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TX History Ch 6.5
 

TX History Ch 6.5

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    TX History Ch 6.5 TX History Ch 6.5 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 6: The Spanish Missions Section 5: Life in Spanish Texas
    • Bellwork
      • List examples of how Spanish culture has influenced life in present-day Texas.
    • Why are we studying this?
      • Many states in the American Southwest still show signs of a strong Spanish influence.
    •  
    • Life in the Spanish Missions
      • Spanish wanted the Indians to live inside the missions
      Mission Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción has stood in San Antonio since the mid-1700s .
    • Life in the Spanish Missions
      • Daily work consisted of prayer and work
      • Day started at dawn with Mass
    • Life in the Spanish Missions
      • Indians worked under the direction of priests and soldiers
      • Men: tended crops of beans corn, and cotton
    • Life in the Spanish Missions
      • Women: made pottery, cared for livestock, wove cloth, and ran the mission kitchen
      • Day ended with prayers and dinner—usually a thin cereal
    • Life in the Spanish Missions
      • Spanish hoped the Indians would give up their traditional celebrations
      • Indians would often leave the mission during the hunting season
    • Life in the Spanish Missions
      • Harsh life—dirt floors and open windows
      • Food often scarce in East Texas Missions—Indians would help during hard times
    • Life in the Spanish Missions
      • San Antonio and El Paso missions had the best conditions
      Mission San Jose
    • Life in the Presidios
      • Missions more likely to succeed with a presidio nearby
      Presidio de Nuestra Senora de Loreto de la Bahia ,
    • Life in the Presidios
      • Built of adobe, stone, and timber
      • Had a chapel, barracks, storage rooms, and headquarters
      Artist’s conception of a Spanish presidio
    • Life in the Presidios
      • Duties: Guarded missions and supervised Indians
      • Risky work
      • Low pay and poor equipment
      Spanish frontier soldier
    • Life in the Presidios
      • Some soldiers in presidios brought their families with them
      • Often disagree with missionaries over treatment of Indians and who had the higher authority
    • Life in the Settlements
      • Diverse population of Spaniards, Indians, and African Americans
      • Most African Americans brought to Texas as slaves
    • Life in the Settlements
      • Towns had streets, bakeries, stores
      • Largest town was San Antonio
    • Life in the Settlements
      • San Antonio—first town to let people participate in the government
      • Ayuntamiento —governing council of a Spanish settlement in Texas
    • Life in the Settlements
      • Alcalde —Spanish official who served as mayor, sheriff, and judge of a Spanish settlement in Texas
    • Life in the Settlements
      • Farming and ranching important to economy
      • Vaqueros —Spanish cowboys
    • Life in the Settlements
      • Horse riding used to provide entertainment
      • Social activities focused around the family and church
    • Life in the Settlements
      • The Spanish strongly influenced Texas:
        • Missions serve as churches
        • First roads
    • Life in the Settlements
        • Place names
        • Introduced Cattle & horses to America
        • Art, architecture, food, language, & music