Chapter 18:  Texas & the Civil War Section 4:  The Texas Home Front
Bellwork <ul><li>How might the Civil war have affected civilians? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you think Unionists were treate...
The Wartime Economy & the Draft <ul><li>Texas suffered less than other Confederate states </li></ul><ul><li>Goods became s...
The Wartime Economy & the Draft <ul><li>Texans adapted </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers grew less cotton and more corn and wheat ...
The Wartime Economy & the Draft <ul><li>Women & children ran plantations </li></ul><ul><li>Women worked to support the war...
The Wartime Economy & the Draft Gov. Francis Lubbock (1861-1863) Gov. Pendleton Murrah (1861-1865)
The Wartime Economy & the Draft <ul><li>April 1862:  Confederate Congress enacted a draft </li></ul><ul><li>Draft —law tha...
The Wartime Economy & the Draft <ul><li>White males 18-35 </li></ul><ul><li>Later broadened to 17-50 </li></ul>
The Wartime Economy & the Draft <ul><li>Exemptions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Certain jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buy way ...
Unionists in Texas <ul><li>Confederate draft received opposition from Unionists </li></ul><ul><li>Most joined war effort, ...
Unionists in Texas <ul><li>Martial law —kind of rule sometimes established in parts of Texas that were Unionist </li></ul>
Unionists in Texas <ul><li>Some Unionists violently attacked: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>August 1862:  60 Germans Texans attack...
Illustration appeared in  Frank Leslie's Illustrated Weekly Newspaper  February 20, 1864
 
 
 
Problems for Unionists in Texas Effects on Unionists
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TX History Ch 18.4

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TX History Ch 18.4

  1. 1. Chapter 18: Texas & the Civil War Section 4: The Texas Home Front
  2. 2. Bellwork <ul><li>How might the Civil war have affected civilians? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you think Unionists were treated? </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Wartime Economy & the Draft <ul><li>Texas suffered less than other Confederate states </li></ul><ul><li>Goods became scarce & expensive: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coffee </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Wartime Economy & the Draft <ul><li>Texans adapted </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers grew less cotton and more corn and wheat </li></ul><ul><li>Slaveholders from other states sent their slaves to Texas to prevent them from being freed </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Wartime Economy & the Draft <ul><li>Women & children ran plantations </li></ul><ul><li>Women worked to support the war </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Wartime Economy & the Draft Gov. Francis Lubbock (1861-1863) Gov. Pendleton Murrah (1861-1865)
  7. 7. The Wartime Economy & the Draft <ul><li>April 1862: Confederate Congress enacted a draft </li></ul><ul><li>Draft —law that was unpopular because some people received exemptions </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Wartime Economy & the Draft <ul><li>White males 18-35 </li></ul><ul><li>Later broadened to 17-50 </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Wartime Economy & the Draft <ul><li>Exemptions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Certain jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buy way out of service or provide substitute </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Unionists in Texas <ul><li>Confederate draft received opposition from Unionists </li></ul><ul><li>Most joined war effort, but some refused to fight </li></ul><ul><li>Unionists viewed as potentially dangerous traitors </li></ul>
  11. 11. Unionists in Texas <ul><li>Martial law —kind of rule sometimes established in parts of Texas that were Unionist </li></ul>
  12. 12. Unionists in Texas <ul><li>Some Unionists violently attacked: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>August 1862: 60 Germans Texans attacked when fleeing to Mexico to escape draft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>50 Germans hanged in Central Texas when they organized to protest war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oct. 1862: 40 suspected Unionists hung in the “Great Hanging” in Gainesville </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Illustration appeared in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Weekly Newspaper February 20, 1864
  14. 17. Problems for Unionists in Texas Effects on Unionists
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