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Oxygen therapy new (2) version 2010

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my latest overview in O2 therapy conducted this week in our hospital-king abdulaziz specialist hospital-taif

my latest overview in O2 therapy conducted this week in our hospital-king abdulaziz specialist hospital-taif

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Oxygen therapy new (2) version 2010 Oxygen therapy new (2) version 2010 Presentation Transcript

  • OXYGEN therapy King Abdulaziz Specialist Hospital-Taif mohammed alhabsi indanan, RN
  • 3 BASIC ESSENTIAL IN LIFE Oxygen Water Food Add Your Title OXYGEN therapy
  • history:
    • Joseph Pristley
    • An element of Oxygen
    • was officially discovered
    • in August 1774
    OXYGEN therapy
  • history:
    • Antoine- Laurent Lavoisier
    • 1775
    • Oxygen : acid producer,
    • identified as an element
    OXYGEN therapy
  • definition:
    • Oxygen
    • Element, gas, and drug
    • Oxygen therapy
    • Is the administration of oxygen at concentrations greater than that in room air to treat or prevent hypoxemia.
    OXYGEN therapy
  • What is hypoxia and types
    • Hypoxia
    • a condition of insufficient oxygen anywhere in the body from the inspired gas to the tissue.
    • Types of Hypoxia
    • Hypoxemic hypoxia
    • Circulatory hypoxia
    • Hematological hypoxia
    • Demand hypoxia
    • Histotoxic hypoxia
    OXYGEN therapy
  • ٍٍ Signs & Symptoms
    • Tachypnea, dyspnea, hyperpnoea
    • Tachycardia, dysrhythmias, pulse change, hypertension
    • Anemia, polycythemia
    • Restlessness, disorientation, lethargy
    • Cyanosis, digital clubbing
    OXYGEN therapy
  • Indications for Oxygen
    • Treat hypoxia
    • Decrease the work of breathing
    • Decrease myocardial work
    • Severe trauma
    • Short term, post operative
    OXYGEN therapy
  • O 2 Administration Devices OXYGEN therapy DEVICE FLOW RATE L/MIN O 2 PERCENTAGE Cannula 1-6 24%-45% Facial Mask 5-8 40%-60% Partial Rebreather 6-10 60%-90% Nonrebreather 10-15 95%-100% Venturi 4-8 24%-40% Face Tent 4-8 30%-50%
  • Oxygen Delivery system:
    • Low Flow
    • Do not provide a constant or know concentration of inspired O 2
    • Nasal, face, partial, non-rebreather
    • High Flow
    • Provide the total inspired air
    • Specific % of O 2 is delivered independently
    • Requires constant & precise amount
    • Transtracheal, Venturi, T-piece, face tent
  • Nasal cannula
    • 1-2L/min (23- 30%)
    • 3-5L/min (30-40%)
    • 6L/min (23-42%)
    OXYGEN therapy
  • Facial mask
    • 6-8 L/min
    • 40% to 60 %
    OXYGEN therapy
  • Partial rebreather mask
    • 8-11 L/min
    • 50% to 75 %
    OXYGEN therapy
  • Nonbreathing mask
    • 12 L/min
    • 95% to 100%
    OXYGEN therapy
  • Transtracheal O2 catheter
    • 1/4 – 4 L/min
    • 60 to100%
  • Venturi mask
    • 4-6 L/min (24,26,28%)
    • 6-8 L/min (30,35,40%)
    OXYGEN therapy
  • Tracheostomy collar
    • 8-10L/min
    • 30-100%
    OXYGEN therapy
  • T-piece
    • 8-10L/min
    • 30-100%
    OXYGEN therapy
  • Face Tent
    • 4 to 8 L/min (30% to 50% )
    • 8-10 L/min (30-100%)
    OXYGEN therapy
  • Pediatric O2 Tent
    • Set to 15L/min for
    • 5 minutes then adjust
    • according to orders e.g.
    • 10-15L/min
    • Approximately 30%
  • Oxygen Hood
    • Provides precise O2 level
    • & humidity
  • Hyperbaric therapy
    • Increase pressure
    • Increase oxygen in tissue
  • Flow meter/Humidifier
    • Regulates the flow
    • of oxygen in
    • liters/min
    OXYGEN therapy
  • Nursing Responsibilities OXYGEN therapy
    • Assessment
    • Skin & mucous membrane
    • Breathing patterns
    • Chest movements
    • Lung sounds
    • Presence of clinical signs of hypoxemia
    • Presence of clinical signs of hypercarbia
    • Presence of clinical signs of O 2 toxicity
  • Nursing Responsibilities OXYGEN therapy
    • Determine:
    • Monitor Respiratory status
    • Neurologic assessment
    • V/S and Saturation
    • Whether client with COPD
    • Laboratory test
  • Campaign against. SMOKING
  • GOLDEN RULE:
    • “ You should never stop giving oxygen to a patient in need.”
    OXYGEN therapy
  • Magsukul... King Abdulaziz Specialist Hospital-Taif