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Open Source to the Rescue of Mobile App and Mobile Web Fragmentation

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Summarization of the BoF session on OSCON 2009: …

Summarization of the BoF session on OSCON 2009:
http://en.oreilly.com/oscon2009/public/schedule/detail/10216

Published in Technology , News & Politics
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  • 23/07/09

Transcript

  • 1. Open Source to the Rescue of Mobile App and Mobile Web Fragmentation? (short summary of the OSCON BoF session) Tom Deryckere Software Architect / Siruna @twom
  • 2.
    • This is not a presentation!
    • Report on the BoF session on OSCON Monday 20 july 2009
    • Mail me if you have additions to this report.
    What’s this
  • 3.
    • Professional Open Source company
    • Located in Belgium | UK | US | India | UAE | China
    • http://www.siruna.com
    • Siruna helps you to make anything mobile on any device with total peace of mind.
    Siruna Website XML Feed
  • 4.
    • OSCON unique chance to meet fellow developers
    • Discuss current state of Open Source tools for mobile developers
    • Do they provide solutions to overcome device fragmentation?
    • Networking and Exchange ideas and experiences
    • Publish outcome after OSCON
    Why a BoF session
  • 5.
    • Browser companies
      • http://www.skyfire.com/ : executing websites on the server to take the load of mobile devices:
      • http://www.obigo.com : full featured mobile web browser supporting most standards including the BONDI / W3C specs
    • Application developers / consultants
      • Game developer with need for some power (going for the navit app appraoch, mainly on one platform – iPhone). Used to develop J2ME but sees a lot of fragmentation in this world..
    • Handset manufacturers
      • Samsung working with open source operating systems based on desktop gnome
    • Consumer companies
      • Looking at extending sales channel and promoting products through mobile
    • Medical records access from mobile devices for underdeveloped countries
    • Open source adepts
    • Open source companies
      • http://www.siruna.com
    • ....
    Who was around the table
  • 6.
    • Problem of fragmentation
      • How to develop applications that run on different devices / platforms
      • What platforms are there and what fragmentation does a developer needs to overcome
      • Which tools are available to help
    • Mobile web development
      • What standards do we have
      • What standards should we adopt
      • Problem of javascript UI libraries that are not mobile friendly
      • Problem of flash
      • Transcoding solutions
    • Device detection (very shortly)
    What was discussed
  • 7.
    • Has always been a developer challenge
      • J2ME used to be a solution
      • Currently fragmentation on J2ME is to big
    • Fragmentation on two fronts
      • Device capabilities: screen size, GPS, touch, accelerometer, CPU, bluetooth, ....
      • Operating system: webOS, WinMo, Java, Android, iPhone, Symbian, ...
        • Other?
    • Puts difficult choices on developers
      • E.g. What platforms to develop for
    Fragmentation
  • 8. Some numbers (AdMob) United States Handset Data - April 2009 Requests: 3,538,714,000 More: http://metrics.admob.com/
  • 9.
    • Red: percentage of web request coming from the phone
    • Blue: percentage of total sold mobile devices
    Numbers
  • 10. Platforms Platform Language iPhone Objective C Android Java (Dalvik JVM) Windows mobile .NET / C++ / Java Nokia C++, java, Flash lite Palm Pre HTML / CSS / javascript With own touch (services api + widgets) What some would call widgets. Blackberry Java Browser HTML / CSS / javascript W3C standards, limitations
  • 11.
    • It is not only that mobile need to evolve to ‘desktop functionality’
      • Mobile browsers are more and more desktop like
        • HTML / CSS / javascript capabilities
        • Problem lies not in capability, but in layouting and making javascript gui’s that make sence on mobile
    • Mobile browser need mobile specific functionality
        • Access to GPS (not standard available on desktop browsers)
        • Access to camera, contact list, file system, etc ...
        • Mobile javascript based UI libraries
        • BONDI project is addressing this issue
    Desktop versus mobile
  • 12.
    • HTML / CSS / javascript gains momentum and is heading towards a middleware language to run on all devices
    • PhoneGap already brings this in reality
    • More platforms/browsers are supporting it
      • Webkit!
    • BONDI
      • Industry initiative defining interfaces to access mobile device resources (calender, camera, file system, location)
    Standardisation versus open tools
  • 13.
    • Open Source project making a mobile device database available as xml file
    • Get device capabilities
      • Screen size
      • Which html standards
      • Javascript
      • Video capabilities
      • ...
    • API’s for Java, PHP
    • http://wurfl.sourceforge.net/
    WURFL
  • 14.
    • http://ready.mobi
      • Test on objective paramters/site semantics -> not always linked to how well a site works
    • No Open Source
      • Adobe device central (only for flash?)
      • Yospace.com
    • Crowdsourcing based testing companies
      • Mob4hire.com
    Mobile testing
  • 15.
    • Use html / CSS / javascript to build applications
    • UI
    • Iphone / android / BlackBerry
    • Access to native functionality
      • Geo location
      • Vibration
      • Accelerometer
      • Sound
      • Contact support
      • Camera
    • Under development
    • http://phonegap.com/
    PhoneGAP
  • 16.
    • Mobile web
    • Content adaptation engine
    • Multi-platform distribution
    • Takes online content and formats it for mobile
      • Semi automatic: using an xml based scripting language + adaptation engine
    • Device detection, image transcoding, CSS adaptation, content selection, ...
    • Manage different versions of one site for different device categories
    • Other open source example: Morfeo
    • http://www.siruna.com / http://open.siruna.com / http://composer.siruna.com
    Siruna
  • 17.
    • Web browser engine (both mobile / desktop)
      • Nokia
      • Safari
      • Android
      • Palm Pre
      • QT
    • Contributing to WebKit can change the mobile web!
    • http://webkit.org/
    WebKit
  • 18.
    • Open Source operating systems (Symbian, Android, ....)
    • iPhone application development
    • Open source scripting for mobile
      • Python runs on different devices
    • Widgets
      • Often HTML/CSS/javascript based web application
    • ....
    What we did not talk about
  • 19.
    • Mail : [email_address]
    • Blog: http://www.mobiledrupal.com
    • Twitter: @twom, @siruna
    • Siruna: http://www.siruna.com , http://open.siruna.com
    Contact