US History Ch 15.1
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  • 1. U.S. History Chapter 15: New Movements in America Section 1: America’s Spiritual Awakening
  • 2. The Second Great Awakening
    • Second Great Awakening: movement of Christian renewal that began in the 1790s and became widespread in the U.S. by the 1830s
  • 3. The Second Great Awakening
    • Charles Grandison Finney : one of the most important leaders of the Second Great Awakening
    Charles Grandison Finney
  • 4. The Second Great Awakening
    • Finney’s message:
      • Individuals responsible for salvation
      • Sin was avoidable
      • Demonstrate faith by good deeds
  • 5. The Second Great Awakening
    • Church membership increased
    • Women & African Americans drawn to movement
  • 6. Transcendentalism & Utopian Communities
    • Transcendentalism —the idea that people can rise above the material things in life
  • 7. Transcendentalism & Utopian Communities
    • Transcendentalists
      • Important Figures
        • Ralph Waldo Emerson
        • Margaret Fuller
        • Henry David Thoreau
      • Encouraged people to look within for guidance & to live simply
  • 8.
    • “ I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived.”
      • — Henry David Thoreau, Walden
  • 9. Transcendentalism & Utopian Communities
    • Utopian Communities —place where people worked to establish a perfect society
  • 10. Transcendentalism & Utopian Communities
    • Most Transcendentalist communities were failures :
      • Brooke Farm
      • Community founded for Shakers by Ann Lee
  • 11. The American Romantics
    • Artists
      • Focused on the American landscape
      • Thomas Cole
  • 12. The American Romantics Nathaniel Hawthorne The Scarlet Letter Herman Melville Moby-Dick Edgar Allen Poe The Raven
  • 13. The American Romantics
    • Other noted poets
      • Emily Dickinson
      • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
      • John Greenleaf Whittier
      • Walt Whitman