US History Ch 4.4

1,928 views

Published on

Published in: Economy & Finance, Business
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,928
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
39
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
87
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • US History Ch 4.4

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 4: The English Colonies Section 4: The Southern & Middle Colonies
    2. 2. Tolerant Maryland <ul><li>Catholics persecuted in England </li></ul><ul><li>1632: Cecilius Calvert aka Lord Baltimore granted charter by James I </li></ul><ul><li>Colony named Maryland </li></ul>Cecilius Calvert a.k.a Lord Baltimore
    3. 3. Tolerant Maryland <ul><li>Proprietary colony </li></ul><ul><li>Turned to tobacco for profit </li></ul><ul><li>1640s: Protestants arrive in growing numbers </li></ul>
    4. 4. Tolerant Maryland <ul><li>Religious Toleration Act of 1649 : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made restricting rights of Christians a crime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enacted to ease tensions between Catholics & Protestants in Maryland </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. The Carolinas <ul><li>1663: Charles II gives land to 8 of his supporters </li></ul><ul><li>Proprietary colony </li></ul><ul><li>Single colony until 1712 </li></ul>
    6. 6. The Carolinas <ul><li>Most colonists in NC from Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Settlers from British West Indies brought slaves to SC </li></ul><ul><li>Rice grown in SC </li></ul>
    7. 7. The Carolinas <ul><li>Rice production required large amounts of slave labor </li></ul><ul><li>1730: 20,000 slaves in SC </li></ul><ul><li>1719/1729: SC/NC made royal colonies </li></ul>
    8. 8. Diversity in New York & New Jersey <ul><li>1613: Dutch founded New Netherland </li></ul><ul><li>New Amsterdam: center of fur trade </li></ul><ul><li>Land grants & religious tolerance </li></ul>New Amsterdam was later renamed New York City
    9. 9. Diversity in New York & New Jersey <ul><li>Peter Stuyvesant: became director general of colony in 1647 </li></ul><ul><li>1664: English took control of New Amsterdam without a shot </li></ul>Peter Stuyvesant
    10. 10. Diversity in New York & New Jersey <ul><li>Duke of York makes Sir George Carteret & John Lord Berkeley proprietors of New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse population </li></ul>
    11. 11. The Pennsylvania Experiment <ul><li>Quakers —Protestant group that believed all people had an inner goodness </li></ul>
    12. 12. The Pennsylvania Experiment <ul><li>William Penn —Quaker leader who established a colony </li></ul>William Penn
    13. 13. The Pennsylvania Experiment <ul><li>Low land prices </li></ul><ul><li>Religious freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Representative self-government </li></ul>
    14. 14. The Ideal of Georgia <ul><li>1732: George II grants James Oglethorpe charter to establish colony for debtors </li></ul>James Oglethorpe
    15. 15. The Ideal of Georgia <ul><li>Buffer Zone </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibited large land grants, slavery </li></ul><ul><li>1752: Becomes a royal colony </li></ul>

    ×