• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
TX History Ch 20.2

TX History Ch 20.2






Total Views
Views on SlideShare
Embed Views



1 Embed 68

http://txaggieteacher.wikispaces.com 68


Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    TX History Ch 20.2 TX History Ch 20.2 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 20: The Indian Wars Section 2: War on the Plains
    • The Salt Creek Raid
      • Problems remain after Treaty of Medicine Lodge
      • Indians frustrated with reservation life
      • Some Indians begin to attack Texas settlements
    • The Salt Creek Raid
      • July 1870: U.S. troops defeated in battle after chasing Kiowa that attacked a stagecoach
      • August 1870: Kiowa leader White Horse leads a series of attacks
      • Legislature asks for help
    • The Salt Creek Raid
      • 1871: Gen. William T. Sherman sent to Texas
      • Has doubts about Indian threat
      General William T. Sherman
    • The Salt Creek Raid
      • May 1871: Kiowa & Comanche under big Tree, Satank, & Satanta attack wagon train near Salt Creek
      • 7 men killed
      Big Tree & Santanta
    • The Salt Creek Raid
      • Salt Creek Raid —Kiowa and Comanche attack on a wagon train that caused a shift in military policy towards Indians
    • The Salt Creek Raid
      • Sherman has Big Tree, Satank, & Satanta arrested
      • Satank killed while trying to escape
      • Big Tree & Satanta convicted or murder and sentenced to death
    • The Salt Creek Raid
      • Gov. E.J. Davis changes sentence to life in prison
      • Released from prison in 1873
      Governor E.J. Davis
    • Mackenzie’s Raids
      • The Salt Creek Raid convince the war department that Indians must be forced onto reservations.
    • Mackenzie’s Raids
      • Ranald S. Mackenzie —U.S. colonel who became famous fighting American Indians on the frontier
      Ranald S. Mackenzie
    • Mackenzie’s Raids
      • Colonel Mackenzie’s campaign in Texas was meant to force all of the Indians onto reservations.
    • Mackenzie’s Raids
      • Fall 1871: Mackenzie begins raids
      • Led by Tonkawa Indian scouts
      • Fought battle against Comanche at Blanco Canyon
    • Mackenzie’s Raids
      • Quanah Parker —Comanche leader whose mother was a captured settler
      Quanah Parker
    • Cynthia Parker
      • Captured by Comanche in 1836
      • Lived with Comanche
      • 1860: captured by Texas Rangers
      • Always wanted to return to Comanche
      Cynthia Parker
    • Mackenzie’s Raids
      • Mackenzie pursues Comanche into Panhandle
      • Escape during snowstorm
      • Spring 1872: Mackenzie renews attacks following Indian raids
    • Mackenzie’s Raids
      • September 29, 1872: Mackenzie’s troops defeat a Comanche force near Pampa
      • Killed Comanche, destroyed village, & took 120 women and children prisoner
      • Parker led unsuccessful attack to free prisoners
    • Mackenzie’s Raids
      • Mackenzie kept prisoners at Fort Concho to try & convince others to surrender
      • Many Comanche abandoned life on plains & move to reservations
      • Mackenzie goes to Mexican border to stop Kickapoo & Lipan Apache attacks
    • The Slaughter of the Buffalo
      • Plains Indians depended on buffalo for generations
      • Risks to survival of buffalo:
        • Westward expansion of railroads
        • Development of new tanning technology & a market for hides
    • The Slaughter of the Buffalo
      • Risks to survival of buffalo:
        • Buffalo guns
        • Desire to force Plains Indians to live on reservations
    • The Slaughter of the Buffalo
      • Buffalo guns allowed hunters to kill from a long distance away.
    • The Slaughter of the Buffalo
      • “ Let them (hunters) kill, skin, & sell until the buffaloes are exterminated. Then your prairies can be covered with speckled cattle.”
      • --General Philip Sheridan
      General Philip Sheridan
    • The Slaughter of the Buffalo
      • Buffalo killed in order to force Indians to move.
      • Growing market for buffalo hides nearly made them extinct .
      • 1872-1874: estimated 4.3 million buffalo killed