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US History Ch 12.3
 

US History Ch 12.3

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    US History Ch 12.3 US History Ch 12.3 Presentation Transcript

    • U.S. History Chapter 12: A New National Identity Section 3: The Age of Jackson
    • Choose a Candidate
      • War hero
      • Born poor
      • Determined
      • Common man
      • Harvard educated
      • Born to a prominent wealthy family
      • Out of touch with people
      Candidate 1 Candidate 2
    • Jacksonian Democracy
      • Early 1800s: lawmakers extending the right to vote
      • Nominating Conventions —meetings in which a political party selects its presidential & vice presidential candidates
      • Allowed more voter input
    • Democratic Candidates Barack Obama Hillary Clinton John Edwards
    • Republican Candidates Rudy Giuliani Mike Huckabee John McCain Ron Paul Mitt Romney Fred Thompson
    • Each state holds conventions to choose delegates to send to the national meeting
    • Democratic Candidates Barack Obama Hillary Clinton John Edwards
    • Republican Candidates Rudy Giuliani Mike Huckabee John McCain Ron Paul Mitt Romney Fred Thompson
    • 2008 Presidential Election
    • Jacksonian Democracy
      • “ Jacksonian Democracy”
      • Limited voting rights
      • Jackson : seen as man who would defend the rights of common people & slave states
    • Jacksonian Democracy John Quincy Adams National Republcians Andrew Jackson Democratic Party vs. Election of 1828
    • Jackson’s Victory
      • Andrew Jackson:
        • War hero
        • Born poor
        • Rose to success through hard work
    • Jackson’s Victory
      • John Quincy Adams:
        • Harvard educated
        • Father had been president
        • Out of touch
        • “ Cold as a lump of ice”
    • Jackson’s Victory
      • Victory for the common man
      • Spoils system —practice of rewarding supporters with jobs
      • Kitchen cabinet —an informal group of advisers President Andrew Jackson relied on
    • Conflict over Tariffs
      • Regional conflicts over tariffs
      • North—wanted high tariffs to protect industries
      • South—imported most manufactured goods
    • Conflict over Tariffs
      • 1828: Northern manufacturers pressure Congress to pass high tariffs
      • “ Tariff of Abominations”
      • Abuse of federal power over the states
    • Nullification Crisis
      • States’ Rights —belief that state power should be greater than federal power
      • VP John C. Calhoun led the opposition
      John C. Calhoun
    • Nullification Crisis
      • Nullification —states had the right to not obey any federal law with which they disagreed
      • 1832: Congress passes a new tariff
      • SC: declares law null and void
    • Nullification Crisis
      • Calhoun resigns
      • SC threatens to secede if troops are sent
      • Jackson threatens to send troops
      • Compromise reached: tariffs lowered
    • Second Bank of the United States
      • Jackson against Bank of the United States
      • States opposed the bank
      • Maryland passes law taxing branches of the national bank
      • James McCulloch refuses to pay taxes
    • Second Bank of the United States
      • McCulloch v. Maryland:
        • Elastic clause permitted for the Bank
        • Federal law superior to state law
      Old Supreme Court Chamber
    • Second Bank of the United States
      • Bank charter due to expire in 1836
      • Nicholas Biddle pushes for renewal of charter in 1832
      • Jackson vetoes
      Nicholas Biddle
    • Second Bank of the United States
      • Not enough votes to override veto
      • Transferred money to state banks
      • Inflation increased
      • Debt paid down
    •  
    • Van Buren’s Presidency
      • Jackson angered members of Congress
      • 1834: Jackson opponents form the Whig Party
      • Whig Party —political party that supported the idea of a weak president and a strong legislature
    • Van Buren’s Presidency
      • 1836: Whigs nominate four candidates to run against VP Martin Van Buren
      • Democrat Martin Van Buren wins
      Martin Van Buren
    • Van Buren’s Presidency
      • Panic of 1837 leads to economic depression
      • Result of Jackson’s policies
      • Van Buren blamed and defeated in election of 1840
    • Van Buren’s Presidency
      • William Henry Harrison and John Tyler win election of 1840
      • “ Tippecanoe and Tyler too”
      • War record and log cabin roots
      William Henry Harrison