US History Ch 19.4
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  • 1. U.S. History Chapter 19: The Civil War Section 4: Life During the War
  • 2. Freeing the Slaves
    • Lincoln supported freeing slaves if it would help the Northern war effort
  • 3. Freeing the Slaves
    • Problems:
      • Northern prejudice
      • Slaves considered property
      • No constitutional power to end slavery
  • 4. Freeing the Slaves
    • Military order
    • Emancipation Proclamation —declared slaves free in those areas controlled by the Confederacy
  • 5. Freeing the Slaves
    • July 22, 1862: Lincoln discusses emancipation with cabinet
  • 6. Freeing the Slaves
    • Advised to wait
    • Announced after victory at Antietam
    • Issued September 22, 1863
  • 7. Freeing the Slaves
    • 100 days to lay down arms
    • Effective January 1, 1863
    • Encouraged slaves to escape to Union lines
  • 8.  
  • 9. African Americans & the War
    • Union navy permitted African American to volunteer
    • Calls to allow African Americans in Union Army
    • Practical reason: need for soldiers
  • 10. African Americans & the War
    • July 1862: Congress allows African Americans to serve as laborers
    • 1862: War Department allows contrabands to join Union Army
    • Contrabands —escaped slaves
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13. African Americans & the War
    • 54th Massachusetts —infantry unit consisting mostly of African Americans who played a role in the capture of Ft. Wagner
  • 14.  
  • 15. African Americans & the War
    • 180,000 served in Union army
    • Less pay
    • Served under white officers
    • Danger from Confederates
  • 16. Problems in the North
    • Problems
      • Emancipation
      • Length of war
      • Casualties
  • 17. Problems in the North
    • Copperheads —northern Democrats who opposed the war
  • 18. Problems in the North
    • Other problems:
      • March 1863: enactment of draft
      • Suspension of habeas corpus
  • 19. Problems in the North
    • Habeas corpus —constitutional protection against unlawful imprisonment
  • 20. Southern Struggles
    • Naval blockade cut off supplies
    • Prices shot up
    • Draft law (exclusions)
  • 21. Life on the Home Front
    • Young & old worked in factories & farms
    • Southern women ran farms and plantations
    • Women played role in providing medical care
  • 22. Life on the Home Front Dorthea Dix Clara Barton
  • 23. Life on the Home Front
    • Uncomfortable, unhealthy camps
    • Twice as many soldiers died from disease
  • 24.