Shantytowns (also called slums , squatter settlements camps ), are settlements ( sometimes illegal or unauthorized ) of impoverished people who live in improvised dwellings made from scrap materials : often plywood , corrugated metal , and sheets of plastic .
Shanty towns are commonly located on the outskirts of cities in poor countries, or within large cities on derelict land or near rubbish tips.
Shanty towns are present in a number of countries. The largest shanty town in Asia is the Orangi Township in Karach i, Pakistan , while the largest in Africa is Kibera in Nairobi , Kenya.Another large shanty town is Dharavi in Mumbai , India which houses over 1 million people.
Shantytowns are mostly found in developing nations, or partially developed nations with an unequal distribution of wealth (or, on occasion, developed countries in a severe recession). In extreme cases, shanty towns have populations approaching that of a city. One billion people, one-sixth of the world's population, now live in shanty towns.
As many as six people live in a shack. The walls are lined with newspaper and the floor is bare earth or cheap linoleum. Beds or mattresses are shared and there may be a chair or two to sit on. Generally there is one door and no windows. Lamps and candles are the main source of light although some have illegally tapped into a power line and have ‘free’ electricity
On the economic level, these slums economically depend on specific types of jobs which are descried as inferior and marginal , legal and illegal jobs such as drugs and children trade, fruits and vegetables trade transferring between the near neighborhood areas as these slums are in the hear or on the city sides , in addition to the house workers at the side of women and small girls. Furthermore, children labor is very spread in these areas correlated with their maltreatment and infringement of their rights. Moreover, the slums dwellers are controlling a wide space of state owned lands which lack the infrastructure and public services and facilities necessary for appropriate life . These state owned lands are illegally controlled by the slums with the local authorities' inattention and coma and unconsciousness. These slums are hindering the way of comprehensive development
Finally, the main aim of the state is to correlate these slums areas with the city premises through the comprehensive development in order to prevent the appearance of new areas at the heart of the city or at its away sides.