US History Ch 4.1


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  • US History Ch 4.1

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 4: The English Colonies Section 1: The Virginia Colony
    2. 2. Settlement in Jamestown <ul><li>1605: Merchants ask permission to establish colony in North America </li></ul><ul><li>1606: King James I grants request </li></ul><ul><li>Joint-stock company formed </li></ul>King James I
    3. 3. Settlement in Jamestown <ul><li>April 26, 1607: three ships land on Virginia coast </li></ul><ul><li>Sail into Chesapeake Bay & 40 miles up James river </li></ul>Location of Jamestown
    4. 4. Settlement in Jamestown <ul><li>Men poorly prepared </li></ul><ul><li>Bad location </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 of original colonists dead by winter </li></ul>
    5. 5. Settlement in Jamestown <ul><li>Capt. John Smith —made colonists plant food crops and build sturdy housing </li></ul>Captain John Smith
    6. 6. Settlement in Jamestown http://
    7. 7. Powhatan Confederacy <ul><li>Powhatan: alliance of Algonquian Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Aided colonists by teaching them how to grow food </li></ul>Depiction of Powhatan from map by John Smith
    8. 8. Powhatan Confederacy <ul><li>1609: 400 new settlers arrive at Jamestown </li></ul><ul><li>John Smith returns to England </li></ul><ul><li>Winter 1609: “Starving Time” </li></ul>
    9. 9. Powhatan Confederacy <ul><li>Jamestown failing to make a profit </li></ul><ul><li>1612: John Rolfe introduces tobacco to Virginia </li></ul>Tobacco Plant
    10. 10. War in Virginia <ul><li>1614: John Rolfe marries Pocahontas </li></ul><ul><li>1617: Pocahontas dies </li></ul><ul><li>1618: Wahunsonacock dies </li></ul>Pocahontas
    11. 11. War in Virginia <ul><li>Colonists desire Powhatan land for tobacco farming </li></ul><ul><li>1622: Powhatan leader killed </li></ul><ul><li>Opechancanough leads attack that kills 350 settlers </li></ul>Opechancanough from Smith's “General History of Virginia”
    12. 12. War in Virginia <ul><li>Colonists burn Indian villages </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting continues for 20 years </li></ul><ul><li>1624: Virginia becomes a royal colony </li></ul>
    13. 13. Daily Life in Virginia <ul><li>Tobacco farmers begin to establish plantations </li></ul><ul><li>Headright system —gave 50 acres of land to colonists who paid their own way to Virginia </li></ul>
    14. 14. Daily Life in Virginia <ul><li>Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Men outnumbered women 7:1 </li></ul><ul><li>Families provided necessities for themselves </li></ul>
    15. 15. Labor in Virginia <ul><li>High death rates lead to labor shortages </li></ul><ul><li>Indentured Servents —agreed to work in exchange for passage to America </li></ul>Indentured Servant Contract
    16. 16. Labor in Virginia <ul><li>1619: Dutch bring Africans to Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Some Africans were indentured servants , others were slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Indentured servants cheaper initially </li></ul>
    17. 17. Bacon’s Rebellion <ul><li>Colonists angry with governor </li></ul><ul><li>Complaints about high taxes and lack of available farmland </li></ul><ul><li>Poor begin faming on Native American lands </li></ul>
    18. 18. Bacon’s Rebellion <ul><li>1676: Nathaniel Bacon & a group of indentured servants lead an attack on peaceful Native Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Bacon & followers attacked & burned Jamestown </li></ul>Nathaniel Bacon
    19. 19. Bacon’s Rebellion <ul><li>Bacon dies of fever </li></ul><ul><li>23 rebels hung </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult relations with Native Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Increased use of slaves </li></ul>
    20. 20. Recapping! <ul><li>Why were people in England interested in founding Jamestown, and when was the colony established? </li></ul><ul><li>How did Jamestown colonists interact with local American Indians? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the English plantation system begin </li></ul><ul><li>What role did indentured servants and enslaved Africans play in Virginia’s economy? </li></ul>
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