TX History Ch 16.3

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TX History Ch 16.3

  1. 1. Chapter 16: Western Expansion and Conflict Section 3: The Texas Rangers & American Indians
  2. 2. Conflicts on the Frontier <ul><li>Settlers moving westward </li></ul><ul><li>Movement onto American Indian lands </li></ul><ul><li>Frontier settlers ask for government assistance </li></ul>
  3. 3. Conflicts on the Frontier <ul><li>Federal government responsible for Indian conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Contradictory policies </li></ul><ul><li>Infantry troops no match for expert horse riders </li></ul>
  4. 4. Conflicts on the Frontier <ul><li>Gov. Wood calls out the Texas Rangers </li></ul><ul><li>Rangers had horses </li></ul><ul><li>Rangers so effective they were paid by the federal government </li></ul>
  5. 5. Conflicts on the Frontier <ul><li>The Colt Six-Shooter gave Texas Rangers a powerful advantage in battles against the Comanche and Kiowa. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Establishing Frontier Forts <ul><li>Federal government established a line of forts </li></ul>
  7. 7. Establishing Frontier Forts <ul><li>Forts protected settlers and travelers </li></ul><ul><li>Especially important after discovery of gold in California </li></ul><ul><li>Army abandoned forts as settlers pushed past them </li></ul>
  8. 8. Establishing Frontier Forts <ul><li>Fort Worth was abandoned by the army after settlers moved past it, deeper into the frontier </li></ul>
  9. 9. Establishing Frontier Forts <ul><li>Forts ineffective: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Too far apart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Too few troops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Too few supplies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Settlers went past </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The Reservation Policy <ul><li>Reservations —areas of land set aside for American Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Many Plains Indians continued to live outside reservations </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict continued </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Removal of Texas Indians <ul><li>Settlers living near reservations claimed Indians stole </li></ul><ul><li>Formed vigilante groups </li></ul><ul><li>Indians removed to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Removal of Texas Indians <ul><li>Robert S. Neighbors —U.S. Indian agent who disagreed with federal policy </li></ul>Robert S. Neighbors
  13. 13. The Removal of Texas Indians <ul><li>Alabama-Coushatta —Indians whose right to remain in Texas was recognized by the state government </li></ul><ul><li>Aided during the Texas Revolution </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Removal of Texas Indians <ul><li>Alabama-Coushatta Reservation </li></ul><ul><li>Kickapoo Reservation </li></ul><ul><li>Tigua Reservation </li></ul>Locations of Texas Indian Reservations

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