US History Ch 4.3
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US History Ch 4.3

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US History Ch 4.3 US History Ch 4.3 Presentation Transcript

  • U.S. History Chapter 4: The English Colonies Section 3: The New England Colonies
  •  
  • The Massachusetts Bay Colony
    • 1620: England experiences economic downturn
    • 1625: Charles I becomes king
    King Charles I
  • The Massachusetts Bay Colony
    • Dissenters —people who disagree with official religious or political opinions
  • The Massachusetts Bay Colony
    • “ Great Migration”
    • 1629: Massachusetts Bay Company formed
    • 1630: Puritans leave for Massachusetts
  • The Massachusetts Bay Colony
    • Covenant —sacred agreement made with God
    • Puritan goal: to build ideal Christian community
  • The Massachusetts Bay Colony
    • John Winthrop: “…we shall be like a City upon a Hill.”
    John Winthrop
  • The Massachusetts Bay Colony
    • Well prepared, good climate
    • End of 1630: 1,000 more colonists joined settlers
    • Settled New Hampshire
  • Church & State in New England
    • “ General Court”:
      • 2 or 3 delegates from each town
      • Elected governor & assistants
      • 1644: became a two-house legislature
  • Church & State in New England
    • Little separation between church & state
    • Ministers had great influence
    • Only male church members allowed to vote
  • Church & State in New England
    • 1636: Thomas Hooker leads followers to Connecticut
    • 1639: Fundamental Orders of Connecticut drafted
    Thomas Hooker statue
  • Daily Life & Customs
    • Religion important
    • Mainly grew food for own use
    • Most colonists came in family groups
  • Daily Life & Customs
    • Marriages arranged
    • Women: obey husbands, have children, run the household
    • Men: treat wives “with…love, gentleness, kindness, and tenderness.”
  • Daily Life & Customs
    • Education important: wanted children to be able to read Bible
    • 1636: Harvard College founded
    Harvard University seal
  • Dissent in Massachusetts
    • Roger Williams criticized the General Court for taking land from Indians without paying them.
    • Williams exiled from Massachusetts
    Roger Williams
  • Dissent in Massachusetts
    • Formed settlement called Providence
    • 1644: became colony of Rhode Island
    • Fair treatment
  • Dissent in Massachusetts
    • Angered Puritan leaders by discussing religious views
    • Held religious discussions at home
    • Put on trial & exiled
    Anne Hutchinson on trial
  • Salem Witch Trials