US History Ch 5.5


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  • US History Ch 5.5

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 5: Life in the English Colonies Section 5: American Culture
    2. 2. New Ideas in Europe <ul><li>Scientific Revolution —period of great learning that began in the 1600s as European scientists, mathematics, & astronomers looked for explanations about how the universe worked </li></ul>
    3. 3. New Ideas in Europe <ul><li>The Scientific Revolution began in math & science and eventually affected all areas of natural science. </li></ul>
    4. 4. New Ideas in Europe Galileo Galilei
    5. 5. New Ideas in Europe Galileo’s Telescope
    6. 6. New Ideas in Europe What?! The Earth revolves around the Sun?!
    7. 7. New Ideas in Europe Galileo on Trial
    8. 8. Thanks to his intuition as a brilliant physicist and by relying on different arguments, Galileo, who practically invented the experimental method, understood why only the sun could function as the centre of the world, as it was then known, that is to say, as a planetary system. The error of the theologians of the time, when they maintained the centrality of the earth, was to think that our understanding of the physical world's structure was, in some way, imposed by the literal sense of Sacred Scripture.... – Pope John Paul II
    9. 9. New Ideas in Europe Issac Newton
    10. 10. New Ideas in Europe Newton under the Apple Tree
    11. 11. New Ideas in Europe <ul><li>Scientific Method —carefully examining natural events & forming theories from experiments & observations </li></ul>
    12. 13. New Ideas in Europe <ul><li>Enlightenment </li></ul><ul><li>“ Age of Reason” </li></ul><ul><li>Used logic & reason to seek ways to improve world </li></ul>John Locke
    13. 14. Colonial Education <ul><li>Few could afford formal education </li></ul><ul><li>Availability varied </li></ul><ul><li>New England: education closely linked with religion </li></ul>
    14. 23. Colonial Education <ul><li>1636: Harvard University established </li></ul><ul><li>Education usually ended with grade school </li></ul><ul><li>Some went to study in England </li></ul>Harvard University Shield
    15. 24. Colonial Scientists <ul><li>American Philosophical Society: founded in 1743 to improve communication among colonial scientists </li></ul>
    16. 25. Colonial Scientists <ul><li>David Rittenhouse: designed mathematical & astronomical instruments </li></ul>David Rittenhouse
    17. 26. Colonial Scientists <ul><li>Benjamin Banneker: free African American astronomer & surveyor </li></ul>
    18. 29. Benjamin Franklin
    19. 30. Benjamin Franklin Published The Philadelphia Gazette
    20. 31. Benjamin Franklin Published Poor Richard’s Almanac
    21. 32. Benjamin Franklin Franklin Stove
    22. 33. Benjamin Franklin Bifocals
    23. 34. Benjamin Franklin Franklin Stove
    24. 35. Benjamin Franklin Kite Experiment
    25. 36. Benjamin Franklin Lightning Rod
    26. 37. Benjamin Franklin Glass Armonica
    27. 38. Benjamin Franklin <ul><li>Library </li></ul><ul><li>University of Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><li>First president of the American Philosophical Society </li></ul><ul><li>Police Department </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Department </li></ul>
    28. 39. Colonial Writers & Artists <ul><li>Anne Bradstreet: poet whose work encouraged the love of family & dedication to faith </li></ul>Anne Bradstreet
    29. 41. Colonial Writers & Artists <ul><li>Phillis Wheatley: African American poet who used religious language and imagery </li></ul>Phillis Wheatley