US History Ch 19.1
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,667
On Slideshare
1,667
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
57
Comments
0
Likes
2

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. U.S. History Chapter 19: The Civil War Section 1: The War Begins
  • 2.  
  • 3. Lincoln Faces a Crisis
    • Seven states had seceded prior to Lincoln’s inauguration
  • 4. “ In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow countrymen, and not in mine , is the momentous issue of civil war. The government will not assail you . You can have no conflict, without being yourselves the aggressors. You have no oath registered in Heaven to destroy the government, while I shall have ht most solemn on to ‘preserve, protect and defend’ it.” — Abraham Lincoln First Inaugural Address
  • 5. Lincoln Faces a Crisis
    • Ft. Sumter —on of the most important federal outposts in the South
  • 6. Lincoln Faces a Crisis
    • Ft. Sumter controlled entrance to Charleston Harbor
  • 7. Lincoln Faces a Crisis
    • March 1861: fort running low on supplies
    • Lincoln orders resupply of fort
    • South Carolina orders surrender
  • 8. Lincoln Faces a Crisis
    • Robert Anderson : Union commander who refused to leave Fort Sumter
    Robert Anderson
  • 9. Lincoln Faces a Crisis
    • Pierre Beauregard: Confederate commander at Fort Sumter
    Pierre Beauregard
  • 10. Lincoln Faces a Crisis
    • April 12, 1861: Confederates open fire on Ft. Sumter
  • 11.  
  • 12. Lincoln Faces a Crisis
    • Anderson surrenders after 34 hour bombardment
  • 13. Choosing Sides
    • North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, & Arkansas secede
  • 14. Choosing Sides
    • Border States —four slave states of strategic importance to both the North & South
    • Supported the Union
  • 15. The Volunteer Spirit
    • Union army had only 16,000 troops
    • Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers
    • Families divided
  • 16. The Volunteer Spirit
    • Mary Todd Lincoln: had four brothers fight for the Confederacy
    Mary Todd Lincoln
  • 17. The Volunteer Spirit
    • Elizabeth Blackwell : first woman to receive a license to practice medicine
    Elizabeth Blackwell
  • 18. The North vs. the South
    • Union advantages
      • Larger population
      • More factories & shipyards
      • Railways
      • Better able to raise money
  • 19. The North vs. the South
    • Confederate advantages:
      • Military tradition
      • Defensive war
  • 20. The North vs. the South
    • Union strategy:
      • Naval blockade
      • Control Mississippi
  • 21.  
  • 22. Winfield Scott
  • 23. The North vs. the South
    • Southern strategy
      • Defend territory and “wear down” Union
      • Attack Washington, D.C.
      • Cotton diplomacy
  • 24. The North vs. the South
    • Cotton diplomacy —used by the south to try and gain foreign support
  • 25. Strategies Disadvantages Advantages Slave states that joined South North