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US History Ch 4.1
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US History Ch 4.1

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    • 1. U.S. History Chapter 4: The English Colonies Section 1: The Virginia Colony
    • 2. Settlement in Jamestown
      • 1605: Merchants ask permission to establish colony in North America
      • 1606: King James I grants request
      • Joint-stock company formed
      King James I
    • 3. Settlement in Jamestown
      • April 26, 1607: three ships land on Virginia coast
      • Sail into Chesapeake Bay & 40 miles up James river
      Location of Jamestown
    • 4. Settlement in Jamestown
      • Men poorly prepared
      • Bad location
      • 2/3 of original colonists dead by winter
    • 5. Settlement in Jamestown
      • Capt. John Smith —made colonists plant food crops and build sturdy housing
      Captain John Smith
    • 6. Settlement in Jamestown http:// www.virtualjamestown.org/quicktime/jamestown_fort.html
    • 7. Powhatan Confederacy
      • Powhatan: alliance of Algonquian Indians
      • Aided colonists by teaching them how to grow food
      Depiction of Powhatan from map by John Smith
    • 8. Powhatan Confederacy
      • 1609: 400 new settlers arrive at Jamestown
      • John Smith returns to England
      • Winter 1609: “Starving Time”
    • 9. Powhatan Confederacy
      • Jamestown failing to make a profit
      • 1612: John Rolfe introduces tobacco to Virginia
      Tobacco Plant
    • 10. War in Virginia
      • 1614: John Rolfe marries Pocahontas
      • 1617: Pocahontas dies
      • 1618: Wahunsonacock dies
      Pocahontas
    • 11. War in Virginia
      • Colonists desire Powhatan land for tobacco farming
      • 1622: Powhatan leader killed
      • Opechancanough leads attack that kills 350 settlers
      Opechancanough from Smith's “General History of Virginia”
    • 12. War in Virginia
      • Colonists burn Indian villages
      • Fighting continues for 20 years
      • 1624: Virginia becomes a royal colony
    • 13. Daily Life in Virginia
      • Tobacco farmers begin to establish plantations
      • Headright system —gave 50 acres of land to colonists who paid their own way to Virginia
    • 14. Daily Life in Virginia
      • Disease
      • Men outnumbered women 7:1
      • Families provided necessities for themselves
    • 15. Labor in Virginia
      • High death rates lead to labor shortages
      • Indentured Servents —agreed to work in exchange for passage to America
      Indentured Servant Contract
    • 16. Labor in Virginia
      • 1619: Dutch bring Africans to Virginia
      • Some Africans were indentured servants , others were slaves
      • Indentured servants cheaper initially
    • 17. Bacon’s Rebellion
      • Colonists angry with governor
      • Complaints about high taxes and lack of available farmland
      • Poor begin faming on Native American lands
    • 18. Bacon’s Rebellion
      • 1676: Nathaniel Bacon & a group of indentured servants lead an attack on peaceful Native Americans
      • Bacon & followers attacked & burned Jamestown
      Nathaniel Bacon
    • 19. Bacon’s Rebellion
      • Bacon dies of fever
      • 23 rebels hung
      • Difficult relations with Native Americans
      • Increased use of slaves
    • 20. Recapping!
      • Why were people in England interested in founding Jamestown, and when was the colony established?
      • How did Jamestown colonists interact with local American Indians?
      • How did the English plantation system begin
      • What role did indentured servants and enslaved Africans play in Virginia’s economy?