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US History Ch 13.1

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  • 1. U.S. History Chapter 13: Industrial Growth in the North Section 1: The Industrial Revolution & America
  • 2. The Industrial Revolution
    • 1700s: Most Europeans & Americans were farmers, few skilled workers
    • Demand for manufactured goods grows
  • 3. The Industrial Revolution
    • Industrial Revolution :
      • Period of rapid growth in manufacturing & production
      • Occurred in response to a demand for manufactured goods
  • 4. The Industrial Revolution
    • Breakthroughs in textiles
    • James Hargreaves: patented spinning jenny in 1770
    Spinning Jenny
  • 5.  
  • 6. The Industrial Revolution
    • Richard Arkwright: patented the water frame
    • Lowered costs, increased production
    Water Frame
  • 7. Slater & His Secrets
    • Samuel Slater : British immigrant & mechanic who opened a mill at Pawtucket, Rhode Island
    Samuel Slater
  • 8. Slater & His Secrets
    • New England had many fast-flowing rivers to supply power
    • Few mills in South—foucsed on farming
  • 9. Manufacturing Breakthrough
    • Manufacturing done by hand, parts differed
    • 1790s: war with France possible
  • 10. Manufacturing Breakthrough
    • Technology —tools designed to produce goods or to do work
  • 11. Manufacturing Breakthrough
    • Interchangeable Parts —process developed by Eli Whitney that called for making each vital part of a machine exactly the same
    Eli Whitney
  • 12. Manufacturing Breakthrough
    • Acquired contract to build 10,000 guns in two years
    • Failed to fulfill contract
  • 13. Manufacturing Breakthrough
    • Mass Production —efficiently making large numbers of identical goods
  • 14. A Slow Start for Manufacturing
    • Manufacturing grew slowly in the U.S.
    • Factors :
      • High price of labor
      • Lack of capital
  • 15. The War of 1812 & Manufacturing
    • British blockaded ports
    • Americans begin to buy items from American manufacturers
    • Manufacturers expand, investors lend more money
  • 16. “ To be independent for the comforts of life we must fabricate them ourselves. We must now place the manufacturer side by side of the agriculturist.” --Thomas Jefferson