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TX History Ch 20.4

TX History Ch 20.4






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    TX History Ch 20.4 TX History Ch 20.4 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 20: The Indian Wars Section 4: The Indian Wars End in Texas
    • Fighting on the Rio Grande
      • Mangas Coloradas, an Apache chief, was a mentor to Victorio
      • Mangas Coloradas killed by U.S. soldiers
      • Apache ordered to move to reservations in New Mexico
    • Fighting on the Rio Grande
      • Victorio —Apache leader who fled into Mexico & conducted raids across the Rio Grande
    • Fighting on the Rio Grande
      • More troops sent to Rio Grande area
      • Army chased Victorio for two years
      • Troops part of the 9 th & 10 th Cavalries and 24 th & 25 th Infantry Regiments
    • Fighting on the Rio Grande
      • Buffalo Soldiers —name that American Indians gave to African American troops
      Stamp commemorating the Buffalo Soldiers
    • Fighting on the Rio Grande
      • Henry O. Flipper —first black graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point who took part in raids against the Apache while stationed at Fort Davis
      Henry O. Flipper
    • Fighting on the Rio Grande
      • Troops trailed Apache for weeks at a time
      • Crossed back into Mexico
      • Raids stopped when Mexican troops became involved
      • Victorio died in 1880
    • Reservation Life
      • Forced to take up farming
      • Poor soil
      • Little experience raising crops
    • Reservation Life
      • Government did not supply food
      • 1883: Federal government banned many Indian religious practices
      • Forced to traditional ceremonies in secret
    • Reservation Life
      • 1875: Parker surrenders & moves to reservation
      • Worked to better relations between federal government & Indians
      • Went to Washington D.C. to negotiate
      Quanah Parker
    • Reservation Life
      • Indians on reservations shared the land they farmed
      • Some government officials believed Indians would be better off owning land
    • Reservation Life
      • Dawes General Allotment Act —U.S. law passed in 1887 that divided up reservation lands for American Indians and promised the citizenship
    • Reservation Life
      • Many Indians did not receive enough land to sustain themselves
      • Government sold remaining land after dividing land
      • Indians not granted citizenship until 1924
    • Reservation Life
      • By the 1880s most American Indians were gone from Texas
      • Opened vast amounts of land to farming, ranch, & settlement
    • Reservation Life Farming Traditional Culture Ownership of Land