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TX History Ch 19.3

TX History Ch 19.3






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    TX History Ch 19.3 TX History Ch 19.3 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 19: Reconstruction Section 3: The Davis Administration
    • Bellwork
      • What are some actions the new Republican government in Texas should take to address problems & issues?
    • The Davis Administration
      • Edmund J. Davis elected governor in 1869
      Edmund J. Davis
    • The Davis Administration
      • Legislature dominated by Republicans
      • 11 African Americans
    • The Davis Administration Matthew Gaines George T. Ruby
    • The Davis Administration
      • Efforts to stop crime in the state:
        • KKK had been threatening & murdering African Americans to keep them from expressing political views
        • Created a state militia & police force
      Klu Klux Klan robes
    • The Davis Administration
      • Education:
        • Created a free public school system for ALL children
        • State board of education
        • Common curriculum & teacher certification
    • The Davis Administration
      • Economy:
        • Improvements to the state transportation system
        • Issued bonds for rail lines
    • The Davis Administration
      • The Republican led legislature raised taxes to pay for schools & roads.
    • Opposition to Reconstruction
      • Scalawag —term used for Texans who supported the Republicans
    • Opposition to Reconstruction
      • Carpetbaggers — northerners who moved to the South after the war
    • Opposition to Reconstruction
      • Clashes over state police, militia, & taxes
      • Obnoxious Acts —a term used by some Texans for laws passed by the Republican legislature
    • Opposition to Reconstruction
      • Accusations of taking money by fraud
      • Angered when Davis used state police to guard voters in 1872 election
      • 1872 election: Democrats regain control of legislature
    • The End of Reconstruction E.J. Davis Republican Richard Coke Democrat vs. Election of 1873
    • The End of Reconstruction
      • Election of 1873:
        • Davis (42,663 votes)
        • Coke (85,549 votes)
      • Democrats win control of legislature
      • Republicans argue polls closed too early
    • The End of Reconstruction
      • Case makes it to Texas Supreme Court
      • Supreme Court declares constitution unconstitutional
      • Democrats demand control of government
    • The End of Reconstruction
      • Davis allows legislature to meet
      • Fears governor’s office will be taken by force
      • Calls in armed supporters to take control of first floor of capitol
    • The End of Reconstruction
      • Democrats call in armed supporters to take control of legislative chambers on second floor of capitol
      • Federal troops refuse to intervene
      • Davis steps down
    • End to Republican Rule
      • E.J. Davis last Republican governor for over 100 years
      • 1978: Bill Clements will become the first Republican governor since Reconstruction
      Bill Clements
    • The End of Reconstruction
      • Richard Coke —Democrat who became governor in 1874, ending Reconstruction in Texas
      Richard Coke
    • The End of Reconstruction Rutherford B. Hayes Republican Samuel Tilden Democrat vs. U.S. Presidential election of 1876
    • The End of Reconstruction
      • Both candidates claim victory
      • Compromise of 1877:
        • Democrats accept Hayes
        • Hayes ends involvement of Federal troops in Southern political affairs
    • E.J. Davis Administration Accomplishments Criticisms