TX History Ch 20.1
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TX History Ch 20.1

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    TX History Ch 20.1 TX History Ch 20.1 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 20: The Indian Wars Section 1: Changes in Indian Policy
    • American Indian Relations
      • Early 1860s: Indian raids common
      • Frontier open to attack as men and soldiers fight in Civil War
      • Plains Indians see opportunity to westward expansion
    • American Indian Relations
      • Federal troops arrive at end of war
      • Not enough troops to go around
      • October 1865: Federal commissioners negotiate peace treaty
    • American Indian Relations
      • Treaty of the Little Arkansas —treaty under which Comanche & Kiowa leaders agreed to settle on a Panhandle reservation
      • Reservation never created
    • American Indian Relations
      • Kiowa & Comanche renew attacks
      • People move to safer areas
      • Frontier line pushed back east
    • American Indian Relations
      • During the 1860s the frontier in Texas sometimes fell back under pressure from American Indian raids
    • The Treaty of Medicine Lodge
      • 1867: federal government attempts to negotiate a new treaty
      • Treaty of Medicine Lodge —agreement of 1867 that required the Plains Indians to move onto a reservation in the Indian Territory
    • The Treaty of Medicine Lodge
      • Terms:
        • Gifts of blankets, clothing, & weapons
        • 3 million acres for reservation in Indian Territory
        • Buildings, tools, & money
    • The Treaty of Medicine Lodge
      • Terms:
        • Stop raiding
        • Stay on reservations
        • Take up farming
    • The Treaty of Medicine Lodge
      • Satanta —Kiowa leader who refused to accept reservation life and died in prison
      Satanta
    • The Treaty of Medicine Lodge
      • Some Indians honored the treaty, others remained determined to roam the plains
    • The Peace Policy
      • 1869: President Grant established Board of Indian Commissioners
      • Quakers —members of the Society of Friends, some of whom became Indian agents to help prevent war
    • The Peace Policy
      • Government hoped Indians would make living by farming
      • Reservation life was difficult and food was often scarce.
      • Poor soil
    • The Peace Policy
      • Government food supplies insufficient
      • Goods sent by government were illegally sold and never arrived
      • Buffalo hunters entered reservations
    • Civil War Reconstruction Treaty of Little Arkansas Treaty of Medicine Lodge Effects Effects Effects Effects