TX History Ch 9.1

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TX History Ch 9.1

  1. 1. Chapter 9: Life in Early Texas Section 1: Texas Fever
  2. 2. Gone to Texas • During the 1820s-30s the population of Texas surged • Some settlers from Europe and other parts of Mexico
  3. 3. Gone to Texas •Most early settlers in Texas were farmers from the United States.
  4. 4. Gone to Texas • Pull factors: –Cheap land –Easy payments
  5. 5. Gone to Texas • Push factors: – Debts from the Panic of 1819 and resulting depression – Inability of U.S. officials to collect debts or get fugitives in Texas
  6. 6. Gone to Texas • Word spreads that Texas is a place filled with outlaws and undesirable people
  7. 7. Gone to Texas G.T.T. • Gone to Texas—a phrase that often meant that someone disappeared
  8. 8. The People of Texas • By 1834 a Mexican official estimated that Texas population was 21,000: • 15,000 from the U.S.—most were English, Irish, or Scottish ancestry • Squatters: people who do not legally own the land on which they live
  9. 9. The People of Texas • 1834: Tejano population was about 4,000 • Most lived around Nacogdoches or San Antonio • Most Tejanos welcome Americans— saw them as a boost to economy and protection against Indians
  10. 10. The People of Texas • Europeans: primarily of British, German, French, or Italian background • African Americans – 2000 slave – 150 free
  11. 11. Getting to Texas and Choosing Land • 1835: an estimated 1,000 settlers entering Texas each month • Coming to Texas: – Wagon trains – Horseback – Walked – Water
  12. 12. Getting to Texas and Choosing Land • Flatboats—means of transportation for many settlers
  13. 13. Getting to Texas and Choosing Land • Usually settled around rivers and streams • Fertile soil and mild climate attracted many U.S. settlers to the Gulf Coast Plain and Piney Woods • Avoided Apache & Comanche lands
  14. 14. Why U.S. Setters Came: How They Traveled: G. T. T.

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