US History Ch 6.1

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  • US History Ch 6.1

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 6: Conflicts in the Colonies Section 1: Trouble on the Frontier
    2. 2. Colonists’ Relations with American Indians 1620: Pilgrims arrive in Massachusetts
    3. 3. Colonists’ Relations with American Indians 1621: Chief Massasoit of the Wampanoag signed a peace treaty with the Pilgrims
    4. 5. Colonists’ Relations with American Indians “ I am determined not to live until I have no country” --Metacomet
    5. 6. Colonists’ Relations with American Indians <ul><li>Metacomet: Wampanoag chief who led Indian tribes in King Philip’s War </li></ul>Metacomet a.k.a. “King Philip”
    6. 7. Colonists’ Relations with American Indians <ul><li>Militia —body of civilians serving as soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Attacked each other’s settlements & crops </li></ul><ul><li>1676: Conflict ends </li></ul>
    7. 11. Colonists’ Relations with American Indians <ul><li>The Cost: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indians attacked over one-half of New England's 92 towns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>600 colonists dead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3,000 Indians dead </li></ul></ul>
    8. 12. Colonists’ Relations with American Indians
    9. 13. Colonists’ Relations with American Indians <ul><li>Indian Alliances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>British: Iroquois League </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>French: Algonquian & Huron </li></ul></ul>
    10. 14. Conflicts with France <ul><li>King William’s War (1689-97) </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Anne's War (1702-13) </li></ul>
    11. 16. Conflicts with France <ul><li>King George’s War (1740-48) </li></ul><ul><li>British & French continue to compete over Ohio Valley & Great Lakes region </li></ul>
    12. 19. Conflicts with France <ul><li>French build forts in Ohio Valley </li></ul><ul><li>1753: Robert Dinwiddie demands French give up forts </li></ul>Gov. Robert Dinwiddie
    13. 20. Conflicts with France <ul><li>George Washington sent on expedition </li></ul><ul><li>French refuse to give up forts </li></ul>George Washington
    14. 21. Conflicts with France <ul><li>Colonists realize they are poorly organized </li></ul><ul><li>1754: Seven colonies send delegates to Albany, NY </li></ul>
    15. 22. Conflicts with France <ul><li>Objective: treaty with the Iroquois </li></ul><ul><li>Benjamin Franklin writes Albany Plan of union </li></ul>Benjamin Franklin
    16. 23. Conflicts with France <ul><li>Albany Plan of Union —called for the colonies to unite for the first time under a president general & a grand council </li></ul>
    17. 25. Conflicts with France REJECTED!
    18. 26. The French & Indian War French & Indian War = Seven Years’ War
    19. 27. The French & Indian War <ul><li>Dinwiddie orders a fort built at the forks </li></ul><ul><li>French forces drive off the Virginians </li></ul>
    20. 28. The French & Indian War French construct Ft. Duquesne
    21. 29. The French & Indian War <ul><li>While the Albany Plan was being written, George Washington & his troops were fighting the French in the Ohio Valley </li></ul>George Washington
    22. 30. Washington establishes camp at Great Meadows
    23. 31. The French & Indian War Washington receives word that a group of French troops are encamped nearby
    24. 32. The French & Indian War <ul><li>Ensign Joseph Coulon de Villiers de Jumonville killed </li></ul><ul><li>Jumonville claimed he was a diplomat </li></ul>
    25. 33. The French & Indian War Washington constructs a “Fort of Necessity”
    26. 34. The French & Indian War <ul><li>French attack Washington </li></ul><ul><li>Washington forced to surrender </li></ul>Capt. Louis Coulon de Villiers
    27. 36. The French & Indian War <ul><li>Casualties —people who are killed, wounded, captured, or missing in a war </li></ul>
    28. 37. The French & Indian War <ul><li>Edward Braddock: General who led the British army and the colonial militia in the Seven Years’ War </li></ul>
    29. 38. The French & Indian War <ul><li>1755: Braddock sets out to lay siege to Ft. Duquesne </li></ul><ul><li>Ambushed by French & Indian forces </li></ul><ul><li>500 British casualties </li></ul>
    30. 39. The French & Indian War General Braddock among the dead
    31. 40. The French & Indian War <ul><li>1759: James Wolfe captures Quebec </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting continues until 1763 </li></ul>General James Wolfe
    32. 41. Treaty of Paris <ul><li>British gains: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All of Canada </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>French lands east of the Mississippi River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Florida </li></ul></ul>
    33. 42. Treaty of Paris <ul><li>Spanish gains: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All French territory West of the Mississippi River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Orleans </li></ul></ul>

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