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US History Ch 13.1
US History Ch 13.1
US History Ch 13.1
US History Ch 13.1
US History Ch 13.1
US History Ch 13.1
US History Ch 13.1
US History Ch 13.1
US History Ch 13.1
US History Ch 13.1
US History Ch 13.1
US History Ch 13.1
US History Ch 13.1
US History Ch 13.1
US History Ch 13.1
US History Ch 13.1
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US History Ch 13.1

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    • 1. U.S. History Chapter 13: Industrial Growth in the North Section 1: The Industrial Revolution & America
    • 2. The Industrial Revolution <ul><li>1700s: Most Europeans & Americans were farmers, few skilled workers </li></ul><ul><li>Demand for manufactured goods grows </li></ul>
    • 3. The Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Industrial Revolution : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Period of rapid growth in manufacturing & production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occurred in response to a demand for manufactured goods </li></ul></ul>
    • 4. The Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Breakthroughs in textiles </li></ul><ul><li>James Hargreaves: patented spinning jenny in 1770 </li></ul>Spinning Jenny
    • 5.  
    • 6. The Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Richard Arkwright: patented the water frame </li></ul><ul><li>Lowered costs, increased production </li></ul>Water Frame
    • 7. Slater & His Secrets <ul><li>Samuel Slater : British immigrant & mechanic who opened a mill at Pawtucket, Rhode Island </li></ul>Samuel Slater
    • 8. Slater & His Secrets <ul><li>New England had many fast-flowing rivers to supply power </li></ul><ul><li>Few mills in South—foucsed on farming </li></ul>
    • 9. Manufacturing Breakthrough <ul><li>Manufacturing done by hand, parts differed </li></ul><ul><li>1790s: war with France possible </li></ul>
    • 10. Manufacturing Breakthrough <ul><li>Technology —tools designed to produce goods or to do work </li></ul>
    • 11. Manufacturing Breakthrough <ul><li>Interchangeable Parts —process developed by Eli Whitney that called for making each vital part of a machine exactly the same </li></ul>Eli Whitney
    • 12. Manufacturing Breakthrough <ul><li>Acquired contract to build 10,000 guns in two years </li></ul><ul><li>Failed to fulfill contract </li></ul>
    • 13. Manufacturing Breakthrough <ul><li>Mass Production —efficiently making large numbers of identical goods </li></ul>
    • 14. A Slow Start for Manufacturing <ul><li>Manufacturing grew slowly in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Factors : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High price of labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of capital </li></ul></ul>
    • 15. The War of 1812 & Manufacturing <ul><li>British blockaded ports </li></ul><ul><li>Americans begin to buy items from American manufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturers expand, investors lend more money </li></ul>
    • 16. “ To be independent for the comforts of life we must fabricate them ourselves. We must now place the manufacturer side by side of the agriculturist.” --Thomas Jefferson

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