ul><li>Many...
Comparing Strengths & Weaknesses <ul><li>Mercenaries —hired foreign soldiers </li></ul>
Hessian Mercenaries
A Call to Arms <ul><li>Washington’s first task: organize & raise an army </li></ul><ul><li>230K in Continental Army, 145K ...
A Call to Arms <ul><li>Southerners objected to African Americans serving  </li></ul><ul><li>Washington banned blacks from ...
A Call to Arms <ul><li>Lord Dunmore’s Proclamation —offered freedom to any slave who fought for the British </li></ul>John...
A Call to Arms <ul><li>Ban lifted </li></ul><ul><li>5,000 African Americans served </li></ul>
Other Sources of Help <ul><li>Thayendanega aka Joseph Brant —Mohawk leader who persuaded the Iroquois to support the Briti...
Other Sources of Help <ul><li>Women: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ran businesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raised money </li></u...
Deborah Sampson
Mary Ludwig Hays aka Molly Pitcher
 
British Victories <ul><li>Offensive vs. Defensive War </li></ul><ul><li>Make Canada “14 th  Colony” </li></ul>
British Victories <ul><li>General Richard Montgomery leads forces into Canada </li></ul>General Richard Montgomery
<ul><li>November 1775:  Patriot forces capture St. John’s & Montreal </li></ul>
British Victories <ul><li>Benedict Arnold leads forces to Quebec </li></ul>Benedict Arnold
 
British Victories <ul><li>Arnold waits for Montgomery </li></ul><ul><li>No cannons </li></ul>
 
British Victories <ul><li>Wait for snowstorm to provide cover </li></ul><ul><li>December 31, 1775:  attack launched </li><...
British Victories <ul><li>Crushing defeat </li></ul><ul><li>More than half of Patriot soldiers captured, killed, or wounde...
British Victories <ul><li>General Richard Montgomery killed </li></ul>
British Victories <ul><li>Washington moves troops to New York </li></ul><ul><li>July 1776:  British fleet arrives in NY Ba...
British Victories <ul><li>British troops led by William Howe </li></ul>William Howe
<ul><li>Continentals driven off of Long Island </li></ul><ul><li>Retreat to Manhattan Island </li></ul>
British Victories <ul><li>Washington continued to retreat in a series of battles </li></ul><ul><li>Many Patriots captured ...
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US History Ch 7.3

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  • US History Ch 7.3

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 7: The American Revolution Section 3: Dark Hours for the Revolution
    2. 2. 3-9-1
    3. 3. The Crisis By Thomas Paine
    4. 4. Comparing Strengths & Weaknesses <ul><li>British Advantage </li></ul><ul><li>More money and resources </li></ul><ul><li>Organized & Well trained Army </li></ul><ul><li>Most powerful Navy in the world </li></ul><ul><li>American Disadvantage </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer resources </li></ul><ul><li>Poorly trained local militias </li></ul><ul><li>No navy at beginning of war </li></ul>
    5. 5. Comparing Strengths & Weaknesses <ul><li>American Advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting on home turf </li></ul><ul><li>Many Americans supported the Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Fought for cause they believed in </li></ul><ul><li>British Disadvantage </li></ul><ul><li>Had to ship supplies long distances </li></ul><ul><li>Harassed by local citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Hired mercenaries </li></ul>
    6. 6. Comparing Strengths & Weaknesses <ul><li>Mercenaries —hired foreign soldiers </li></ul>
    7. 7. Hessian Mercenaries
    8. 8. A Call to Arms <ul><li>Washington’s first task: organize & raise an army </li></ul><ul><li>230K in Continental Army, 145K in local militias </li></ul><ul><li>Few had combat experience </li></ul>
    9. 9. A Call to Arms <ul><li>Southerners objected to African Americans serving </li></ul><ul><li>Washington banned blacks from serving </li></ul>
    10. 10. A Call to Arms <ul><li>Lord Dunmore’s Proclamation —offered freedom to any slave who fought for the British </li></ul>John Murray aka Lord Dunmore
    11. 11. A Call to Arms <ul><li>Ban lifted </li></ul><ul><li>5,000 African Americans served </li></ul>
    12. 12. Other Sources of Help <ul><li>Thayendanega aka Joseph Brant —Mohawk leader who persuaded the Iroquois to support the British </li></ul>Thayendanega aka Jospeh Brant
    13. 13. Other Sources of Help <ul><li>Women: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ran businesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raised money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sewing groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spies & Messengers </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Deborah Sampson
    15. 15. Mary Ludwig Hays aka Molly Pitcher
    16. 17. British Victories <ul><li>Offensive vs. Defensive War </li></ul><ul><li>Make Canada “14 th Colony” </li></ul>
    17. 18. British Victories <ul><li>General Richard Montgomery leads forces into Canada </li></ul>General Richard Montgomery
    18. 19. <ul><li>November 1775: Patriot forces capture St. John’s & Montreal </li></ul>
    19. 20. British Victories <ul><li>Benedict Arnold leads forces to Quebec </li></ul>Benedict Arnold
    20. 22. British Victories <ul><li>Arnold waits for Montgomery </li></ul><ul><li>No cannons </li></ul>
    21. 24. British Victories <ul><li>Wait for snowstorm to provide cover </li></ul><ul><li>December 31, 1775: attack launched </li></ul>
    22. 25. British Victories <ul><li>Crushing defeat </li></ul><ul><li>More than half of Patriot soldiers captured, killed, or wounded </li></ul>
    23. 26. British Victories <ul><li>General Richard Montgomery killed </li></ul>
    24. 27. British Victories <ul><li>Washington moves troops to New York </li></ul><ul><li>July 1776: British fleet arrives in NY Bay </li></ul>
    25. 28. British Victories <ul><li>British troops led by William Howe </li></ul>William Howe
    26. 29. <ul><li>Continentals driven off of Long Island </li></ul><ul><li>Retreat to Manhattan Island </li></ul>
    27. 30. British Victories <ul><li>Washington continued to retreat in a series of battles </li></ul><ul><li>Many Patriots captured or killed </li></ul><ul><li>Washington pushed into New Jersey </li></ul>
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