TX History Ch 14.2


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TX History Ch 14.2

  1. 1. Chapter 14: Texas Faces Foreign Challenges Section 2: Conflict with Mexico
  2. 2. Bellwork <ul><li>Imagine you are the leader of Mexico, what are some policies you might have towards Texas following the Texas Revolution? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Santa Fe Expedition <ul><li>Texas claimed Rio Grande as southern border </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico contested this claim </li></ul><ul><li>Lamar wanted to expand trade and Texas influence </li></ul>
  4. 4. Santa Fe Expedition <ul><li>June 1841: Lamar sends 320 people to Santa Fe </li></ul><ul><li>Santa Fe expedition sent to expand Texas control in the West </li></ul><ul><li>Hugh McLeod —leader of the Santa Fe expedition </li></ul>
  5. 5. Santa Fe Expedition <ul><li>Experienced hardships: Indian attacks and ran low on food and water </li></ul><ul><li>Wagons got stuck near Caprock </li></ul><ul><li>Divides soldiers </li></ul>
  6. 6. Santa Fe Expedition <ul><li>Oct 1841: Captured by Mexican forces </li></ul><ul><li>Marched 1200 miles to Mexico City </li></ul><ul><li>Imprisoned until following April </li></ul>
  7. 7. Santa Fe Expedition <ul><li>Jose Navarro sentenced to death </li></ul><ul><li>Later escaped </li></ul><ul><li>60 Texans died </li></ul>Jose Antonio Navarro
  8. 8. The Texas Navy <ul><li>Sept 1841: Lamar sends Navy to Yucatan coast </li></ul><ul><li>Rebels agreed to pay $8000/month for use of Texas Navy </li></ul>Texas Navy Flag
  9. 9. The Texas Navy <ul><li>Lamar used the Texas Navy to pressure Mexico for recognition </li></ul><ul><li>1841: Sam Houston becomes president and orders navy home </li></ul><ul><li>Houston tries to sell the navy </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Archives War <ul><li>Mexican leaders upset with actions of the Lamar administration </li></ul><ul><li>1842: General R áfael Vásquez enters Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Attacks San Antonio, Goliad, Refugio, & Victoria </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Archives War <ul><li>Texans panic & fear an attack on Austin </li></ul><ul><li>Houston orders archives be removed </li></ul><ul><li>Austin residents oppose move </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Archives War <ul><li>Archives War —struggle over attempt to move government record from Austin to Houston in 1842 </li></ul>Depiction of Archives War
  13. 13. The Archives War <ul><li>Angelina Eberly —leader in the Archives War </li></ul>Angelina Eberly statue in Austin
  14. 14. The Archives War <ul><li>Sept 1824: Mexico invades Texas again </li></ul><ul><li>Adri án Woll —Mexican general who captured San Antonio in September 1842 </li></ul><ul><li>Texans forced Woll to retreat </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Mier Expedition <ul><li>Texans angry about attacks </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Somervell —general sent by Houston to pursue General Woll </li></ul><ul><li>Recapture soldiers taken by General Woll </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Mier Expedition <ul><li>Reach Rio Grande </li></ul><ul><li>Realizes he does not have enough supplies or soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Orders troops home </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Mier Expedition <ul><li>300 of 750 soldiers disobey and decide to invade Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Mier expedition —an invasion of Mexico by rebellious Texas troops in 1842 </li></ul><ul><li>Dec 23, 1842: Texans enter Mier and demand supplies </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Mier Expedition <ul><li>Supplies do not arrive </li></ul><ul><li>Texans storm town </li></ul><ul><li>900 Mexican soldiers waiting for them </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Mier Expedition <ul><li>100 Mexicans, 30 Texans killed </li></ul><ul><li>Texans surrender </li></ul><ul><li>Mexican commander ignores order to execute prisoners </li></ul>
  20. 20. The Mier Expedition <ul><li>Prisoners marched to Mexico City </li></ul><ul><li>Santa Anna orders every 10 th prisoner shot </li></ul><ul><li>Prisoners draw beans </li></ul>Drawing Beans
  21. 21. The Mier Expedition <ul><li>Black bean = death (blindfolded & shot) </li></ul><ul><li>White Bean = no punishment </li></ul><ul><li>September 1844: last of the prisoners released </li></ul>Execution of Mier Expedition participants
  22. 22. The Mier Expedition <ul><li>Britain & France worked to restore peace between Texas & Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>An independent Texas would slow U.S. expansion </li></ul>British Flag French Flag
  23. 23. <ul><li>Spring 1845: British presents Mexican government with a document recognizing Texas independence </li></ul><ul><li>Texas agrees not to be annexed </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement only preliminary </li></ul>The Mier Expedition
  24. 24. The Mier Expedition <ul><li>Mexico agreed to proposal </li></ul><ul><li>Wished to prevent U.S. expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Texans have a choice </li></ul>
  25. 25. Texas Mexico