TX History Ch 7.3


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TX History Ch 7.3

  1. 1. Chapter 7: Conflicts of Empire Section 3: Unrest and Revolution
  2. 2. Bellwork <ul><li>Why did Spain consider the United States a threat? </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Philip Nolan Expedition <ul><li>1791: U.S. citizen Philip Nolan enters Texas as a mustang trader </li></ul><ul><li>Enters Texas three times with permission </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Philip Nolan Expedition <ul><li>Spanish officials hear rumors Nolan is an American spy </li></ul><ul><li>1800: Enters Texas without permission </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish soldiers will attempt to arrest him </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Philip Nolan Expedition <ul><li>Nolan resists and is killed </li></ul><ul><li>Most of his men are captured or imprisoned </li></ul><ul><li>Elis P. Bean—only one of Nolan’s men to return to the U.S. alive </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Philip Nolan Expedition <ul><li>Filibusters —military adventurers </li></ul><ul><li>Most wanted to free Texas or all of Mexico from Spain, others looking for quick wealth </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition <ul><li>September 16, 1810: Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a priest in Dolores, Mexico rang a church bell and called for an end to Spanish rule </li></ul>Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
  8. 8. The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition <ul><li>Father Hidalgo helped start the Mexican revolution with his Grito de Delores </li></ul>Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
  9. 9. The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition <ul><li>Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla led an army of more than 50,000 against Spanish rule </li></ul>Statue of Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
  10. 10. The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition <ul><li>1811: Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla is captured and executed </li></ul>Mexican stamp commemorating the 250 th anniversary of Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla’s birth
  11. 11. The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition <ul><li>José Bernando Gutiérrez de Lara decides to attack Texas after the death of Father Hidalgo </li></ul><ul><li>Hoped to use Texas as a base to fight for Mexican independence </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition <ul><li>With secret support from the U.S., Gutiérrez went to Louisiana to raise a private army </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced to Augustus William Magee, a U.S. Army officer—raised any army of 130 volunteers—called themselves the Republican Army of the North </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition <ul><li>Augustus William Magee—leader of the Republican Army of the North </li></ul><ul><li>With the secret support of the U.S., the Republican Army of the North invaded Mexico in August 1812 </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition <ul><li>Takes control of Nacogdoches and gains more volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Mid-September: army captures the Presidio at La Bahía </li></ul><ul><li>800 Spanish soldiers will lay siege to the fort </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition <ul><li>Siege —military blockade of a city or fort </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish army fails to take control of fort </li></ul><ul><li>March 1813: attacks and defeats a Spanish force of 1200 </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Green Flag Over Texas <ul><li>April 6, 1813: José Bernando Gutiérrez de Lara declares Texas independence from Spain </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Green Flag Over Texas <ul><li>The first Texas revolution failed in part because sharp disagreements among volunteers weakened the Republican Army </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Green Flag Over Texas <ul><li>Brutal execution of several Spanish soldiers will cause several soldiers to leave </li></ul><ul><li>Differences between Gutiérrez and volunteers over Texas’ fate leading to his removal </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Green Flag Over Texas <ul><li>April 1813: The Rebellion is crushed by Spanish General Joaquín de Arredondo </li></ul>
  20. 20. Pirates and Rebels on the Coast <ul><li>Henry Perry—filibuster who moved into Texas in 1815 and set up a base on Galveston Island </li></ul><ul><li>June 1817: Killed when attempting to take La Bahía </li></ul>
  21. 21. Pirates and Rebels on the Coast <ul><li>Jean Lafitte—French pirate, based in Galveston, who had fought for the U.S. in the War of 1812 </li></ul>
  22. 22. The Long Expeditions <ul><li>Dr. James Long: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. citizen from Mississippi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Angry about the Adams-Onís treaty—believed that Texas should be independent or a part of the United States </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. The Long Expeditions <ul><ul><li>First invasion: unsuccessful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second invasion: killed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jane Long—wife, returned to United States after death of husband </li></ul>