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Transcript

  • 1. U.S. History Chapter 10: Launching the New Nation Section 3: Troubles Abroad
  • 2. The French Revolution
    • July 14, 1789: French Revolution begins with the Storming of the Bastille
  • 3. The French Revolution
    • Monarchy overthrown & republic established
  • 4. The French Revolution
    • American Reaction
      • Support among those who believed France was establishing a democratic republic
      • Displeasure among those worried about riots & violence
  • 5. U.S. Neutrality
    • France & Britain go to war
    • Americans divided
  • 6. U.S. Neutrality
    • Neutrality Proclamation —stated that the U.S. should remain neutral in all European conflicts
  • 7. Citizen Genet
    • Edmond Genet sent as France’s representative to America
    • Traveled across country seeking support for France
    Edmond Genet
  • 8. Citizen Genet
    • Privateers —private ships authorized by a nation to attack its enemies
    • Washington warns Genet his actions threaten U.S. neutrality
  • 9. Citizen Genet
    • Genet says he will seek to have Washington overruled
    • Pro-French Thomas Jefferson agrees Genet should be sent home
  • 10. Jay’s Treaty
    • Threats to American neutrality:
      • 1793: Britain seizes US ships carrying food from the French West Indies
      • Captured merchant ships
  • 11. Jay’s Treaty
    • Threats to American neutrality:
      • Rumors about British officers encouraging Indian uprisings
      • Britain never abandoned frontier forts
  • 12. Jay’s Treaty
    • John Jay: Chief Justice sent to London to negotiate an agreement to avoid war
    John Jay
  • 13. Jay’s Treaty
    • Jay’s Treaty —made to avoid a war between Britain and the United States
  • 14. Jay’s Treaty
    • British Concessions
      • Pay for damages to seized American ships
      • Small American ships allowed to trade in Caribbean
      • Abandon frontier forts
  • 15. Jay’s Treaty
    • Unresolved issues:
      • Nothing noted about large ships
      • Native American issue unaddressed
      • Slaves freed during Revolutionary War not returned
  • 16. Jay’s Treaty
    • Despite dislikes, Washington urges approval of treaty
    John Jay being burned “in effigy”
  • 17. Pinckney’s Treaty
    • Border between U.S. and Spanish Florida disputed
    • Spain closes port of New Orleans to U.S. trade
  • 18. Pinckney’s Treaty
    • Thomas Pinckney sent to resolve dispute
  • 19. Pinckney’s Treaty
    • Pinckney's requests
      • Reopen New Orleans to U.S. trade
      • Right of deposit at New Orleans
  • 20. Pinckney’s Treaty
    • Negotiations
      • Spain delays hoping U.S. will become desperate
      • Spain begins to worry U.S. & Britain will join forces against Spain
  • 21. Pinckney’s Treaty
    • The Treaty
      • Span agrees to change Florida border
      • Port of New Orleans reopened
      • Right of deposit acquired