TX History Ch 15.3


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TX History Ch 15.3

  1. 1. Chapter 15: Texas Joins the Union Section 2: Forming a Government
  2. 2. Bellwork <ul><li>Imagine you are forming a new club…what are some actions you would take? </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Convention of 1845 <ul><li>Anson Jones: “The Republic of Texas is no more.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Convention of 1845 <ul><li>James Pinckney Henderson —first governor of the state of Texas </li></ul>James Pinckney Henderson
  5. 5. The Convention of 1845 <ul><li>State constitution written at Convention of 1845 </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas J. Rusk —president of Convention of 1845 </li></ul>Thomas J. Rusk
  6. 6. The Convention of 1845 <ul><li>Jos é Antonio Navarro —only native Texan in the Convention of 1824 </li></ul>José Antonio Navarro
  7. 7. The Convention of 1845 <ul><li>Modeled after: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Constitution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Republic of Texas Constitution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Louisiana Constitution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Approved by a wide margin </li></ul>
  8. 9. The Constitution of 1845 <ul><li>Executive Branch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by governor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 year term </li></ul></ul>Texas Governor’s Mansion
  9. 10. The Constitution of 1845 <ul><li>Legislative Branch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House—2 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate—4 years </li></ul></ul>Texas Senate Chamber
  10. 11. The Constitution of 1845 <ul><li>Legislature meets biennially </li></ul><ul><li>Biennial —every two years </li></ul>Texas House Chamber
  11. 12. The Constitution of 1845 <ul><li>Judicial Branch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Judges appointed by governor until 1850 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judges elected after 1850 </li></ul></ul>Old Supreme Court Chamber
  12. 13. The Constitution of 1845 <ul><li>“ Imperfections”: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only white men over 21 could vote or hold office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protected slavery </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. The Constitution of 1845 <ul><li>Protections: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Homesteads up to 200 acres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certain business practices </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. The Constitution of 1845 <ul><li>Prohibited the creation of banks </li></ul><ul><li>Corporations could only operate with permission from the legislature </li></ul>
  15. 16. The Constitution of 1845 <ul><li>Protections: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Women’s property rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Husband could not sell homestead without permission of wife </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Married women could own property separate from husband </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stemmed from Spanish laws </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 17. The Constitution of 1845 <ul><li>Prohibited those who took part in a duel from holding any state office </li></ul>
  17. 18. The First State Election <ul><li>Dec. 1845: Held elections </li></ul><ul><li>James Pinckney Henderson elected governor </li></ul><ul><li>Feb. 19, 1846: Government operations transferred from the Republic to the state </li></ul>
  18. 19. The First State Election Texas’ First U.S. Senators Sam Houston Thomas J. Rusk
  19. 20. TEXAS CONSTITUTION OF 1845 Branches of Government Economy Voting & Holding Office Protections