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US History Ch 13.4
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US History Ch 13.4

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  • Transcript

    • 1. U.S. History Chapter 13: Industrial Growth in the North Section 4: More Technological Advances
    • 2.  
    • 3. Messages by Wire
      • 1800: Alessandro Volta built the first battery
      Alessandro Volta
    • 4. Messages by Wire
      • André-Marie Ampère: determined the rules governing the relationship between electricity & magnetism
      André-Marie Ampère
    • 5. Messages by Wire
      • Samuel Morse : first to combine the battery, electromagnetism, the electromagnet and the correct battery configuration into a workable practical telegraph
      Samuel Morse
    • 6. Messages by Wire
      • Telegraph —sends pulses of electrical current through a wire
      Telegraph Key
    • 7. Messages by Wire Morse Code Diagram
    • 8.  
    • 9. Messages by Wire
      • 1844: First public test
    • 10.  
    • 11. Messages by Wire
      • First shown to work in the election of 1844
      • Sent info for businesses, government, newspapers, private citizens
      • Telegraph lines built alongside railroads
      • 1861: transcontinental line completed
    • 12.  
    • 13. New Factories
      • Start of Industrial Revolution most factories ran on water power
      • Steam-powered factories could be built anywhere
      • Northeast home of the nation’s industry
    • 14. New Factories
      • Factories build closer to cities
      • Closer to labor, transportation
      • People flock to cities for jobs
    • 15. Better Farm Equipment
      • John Deere: blacksmith who made a steel-bladed plow
      John Deere
    • 16. Original John Deere Plow
    • 17. Replica of John Deere Plow
    • 18. Better Farm Equipment
      • Cyrus McCormick : designed a mechanical reaper that cut down what quickly & efficiently
      Cyrus McCormick
    • 19.  
    • 20.  
    • 21. Better Farm Equipment
      • Opened a factory in Chicago using steam-power
      • Customer service
      • 1830: 20 hrs to cut one acre of wheat; reaper reduced to one hour
    • 22. Changing Life at Home
      • Elias Howe: invented the sewing machine
      Elias Howe
    • 23. Changing Life at Home
      • Isaac Singer: improved the sewing machine
      Isaac Singer
    • 24.  
    • 25. Changing Life at Home
      • Other improvements:
        • Iceboxes
        • Iron cookstove
        • Mass production of old items
        • Public water systems & indoor plumbing
        • Matches
        • Safety pin

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