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TX History Ch 8.1
 

TX History Ch 8.1

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    TX History Ch 8.1 TX History Ch 8.1 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 8: Americans Settle in Texas Section 1: Moses Austin and Texas
    • Bellwork
      • Identify some important events taking place around 1820
    • Moses Austin's Texas Dream
      • June 1798: Moses Austin moves to Missouri (a part of Spanish Louisiana)
      Moses Austin
    • Moses Austin's Texas Dream
      • Mines lead
      • Becomes a Spanish citizen
      • Becomes wealthy and part owner of the Bank of St. Louis
    • Moses Austin's Texas Dream
      • 1819: US experiences a financial panic
      • Financial Panic —an economic crisis
    • Moses Austin's Texas Dream
      • Panic of 1819 leads to a depression
      • Depression —period of low economic activity
    • Moses Austin's Texas Dream
      • Many banks fail, including the Bank of St. Louis
      • Austin is financially ruined
    • Moses Austin's Texas Dream
      • Austin had profited in Spanish lands before
      • Came up with plan to establish a colony of U.S. families in Texas; hoped to regain wealth
      • Sets out for Texas
    • Moses Austin Goes to Texas
      • Moses visits his son, Stephen, in Arkansas
      • Son doubts his father, but gives him $50 and a horse
      Stephen F. Austin
    • Moses Austin Goes to Texas
      • December 23, 1820: Moses arrives at San Antonio
      • Recent filibuster activity made the Spanish suspicious of Americans
    • Moses Austin Goes to Texas
      • Governor Antonio Mar ía Martínez orders Austin out of San Antonio
      • Encounters Baron de Bastrop—an old friend
    • Moses Austin Goes to Texas
      • Bastrop convinces Governor Martínez to allow Austin to stay in San Antonio
      • Bastrop agrees to help Austin with his efforts
    • Moses Austin Goes to Texas
      • In the 1820s, Mexico needed a larger population if it was to maintain control of its territory
    • Moses Austin Goes to Texas
      • Austin had been a loyal Spanish citizen
      • Colony would improve the economy and help protect the region from Indian attacks and U.S. invasion
    • Moses Austin Goes to Texas
      • Governor Martínez agrees to urge his superiors to approve Austin’s plan
      • Austin returns home
      • Difficult journey
    • Moses Austin Goes to Texas
      • Health problems
      • Spring 1821: Receives word that colony was approved—granted the right to settle 300 Catholic families from Louisiana
      • Became extremely ill and asks wife to write Stephen
    • Why Moses Austin Wanted to Start a Colony Why Spanish Officials Approved Austin’s Colony