[360KS-0715] How to improve health in office work environment? by I-Chun Hsieh for TWNPro


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- Occupational illness and injury at a glance
- Common hazards in an office setting
- Disease and injury recognition
- Example with good ergonomic design
- Goals of healthy work practices

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[360KS-0715] How to improve health in office work environment? by I-Chun Hsieh for TWNPro

  1. 1. For 360 Knowledge Share Event, 2010/07/15 I-Chun Hsieh 謝怡君 KS
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Occupational illness and injury at a glance </li></ul><ul><li>Common hazards in an office setting </li></ul><ul><li>Disease and injury recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Example with good ergonomic design </li></ul><ul><li>Goals of healthy work practices </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Stay healthy at work begins with understanding the potential risks of work </li></ul>
  4. 4. Case of occupational illness <ul><li>Small keyboard </li></ul><ul><li>Repetitive-strain injury that occurs due to the frequent use </li></ul><ul><li>Thumb tendonitis </li></ul>
  5. 5. Office environment hazards <ul><li>Physical hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Design-related & ergonomics hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Task-related hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Biological hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological effects </li></ul>
  6. 6. Is work making me sick? 1 <ul><li>Injuries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On the job injuries/Off the job injuries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aches and pains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Back pain/sprains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tendonitis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neck-shoulder-arm syndrome </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Respiratory illness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allergic rhinitis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asthma </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Is work making me sick? 2 <ul><li>Cardiovascular disease </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart attack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Karoshi” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Psychological illness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stress at work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depression and anxiety disorders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sleep disturbances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suicides </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Injury and illness prevention An example a good work-station design
  9. 9. Ergonomics Main points to avoid <ul><li>Static or awkward posture </li></ul><ul><li>Repetitive motion </li></ul><ul><li>Poor access or inadequate clearance and excessive reach </li></ul><ul><li>Display that are difficult to read and understand </li></ul><ul><li>Controls that are confusing to operate or require too much force </li></ul>
  10. 10. Chairs <ul><li>Chair has wheels or castors suitable for the floor surface </li></ul><ul><li>Chair swivels </li></ul><ul><li>Back rest is adjustable in height and slope </li></ul><ul><li>Adjustable chair height </li></ul><ul><li>Footrests can be used if feet do not rest flat on the floor </li></ul>
  11. 11. Desks and work surfaces <ul><li>Work surface at least 30 inches is depth </li></ul><ul><li>Desk height adjustable between 20 inches and 28 inches </li></ul><ul><li>Sufficient space underneath for your legs (min 15 inches for your knees and 24 inches for your feet) </li></ul><ul><li>The leading edge wide enough to accommodate the arms of your chair ( 24 inches to 27 inches) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Monitors <ul><li>Top of the screen is at or below eye level   </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor distance allows you to read the screen without leaning your head, neck or trunk forward/backward (20 inches at least) </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate screen size </li></ul><ul><li>Adjustable angle and tilt </li></ul><ul><li>Glare prevention (background, screen & work surface) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Keyboards <ul><li>Maintain neutral wrist postures using keyboards with adjustable feet and adequate length cord </li></ul><ul><li>Separate wrist rests are usually better </li></ul><ul><li>Wrist rest should match the front edge of the keyboard in width, height, slope, and contour </li></ul>
  14. 14. Goals of healthy work <ul><li>Reduce pain and injury </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease complaints </li></ul><ul><li>Less sick leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Shorten return-to-work time </li></ul><ul><li>Improve morale </li></ul><ul><li>Increase productivity </li></ul>
  15. 15. About the presenter <ul><li>Name: I-Chun Hsieh </li></ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Profile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Board-certified physician in Environmental and Occupational Medicine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special interests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corporate integrated health services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational and environmental disease diagnosis and certification </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preventative medicine </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current affiliations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attending physician, Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consultant doctor, Tung-Ho Steel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consultant doctor, DuPont Taiwan </li></ul></ul></ul>