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US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
US History Ch 15.2
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US History Ch 15.2

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  • 1. U.S. History Chapter 15: New Movements in America Section 2: Immigrants & Cities
  • 2. Waves of Immigrants <ul><li>1840—1860 : More than 4 million immigrants settle in U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 3 million Irish or German </li></ul><ul><li>Fleeing unfavorable economic/political conditions </li></ul>
  • 3. Waves of Immigrants <ul><li>Mid 1840s: potato blight left many families in Ireland without any food </li></ul><ul><li>1 million + die </li></ul><ul><li>Many flee to U.S. </li></ul>
  • 4. Waves of Immigrants <ul><li>Most immigrants arrived poor </li></ul><ul><li>Women worked as domestic servants </li></ul><ul><li>Men could only find unskilled jobs </li></ul>
  • 5. &nbsp;
  • 6. Waves of Immigrants <ul><li>1848: Germans revolt </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrate to escape persecution and for economic reasons </li></ul><ul><li>Protestants, Catholics, Jews </li></ul>
  • 7. Waves of Immigrants <ul><li>Became farmers in Midwestern states </li></ul><ul><li>Often took low-paying jobs </li></ul>
  • 8. &nbsp;
  • 9. The Nativist Response <ul><li>Immigrants drawn to industrial jobs in the Northeast </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants filled need for cheap labor </li></ul><ul><li>Native-born citizens feared losing jobs to immigrants </li></ul>
  • 10. <ul><li>Threatened by cultural differences </li></ul><ul><li>Catholicism </li></ul><ul><li>Nativists —U.S. citizens who opposed immigration </li></ul>The Nativist Response
  • 11. &nbsp;
  • 12. The Nativist Response <ul><li>Know-Nothing Party —wanted to exclude Catholics &amp; foreigners from public office </li></ul>The Know-Nothing Party was anti-Catholic
  • 13. Those Know-Nothings are a bunch of haters!
  • 14. &nbsp;
  • 15. &nbsp;
  • 16. Growth of Cities <ul><li>Industrial Revolution led to new jobs in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation Revolution helped make it easier to move </li></ul><ul><li>Cities grew rapidly </li></ul>
  • 17. <ul><li>Middle Class —social and economic level between the wealthy &amp; poor </li></ul><ul><li>New entertainment: libraries, clubs, theaters </li></ul>Growth of Cities
  • 18. Urban Problems <ul><li>Limited transportation = crowded conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Riots </li></ul><ul><li>Tenements —dirty, overcrowded, &amp; poorly built housing </li></ul>
  • 19. &nbsp;
  • 20. <ul><li>Lack of public sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Disease &amp; epidemics </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of police/fire protection </li></ul>Urban Problems

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