Chapter 7:  Conflicts of Empire Section 4:  Spanish Rule Ends in Mexico
Bellwork <ul><li>Describe some of the efforts made to make Mexico/Texas independent of Spain </li></ul>
Mexico Wins Independence <ul><li>José María Morelos y Pavón will lead fight for Mexican independence after t he death of F...
Mexico Wins Independence <ul><li>1820:  Political changes in Spain weakened the government </li></ul><ul><li>Rebellion is ...
Mexico Wins Independence <ul><li>1821:  Spanish army defeated; Mexican independence won </li></ul>
Mexico Wins Independence <ul><li>Agustín de Iturbide :  declares himself the first ruler of independent Mexico </li></ul>A...
Mexico Wins Independence <ul><li>Iturbide proved to be an unpopular leader </li></ul><ul><li>Forced from power </li></ul><...
 
Tejano Ranchers <ul><li>Several thousand people lived around the lower Rio Grande  </li></ul><ul><li>Lush grasslands turne...
Tejano Ranchers <ul><li>Mart ín de León:  successful  rancher and early Texas trail driver </li></ul>Martín de León
Tejano Ranchers <ul><li>Wealthy Tejanos lived in houses that resembled forts </li></ul><ul><li>Others lived in  jacales —s...
Mexican Policies in Texas <ul><li>Spain had began to secularize the missions  </li></ul><ul><li>Secularize —the process of...
Mexican Policies in Texas <ul><li>San Antonio de Valero:  first mission to be secularized </li></ul><ul><li>1821-1825:  Ho...
Mexican Policies in Texas <ul><li>Mexico continued the process of secularizing missions </li></ul><ul><li>1832:  all missi...
Mexican Policies in Texas <ul><li>Mexico had to develop a new policy for settling and governing Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Te...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

TX History Ch 7.4

1,015 views
893 views

Published on

Published in: Travel
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,015
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
48
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
89
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

TX History Ch 7.4

  1. 1. Chapter 7: Conflicts of Empire Section 4: Spanish Rule Ends in Mexico
  2. 2. Bellwork <ul><li>Describe some of the efforts made to make Mexico/Texas independent of Spain </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mexico Wins Independence <ul><li>José María Morelos y Pavón will lead fight for Mexican independence after t he death of Father Hidalgo </li></ul><ul><li>1820: Captured & killed </li></ul>José María Morelos y Pavón
  4. 4. Mexico Wins Independence <ul><li>1820: Political changes in Spain weakened the government </li></ul><ul><li>Rebellion is relaunched </li></ul><ul><li>Military officer Agustín de Iturbide & rebels led by Vicente Guerrero join forces </li></ul>
  5. 5. Mexico Wins Independence <ul><li>1821: Spanish army defeated; Mexican independence won </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mexico Wins Independence <ul><li>Agustín de Iturbide : declares himself the first ruler of independent Mexico </li></ul>Agustín de Iturbide
  7. 7. Mexico Wins Independence <ul><li>Iturbide proved to be an unpopular leader </li></ul><ul><li>Forced from power </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico declared a republic </li></ul>
  8. 9. Tejano Ranchers <ul><li>Several thousand people lived around the lower Rio Grande </li></ul><ul><li>Lush grasslands turned the Rio Grande into a major ranching area </li></ul>
  9. 10. Tejano Ranchers <ul><li>Mart ín de León: successful rancher and early Texas trail driver </li></ul>Martín de León
  10. 11. Tejano Ranchers <ul><li>Wealthy Tejanos lived in houses that resembled forts </li></ul><ul><li>Others lived in jacales —small one room huts made of sticks and mud </li></ul>
  11. 12. Mexican Policies in Texas <ul><li>Spain had began to secularize the missions </li></ul><ul><li>Secularize —the process of moving from religious to civil control </li></ul>
  12. 13. Mexican Policies in Texas <ul><li>San Antonio de Valero: first mission to be secularized </li></ul><ul><li>1821-1825: Housed the Flying company of San Jos é y Santiago del Alamo de Parras </li></ul>
  13. 14. Mexican Policies in Texas <ul><li>Mexico continued the process of secularizing missions </li></ul><ul><li>1832: all mission secularized </li></ul><ul><li>Mission lands and buildings placed under local control </li></ul>
  14. 15. Mexican Policies in Texas <ul><li>Mexico had to develop a new policy for settling and governing Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Texas population to small—offered free land </li></ul><ul><li>Spain had opened Texas to U.S. immigration—Mexico will have to decide whether or not to continue this policy </li></ul>

×