TX History Ch 6.4
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TX History Ch 6.4 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 6: The Spanish Missions Section 4: War and Expansion
  • 2. Bellwork
    • How might a war in Europe between France and Spain affect their North American colonies?
  • 3. The Aguayo Expedition
    • 1719: War breaks out between France and Spain
  • 4. The Aguayo Expedition
    • French soldiers from Natchitoches attack the Spanish mission, San Miguel de Linares de los Adaes
    • Two Spaniards at the mission surrendered
  • 5. The Aguayo Expedition
    • French gathered up supplies and raided the hen house
    • One Spaniard escaped to a nearby mission
  • 6.
    • Said French soldiers were marching on East Texas
    • Event will become known as the “Chicken War”
    The Aguayo Expedition
  • 7.
    • The Spanish temporarily abandoned East Texas following the Chicken War .
    The Aguayo Expedition
  • 8. The Aguayo Expedition
    • Viceroy ordered the Marques de San Miguel de Aguyayo, the governor of Coahuila, to reoccupy the missions
    • 1721: The Spanish arrive and reoccupy the missions
  • 9. The Aguayo Expedition
    • Aguayo meets with the French commander in the area, Louis Juchereau de St. Denis.
    • The two agree to separate control of French Louisiana and Spanish Texas
  • 10. The Aguayo Expedition
    • Expansion of settlement
      • Los Adaes (capital of Spanish Texas)
      • La Bahia—mission & presidio built by Aguayo near Matagorda Bay
  • 11. The Aguayo Expedition
    • La Bahia —mission & presidio built by Aguayo near Matagorda Bay
  • 12. Presidio La Bahia
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16. Nuestra Senora del Espiritu Santo de Zuniga Mission
  • 17.  
  • 18.  
  • 19.  
  • 20. France and Spain at War Chicken War (June 1719) Spain abandons Texas Aguayo Expedition Spanish re-occupy East Texas Agreement to separate control of French Louisiana and Spanish Texas Expansion of Settlement
  • 21. Clashes on the Frontier
    • American Indians attacked Spanish settlements during the 1730s and 1740s
    • Spanish feared the Apache
  • 22. Clashes on the Frontier
    • Central Texas and San Antonio missions hit hard by raids
    • Believed converting the Indians to Catholicism would bring more peaceful relations
  • 23. Clashes on the Frontier
    • The Franciscans begin setting up three missions along the San Gabriel River.
  • 24. Clashes on the Frontier
    • The Spaniards move the San Xavier missions and presidio to Santa Cruz de San Saba after a smallpox epidemic kills many of the mission Indians.
  • 25. Clashes on the Frontier
    • Spanish had little success converting the Indians
    • About 2,000 American Indian enemies of the Apache attack and burn the Santa Cruz de San Sabá mission.
  • 26. Clashes on the Frontier
    • Mission never rebuilt
    • Comanche and Apache will continue to resist the Spanish
    • San Antonio and Rio Grande missions only successful settlements in Texas