TX History Ch 7.3
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TX History Ch 7.3

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TX History Ch 7.3 TX History Ch 7.3 Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 7: Conflicts of Empire Section 3: Unrest and Revolution
  • Bellwork
    • Why did Spain consider the United States a threat?
  • The Philip Nolan Expedition
    • 1791: U.S. citizen Philip Nolan enters Texas as a mustang trader
    • Enters Texas three times with permission
    View slide
  • The Philip Nolan Expedition
    • Spanish officials hear rumors Nolan is an American spy
    • 1800: Enters Texas without permission
    • Spanish soldiers will attempt to arrest him
    View slide
  • The Philip Nolan Expedition
    • Nolan resists and is killed
    • Most of his men are captured or imprisoned
    • Elis P. Bean—only one of Nolan’s men to return to the U.S. alive
  • The Philip Nolan Expedition
    • Filibusters —military adventurers
    • Most wanted to free Texas or all of Mexico from Spain, others looking for quick wealth
  • The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition
    • September 16, 1810: Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a priest in Dolores, Mexico rang a church bell and called for an end to Spanish rule
    Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
  • The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition
    • Father Hidalgo helped start the Mexican revolution with his Grito de Delores
    Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
  • The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition
    • Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla led an army of more than 50,000 against Spanish rule
    Statue of Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
  • The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition
    • 1811: Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla is captured and executed
    Mexican stamp commemorating the 250 th anniversary of Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla’s birth
  • The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition
    • José Bernando Gutiérrez de Lara decides to attack Texas after the death of Father Hidalgo
    • Hoped to use Texas as a base to fight for Mexican independence
  • The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition
    • With secret support from the U.S., Gutiérrez went to Louisiana to raise a private army
    • Introduced to Augustus William Magee, a U.S. Army officer—raised any army of 130 volunteers—called themselves the Republican Army of the North
  • The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition
    • Augustus William Magee—leader of the Republican Army of the North
    • With the secret support of the U.S., the Republican Army of the North invaded Mexico in August 1812
  • The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition
    • Takes control of Nacogdoches and gains more volunteers
    • Mid-September: army captures the Presidio at La Bahía
    • 800 Spanish soldiers will lay siege to the fort
  • The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition
    • Siege —military blockade of a city or fort
    • Spanish army fails to take control of fort
    • March 1813: attacks and defeats a Spanish force of 1200
  • The Green Flag Over Texas
    • April 6, 1813: José Bernando Gutiérrez de Lara declares Texas independence from Spain
  • The Green Flag Over Texas
    • The first Texas revolution failed in part because sharp disagreements among volunteers weakened the Republican Army
  • The Green Flag Over Texas
    • Brutal execution of several Spanish soldiers will cause several soldiers to leave
    • Differences between Gutiérrez and volunteers over Texas’ fate leading to his removal
  • The Green Flag Over Texas
    • April 1813: The Rebellion is crushed by Spanish General Joaquín de Arredondo
  • Pirates and Rebels on the Coast
    • Henry Perry—filibuster who moved into Texas in 1815 and set up a base on Galveston Island
    • June 1817: Killed when attempting to take La Bahía
  • Pirates and Rebels on the Coast
    • Jean Lafitte—French pirate, based in Galveston, who had fought for the U.S. in the War of 1812
  • The Long Expeditions
    • Dr. James Long:
      • U.S. citizen from Mississippi
      • Angry about the Adams-Onís treaty—believed that Texas should be independent or a part of the United States
  • The Long Expeditions
      • First invasion: unsuccessful
      • Second invasion: killed
    • Jane Long—wife, returned to United States after death of husband