TX History Ch 19.2
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TX History Ch 19.2

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TX History Ch 19.2 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 19: Reconstruction Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction
  • 2. Bellwork
    • What come to mind when you here the word “radical”?
  • 3. Andrew Johnson & Presidential Reconstruction
  • 4. Radical Republicans & Congressional Reconstruction
  • 5. Radical Republicans React
    • Problems:
      • Black codes
      • Southerners elected people who had led rebellion
      • Laws passed that benefited wealthy landowners
      • Denying equal rights and violence against African Americans
  • 6. Radical Republicans React
    • Radical Republicans:
      • Believed Congress needed to take a greater role in Reconstruction
      • Loyal state governments could only be created with participation of Unionists & African Americans
  • 7. Radical Republicans React
    • Radical Republicans:
      • Wanted to give African American men the right to vote
      • Pushed the Civil Rights Act of 1866 through Congress
  • 8. Radical Republicans React
    • President Johnson vetoes Civil Rights Act of 1866:
      • Believed act gave too much power to federal government
      • Rejected principle of equal rights
  • 9. Radical Republicans React
    • Congress reacts:
      • Congress overturns veto
      • 14 th Amendment to U.S. Constitution —guaranteed citizenship and equal rights to African Americans
  • 10. The Reconstruction Acts
    • 1866 elections: Republicans gain majorities in both houses of Congress
    • Congress passes Reconstruction Acts:
      • Southern state governments again declared provisional
  • 11. The Reconstruction Acts
    • Congress passes Reconstruction Acts:
      • South divided into 5 military districts
      • States had to write new constitutions guaranteeing African American rights & suffrage
      • Ratify 14 th Amendment
  • 12. The Reconstruction Acts
    • Marked beginning of Congressional Reconstruction
    • Congressional Reconstruction meant that the terms for rejoining the Union were made more difficult.
  • 13. The Reconstruction Acts
    • Texas & Louisiana encompassed the Fifth Military District
  • 14. The Reconstruction Acts
    • Philip Sheridan —commander of the Fifth Military District
    General Philip Sheridan
  • 15. The Reconstruction Acts
    • Gen. Sheridan replaces Gov. Throckmorton with Elisha M. Pease
  • 16. The Reconstruction Acts
    • Andrew Johnson —president who tried to block Congressional Reconstruction
    Andrew Johnson
  • 17. The Reconstruction Acts
    • President Johnson impeached by the House in 1866
    • President Johnson was NOT removed from office.
  • 18. The Texas Republican Party
    • Congressional Reconstruction led to development of Republican Party in Texas
    • Mostly Unionists, African Americans, & Mexican-Americans
  • 19. The Texas Republican Party
    • Feb 1868: Republicans had strong turnout in elections for constitutional convention
      • More than 80% of black men voted
      • High ranking Confederate and most prewar officeholders could not vote
      • 78 of 90 delegates were Republican, 9 were African American
  • 20. The Texas Republican Party
    • Republican Party splits
      • One Faction wanted to put Radical Republicans in power
        • Led by E.J. Davis & George T. Ruby
  • 21. The Texas Republican Party
    • George T. Ruby —African American leader of the Union League
  • 22. The Texas Republican Party
    • Republican Party splits
      • Moderate Republicans
        • Led by Andrew J. Hamilton
  • 23. The Constitution of 1869
    • Convention of 1868-69 controlled by Republicans
    • Gave equal rights to African Americans, including voting
    • 15 th Amendment—gave African American men right to vote
  • 24. The Constitution of 1869
    • The Constitution
      • Gave governor power to appoint state judge & officials
      • Changed term of governor from 2 to 4 years
      • Increased school funding
      • School attendance compulsory
  • 25. The Constitution of 1869
    • Constitution approved by wide margin
    • E.J. Davis elected governor
    • 14 th & 15 th Amendments ratified
    • March 1870: Texas restored to the Union
    Edmund J. Davis
  • 26. Congressional Reconstruction Causes Effects